The concept of a matrix was introduced in 1850 by the English mathematician James Joseph Sylvestor.^{1} Two other English mathematicians namely William Rowan Hamilton^{2} (1853) and Arthur Cayley^{3} (1858) used matrices in the solution of systems of equations. Elementary transformations were used by German mathematicians Hermann Grassmann^{4} (1862) and Leopold Kronecker^{5} (1866) in the solution of systems of equations. The Theory of Matrices is important in engineering studies while dealing with systems of linear equations and in the study of linear transformations and in the solution of eigenvalue problems.

A set of *mn* real or complex numbers or functions displayed as ...

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