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Mastering the Instructional Design Process by Stephen B. King, Marsha King, Bud Benscoter, William J. Rothwell

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Chapter ElevenSelecting or Modifying Existing Instructional Materials

According to Instructional Design Competencies: The Standards (2013), instructional designers should be able to (Koszalka, Russ-Eft, and Reiser 2013, 51): “Select or modify existing instructional materials (essential). This is an essential competency and it includes four performance statements, two are essential and two are advanced.” The performance standards for this competency include: “(a) Identify and select materials that support the content analyses, proposed technologies, delivery methods, and instructional strategies (essential); (b) Conduct cost-benefit analyses to decide whether to use or modify existing materials (advanced); (c) Validate selection or modification of existing instruction (advanced); (d) Integrate existing instructional materials into the design (essential)” (Koszalka, Russ-Eft, and Reiser 2013, 51).

This chapter provides additional information about this competency. It offers advice on how to identify and select materials, conduct cost-benefit analysis, and validate the selection or modification of existing instruction.

Selecting, Developing, or Modifying Instructional Materials

When instructional designers select, develop, or modify instructional materials, they:

  1. Prepare a working outline.
  2. Conduct research.
  3. Examine existing instructional materials.
  4. Arrange or modify existing materials.

These four general steps are followed whether selecting, modifying, or developing instruction. ...

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