Computers communicate with each other using IP addresses, whether IPv4 or IPv6. However, it’s difficult for most people to remember the IP address for their favorite website or file server. They like using friendly, text-based names. Thus, naming systems are implemented to resolve the friendly names of computers with their assigned IP addresses. The Domain Name System (DNS) is the naming system that Windows Server 2012 R2 servers use. Not only does DNS help users to easily identify devices, but many other services such as Active Directory require DNS so that clients and servers can locate and communicate with domain controllers.
In this chapter, you will learn to: