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Mastering SciPy by Francisco J. Blanco-Silva

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Non-linear equations and systems

In the solution of linear equations and systems, f(x) = 0, we had the choice of using either direct methods or iterative processes. A direct method in that setting was simply the application of an exact formula involving only the four basic operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. The issues with this method arise when cancellation occurs, mainly whenever sums and subtractions are present. Iterative methods, rather than computing a solution in a finite number of operations, calculate closer and closer approximations to the said solution, improving the accuracy with each step.

In the case of nonlinear equations, direct methods are seldom a good idea. Even when a formula is available, the presence ...

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