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Manned Spacecraft Design Principles by Pasquale M Sforza

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Chapter 12

Economic Aspects of Space Access

Abstract

Costs of previous manned spaceflight programs like Apollo and the Space Shuttle are discussed. Assessment of the general cost of spaceflight measured in terms of payload mass in orbit is carried out. The cost of manned spaceflight is evaluated on a component basis including development, production, flight operations, refurbishment, recovery, and insurance. General characteristics of the cost of various launch vehicle components are described.

Keywords

Manned spacecraft costs; cost estimating relationships; recurring and nonrecurring costs

12.1 Elements of Spacecraft Cost

Cost evaluation is of fundamental importance to the space access enterprise. The scale of the expenditures involved, which are ...

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