A scalar is a (1 × 1) matrix containing a single element only. A column vector is a (m × 1) matrix that has m number of rows but a single column only. A row vector is a (1 × n) matrix which has n number of columns and has only one row.
All the elements of a row vector are separated by blank spaces or commas and are enclosed in square brackets.
For example, a row vector q = [1 2 4] can be entered at the Command Window as follows:
|q = [1 2 4];|
|or||q = [1,2,4]|
All the elements of a column vector are separated by semicolons and are enclosed in square brackets. For example, a column vector q is entered, as follows:
q = [1; 2; 4];
Variable q is a column vector and has one ...