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Mastering Pro Tools® Effects: Getting the Most Out of Pro Tools’ Effects Processors by Jeremy Krug

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Refresher

Dynamics processors deal directly with the overall volume levels of audio clips, regions, channels, busses, and mixes. They are automatic volume controls that alter the relationship between the softest and loudest parts of a track. A formula is set up to determine how each processor should behave, the signal levels are measured, and a gain control is adjusted. Lots of numbers will go whizzing by in this chapter, including peak levels, averages, thresholds, makeup gain, and more. So let’s start with a quick reminder of what exactly all those numbers mean.

Fundamentals

What exactly is a decibel? For that matter, what is really going on with all these volume controls? Why is there one control that goes from −18dB to +18dB right next to ...

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