MECHANICS OF METAL CUTTING
The final shapes of most mechanical parts are obtained by machining operations. Bulk deformation processes, such as forging and rolling, and casting processes are mostly followed by a series of metal-removing operations to achieve parts with desired shapes, dimensions, and surface finish quality. The machining operations can be classified under two major categories: cutting and grinding processes. The cutting operations are used to remove material from the blank. The subsequent grinding operations provide a good surface finish and precision dimensions to the part. The most common cutting ...