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MAX Phases and Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics for Extreme Environments

Book Description

Ceramics are a versatile material, more so than is widely known. They are thermal resistant, poor electrical conductors, insulators against nuclear radiation, and not easily damaged, making ceramics a key component in many industrial processes. MAX Phases and Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics for Extreme Environments investigates a new class of ultra-durable ceramic materials, which exhibit characteristics of both ceramics and metals. Readers will explore recent advances in the manufacturing of ceramic materials that improve their durability and other physical properties, enhancing their overall usability and cost-effectiveness. This book will be of primary use to researchers, academics, and practitioners in chemical, mechanical, and electrical engineering. This book is part of the Research Essentials collection.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Preface
  5. Chapter 1: Spark Plasma Sintering of MAX Phases and Their Related Composites
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. SPARK PLASMA SINTERING OF HIGH PURITY TiSiC
    5. CONSOLIDATION OF TiSiC-BASED COMPOSITES USING PRE-SYNTHESIZED TiSiC POWDER
    6. IN SITU INCORPORATION OF TiSiC PHASE IN CERAMIC-BASED COMPOSITES
    7. SPARK PLASMA SINTERING OF TiSiC-BASED FUNCTIONALLY GRADED MATERIALS (FGMS)
    8. REACTIVE SYNTHESIS OF OTHER MAX PHASES
    9. CONCLUSION REMARKS AND FUTURE CHALLENGES
  6. Chapter 2: Decomposition Kinetics of MAX Phases in Extreme Environments
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE
    4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    5. CONCLUSION
  7. Chapter 3: Ultra High Temperature Ceramics
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. CRYSTAL STRUCTURE AND BASIC PROPERTIES OF UHTCS
    4. PROPERTY REQUIREMENTS FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE APPLICATIONS
    5. PROCESSING OF UHTCS
    6. EXPERIMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF HIGH TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES OF UHTCS-THE CHALLENGES
    7. VARIOUS APPLICATIONS OF UHTCS
    8. CONCLUSION AND OUTLOOK
  8. Chapter 4: Processing of Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics for Hostile Environments
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. DENSIFICATION OF UHTCs
    4. PRESSURELESS SINTERING
    5. REACTIVE PROCESSING
    6. CONCLUDING REMARKS
  9. Chapter 5: Effect of Transition Metal Silicides on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. STATE OF THE ART
    3. 2. COMPOSITES PRODUCTION AND CHARACTERIZATION
    4. 3. MICROSTRUCTURE AND DENSIFICATION BEHAVIOR
    5. 4. MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
    6. MOSI TASI
    7. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES
  10. Chapter 6: Processing Methods for Ultra High Temperature Ceramics
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. POWDER SYNTHESIS PROCESSES FOR UHTCS
    4. 3. DENSIFICATION OF UHTCS
    5. 4. COATING PROCESS FOR UHTCS
    6. CONCLUSION
  11. Chapter 7: Polymer-Derived Ceramics (PDCs)
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. SYNTHESIS APPROACHES FOR PDCS
    3. MICROSTRUCTURE AND ENERGETICS OF PDCS
    4. UHT CRYSTALLIZATION AND DECOMPOSITION BEHAVIOR OF PDCS
    5. UHT OXIDATION AND CORROSION BEHAVIOR OF PDCS
    6. UHT CREEP BEHAVIOR OF PDCS
    7. PROSPECTIVE APPLICATIONS OF PDCS AS ULTRAHIGH-TEMPERATURE STABLE MATERIALS
    8. CONCLUSION
  12. Chapter 8: Production of UHTC Complex Shapes and Architectures
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. STATE OF THE ART ON THE PRODUCTION OF DENSE UHTCS
    4. UHTC COMPLEX SHAPES AND ARCHITECTURES BY WET FORMING TECHNIQUES
    5. CONCLUSION
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
  13. Chapter 9: Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis (SHS) and Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) of Zr-, Hf-, and Ta-Based Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. EXPERIMENTAL METHODS
    4. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    5. CONCLUDING REMARKS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS
  14. Chapter 10: Directionally Solidified Ceramic Eutectics for High-Temperature Applications
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. PROCESSING TECHNIQUES
    3. COUPLED EUTECTIC GROWTH
    4. DIRECTIONALLY SOLIDIFIED EUTECTICS MICROSTRUCTURES
    5. CRYSTALLOGRAPHY AND INTERFACES
    6. RESIDUAL STRESSES
    7. MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR
    8. MICROSTRUCTURAL STABILITY
    9. OXIDATION AND CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
    10. CONCLUSION
  15. Chapter 11: Reactive Melt Infiltration of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Ceramic Composites for Ultra-High Temperature Applications
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. REACTIVE MELT INFILTRATION
    4. REACTIVE MELT INFILTRATION OF C/UHTC COMPOSITES 3.1 C/SIC COMPOSITES DOPED WITH UHTC
    5. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK
  16. Chapter 12: Fabrication, Microstructure, and Properties of Zirconium Diboride Matrix Ceramic
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. SYNTHESIS
    4. FABRICATION
    5. THERMAL SHOCK RESISTANCE
    6. EFFECT OF SURFACE OXIDATION ON FLEXURAL STRENGTH
    7. EFFECT OF SURFACE OXIDATION ON THERMAL SHOCK RESISTANCE
    8. OXIDATION MECHANISM AT 1600 ÂșC THROUGH HIGH-FREQUENCY INDUCTION
    9. SUMMARY
  17. Chapter 13: C/C-ZrB2-ZrC-SiC Composites Derived from Polymeric Precursor Infiltration and Pyrolysis Part I
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    4. CONCLUSION
  18. Chapter 14: C/C-ZrB2-ZrC-SiC Composite Derived from Polymeric Precursor Infiltration and Pyrolysis
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. 1. INTRODUCTION
    3. 2. EXPERIMENTAL
    4. 3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    5. CONCLUSION
  19. Chapter 15: Wetting and Joining of Structural Ceramic Components
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS
    4. WETTING AND JOINING OF CARBIDES
    5. WETTING AND JOINING OF NITRIDES
    6. WETTING AND JOINING OF BORIDES
    7. WETTING AND JOINING OF OXIDES
    8. APPLICATION PROSPECTS
    9. CONCLUSION
  20. Chapter 16: Carbon Vacancy Ordered Non-Stoichiometric ZrC0.6
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. MAIN FOCUS OF THE CHAPTER
    5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
  21. Chapter 17: Carbide Particle-Reinforced Tungsten Composites in Extreme Hazard Environments
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURE
    4. FINITE ELEMENT CALCULATION
    5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
  22. Chapter 18: Application of Electrophoretic Deposition for Interfacial Control of High-Performance SiC Fiber-Reinforced SiC Matrix (SiCf/SiC) Composites
    1. ABSTRACT
    2. INTRODUCTION
    3. BACKGROUND
    4. CHALLENGES, CONTROVERSIES, PROBLEMS
    5. SOLUTIONS
    6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
    7. CONCLUSION
  23. Compilation of References
  24. About the Contributors