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Mastering UNIX® Shell Scripting: Bash, Bourne, and Korn Shell Scripting for Programmers, System Administrators, and UNIX Gurus, Second Edition by Randal K. Michael

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Introduction

In UNIX there are many ways to accomplish the same task. Given a problem to solve, we may be able to get to a solution in any number of ways. Of course, some techniques will be more efficient, use fewer system resources, and may or may not give the user feedback on what is going on or give more accurate details and more precision to the result. In this book we are going to step through every detail of creating shell scripts to solve real-world UNIX problems and tasks. The shell scripts range from using a pseudo-random number generator to creating passwords using arrays to replicating data with rsync to working with record files. The scope of solutions is broad and detailed. The details required to write a good shell script include commenting each step for future reference. Other details include combining many commands together into a single command statement when desirable, separating commands on several lines of code when readability and understanding the concept may be diminished, and making a script readable and easy to maintain through the life cycle. We will see the benefits of variables and files to store data, show methods to strip out unneeded data from command output, and format data for a particular purpose. Additionally, we are going to show how to write and use functions in our shell scripts and demonstrate the benefits of functions over a shell script written without functions.

This book is intended for any flavor of UNIX, but it emphasizes the AIX, HP-UX, ...

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