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Managing & Using MySQL, 2nd Edition by Hugh E. Williams, Randy Yarger, George Reese, Tim King

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Name

CREATE TABLE

Syntax

CREATE [TEMPORARY] TABLE [IF NOT EXISTS] table
(create_clause, ...) [table_options]
[[IGNORE|REPLACE] select]

Description

The CREATE TABLE statement defines the structure of a table within the database. This statement is how all MySQL tables are created. If the TEMPORARY keyword is used, the table exists only as long as the current client connection exists, or until you explicitly drop the table.

The IF NOT EXISTS clause tells MySQL to create the table only if the table does not already exist. If the table does exist, nothing happens. If the table exists and IF NOT EXISTS and TEMPORARY are not specified, an error will occur. If TEMPORARY is specified and the table exists but IF NOT EXISTS is not specified, the existing table will simply be invisible to this client for the duration of the new temporary table's life.

The CREATE clause can either define the structure of a specific column or define a meta-structure for the column. A CREATE clause that defines a column consists of the name of the new table followed by any number of field definitions. The syntax of a field definition is:

                     column type [NOT NULL | NULL] [DEFAULT value]
[AUTO_INCREMENT] [PRIMARY KEY] [reference]

MySQL supports the data types described in Chapter 16. The modifiers in this syntax are:

AUTO_INCREMENT

Indicates that the column should be automatically incremented using the current greatest value for that column. Only whole number columns may be auto-incremented.

DEFAULT value

This attribute ...

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