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Mastering the Instructional Design Process by Stephen B. King, Marsha King, Bud Benscoter, William J. Rothwell

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Chapter ThirteenDesigning Learning Assessments

According to Instructional Design Competencies: The Standards (2013), instructional designers should be able to (Koszalka, Russ-Eft, and Reiser 2013, 54) “design learning assessment (advanced). This is an advanced competency and it includes three performance statements, two are essential and one is advanced.” They include: “(a) identify the learning processes and outcomes to be measured (essential); (b) construct reliable and valid methods of assessing learning and performance (advanced); (c) ensure that assessment is aligned with instructional goals, anticipated learning outcomes, and instructional strategies (essential)” (Koszalka, Russ-Eft, and Reiser 2013, 54).

This chapter provides additional information about this competency. It offers advice on how to identify the learning processes and outcomes to be measured, construct reliable and valid methods of assessing learning and performance, and ensure that assessment is aligned with instructional goals, anticipated learning outcomes, and instructional strategies.

Introduction

Instructional designers should usually develop performance measurements during or immediately following the preparation of performance objectives. Measurements of all kinds—sometimes called metrics—have been commanding attention in recent years. One reason has been growing demand by stockholders and stakeholders for accountability from all organizational levels. Another reason is that instructional designers ...

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