In this phase, we collect data from all the sources and dump them into a common repository, which can be any database system such as SQL Server, Oracle, and so on. Usually, an organization might have various applications to keep track of the data from various departments, and it is quite possible that all these applications might use a different database system to store the data. Thus, the staging phase is characterized by dumping the data from all the other data storage systems into a centralized repository.
This term is most common when we talk about data warehouse. As it is clear, ETL has the following three parts: