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MariaDB Crash Course by Ben Forta

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27. Globalization and Localization

In this chapter, you learn the basics of how MariaDB handles different character sets and languages.

Understanding Character Sets and Collation Sequences

Database tables are used to store and retrieve data. Different languages and character sets need to be stored and retrieved differently. As such, MariaDB needs to accommodate different character sets (different alphabets and characters) as well as different ways to sort and retrieve data.

When discussing multiple languages and characters sets, you will run into the following important terms:

Character sets are collections of letters and symbols.

Encodings are the internal representations of the members of a character set.

Collations are the instructions ...

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