This balanced and comprehensive study presents the theory, methods, and applications of matrix analysis in a new theoretical framework, allowing readers to understand second-order and higher-order matrix analysis in a completely new light. Alongside the core subjects in matrix analysis, such as singular value analysis, solving matrix equations and eigenanalysis, the author introduces new applications and perspectives that are unique to this book. As a very topical subject matter, gradient analysis and optimization plays a central role here. Also included are subspace analysis, projection analysis, and tensor analysis, topics which are often neglected in other books. Having provided a solid foundation to the subject, the author goes on to place particular emphasis on the many applications matrix analysis can have in science and engineering, making this book suitable for scientists, engineers, and graduate students alike.