You are previewing Make: The Annotated Build-It-Yourself Science Laboratory.
O'Reilly logo
Make: The Annotated Build-It-Yourself Science Laboratory

Book Description

Raymond E. Barrett's Build-It-Yourself Science Laboratory is a classic book that took on an audacious task: to show young readers in the 1960s how to build a complete working science lab for chemistry, biology, and physics--and how to perform experiments with those tools. The experiments in this book are fearless and bold by today's standards--any number of the experiments might never be mentioned in a modern book for young readers! Yet, many from previous generations fondly remember how we as a society used to embrace scientific learning. This new version of Barrett's book has been updated for today's world with extensive notes about modern safety practices, suggestions on where to find the parts you need, and tips for building upon Barrett's ideas with modern technology.

Table of Contents

  1. Praise for The Annotated Build-It-Yourself Science Laboratory
  2. Foreword
  3. Getting Started
    1. On the Nature of This Annotated Edition
    2. Finding Materials
    3. Making versus Buying versus Printing
    4. Safety
      1. International Power and Units
    5. On Independent Thinking
    6. Cultural Influences
    7. Acknowledgements
      1. Additional Image and Data Sources
    8. Conventions Used in This Book
    9. Safari® Books Online
    10. How to Contact Us
  4. Original Preface
  5. Original Introduction
    1. Making The Classroom A Research Laboratory
    2. Organization of the Research Laboratory
    3. Organization of the Classroom Research Laboratory
    4. Chance for Pure Research
    5. Laboratory Tools and Equipment
    6. Selecting the Problem
    7. Answers to Problems:
  6. I. Chemistry
    1. 1. General Laboratory Equipment
      1. Science Laboratory Workbench
      2. Gravity Wash Bottle
      3. Light Bulb Chemistry Flask
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      4. Cutting Glass Tubing
      5. Bending Glass Tubing
      6. Graduated Cylinder And Chemistry Flask
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      7. Alcohol Burner
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      8. Broad Flame Alcohol Burner
      9. Pipette
      10. Mouth Pipette
      11. Blowtorch Type Of Alcohol Burner
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      12. Large Pipette-glass Blowing
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      13. Burette Clamp And Test Tube Holder
      14. Mason Jar Chemistry Flask
      15. Funnel
      16. String Filter
      17. Plant Pot Filter
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      18. Tripod And Adjustable Rings
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      19. Support Stand
      20. Ring Support For Support Stand And Test Tube Holder
      21. Bottle Etcher
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      22. Glass Cutter
      23. Bottle Cutter
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      24. Salt Water Rheostat
      25. Carbon Arc Furnace
      26. Adjustable Glass Bottle Etcher
      27. Test Tubes
      28. Test Tube Racks
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      29. Retort And Liebig Condenser
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      30. Distillation Condenser
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      31. Clothes Hanger Chemistry Stands - Filter Paper
      32. Graduated Beaker
      33. Stirring Rod
      34. Petri Dish
      35. Measuring Spoon
      36. Acid Bottle
      37. Wash Bottle
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      38. Asbestos Board
      39. Drilling Glass
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      40. Litmus Paper
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      41. Sensitive Gram Scale
      42. Metric Weights
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      43. Soda Straw Chemical Balance
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      44. Bridge For Pneumatic Trough
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      45. Thistle Tube
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      46. Hydrogen Generator
      47. Oxygen Generator
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      48. Chemical Source Of Hydrogen
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      49. Safety Gas Generator
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      50. X Connector
      51. T Tube
      52. Adjustable Clamp
      53. Crystal Coal Garden
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      54. Growing Crystal Candy
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      55. Growing Gem Crystals
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      56. Recipes For Growing Crystals
      57. Polarimeter
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      58. Hydrometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      59. Cartesian Diver
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      60. Problems To Investigate In The Study Of Chemistry
  7. II. Physics
    1. 2. Astronomy and Light
      1. Star Chart
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      2. Refracting Telescope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      3. Spectroscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      4. Astrolabe
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      5. Dip Circle Meter
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      6. Universal Sundial
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      7. Planetarium-model Of The Solar System
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      8. Umbrella Planetarium
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      9. Planetarium Projector
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      10. Foucault Pendulum
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      11. Sunspot Viewer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      12. Moon Range Finder
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      13. Water Faucet Vacuum Pump
      14. Vacuum Jar Pressure Gauge
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      15. Vacuum Pump
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      16. Vacuum Jar - Bell Jar
      17. Solar Furnace
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      18. Solar Distillation Apparatus
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      19. Constellarium
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      20. Problems To Investigate In The Study Of Astronomy And Light
    2. 3. Atomic Energy
      1. Radiometric dating
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      2. Spinthariscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      3. Dosimeter
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      4. Diffusion Cloud Chamber
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
    3. 4. Electricity and Magnetism
      1. Making A Magnet (or Recharging A Magnet)
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      2. Magnetometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      3. Needle Compass
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      4. Watch Spring Compass
      5. Columbus Compass
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      6. Iron Filings
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      7. Electroscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      8. Pith Ball Electroscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      9. Electronic Electroscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      10. Electrophorus
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      11. Leyden Jar
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      12. Solenoid
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      13. Lemon Battery
      14. Blotting Paper Battery
      15. Electric Cell
      16. Galvanoscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      17. Storage Battery
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      18. Mercury Switch
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      19. Safety Pin Switch
      20. Rheostat
      21. Push Button
      22. Pencil Rheostat
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      23. Current Reverser
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      24. Conductivity Tester
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      25. AC Or DC Power Supply
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      26. Variable Load
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      27. Lamp Bank Rectifier and Battery Charger
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      28. Carbon Rods - Carbon Electrodes
      29. Electrolysis Tank
      30. Test Tube Electric Motor
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      31. Bolt And Nut Motor
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      32. Door Bell
      33. Electric Buzzer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      34. Telegraph Key
      35. Telegraph Sounder
      36. Telegraph Solenoid Sounder
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      37. International Code
      38. Current Flow Indicator
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      39. Analog Computer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      40. Digital Computer
      41. Problems To Investigate In The Study Of Electricity And Magnetism
    4. 5. Force, Measurement, and Motion
      1. Spring Scale
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      2. Rubber Band Weighing Scales
      3. Meter Stick
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      4. Optical Micrometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      5. Centrifugal Force Indicator
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      6. Hand Stroboscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      7. Motorized Stroboscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      8. Water Hourglass
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      9. Stop Clock
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      10. Harmonograph
    5. 6. Geology
      1. General Equipment Needed For Geology
      2. Rock And Mineral Worksheet
      3. Specific Gravity Test
      4. Bead Test
      5. Special Properties
      6. Seismograph
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      7. Volcano
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
    6. 7. Meteorology (Weather)
      1. Anemometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      2. Rain Gauge
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      3. Wind Vane
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      4. Nephoscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      5. Beaufort Wind Scale
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      6. Wind Chill Table
      7. Balloon Barometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      8. Aneroid Barometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      9. Hair Hygrometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      10. Wet- And Dry-bulb Hygrometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      11. What Determines Weather
      12. Mercury Barometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      13. Chemical Weather Glass
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      14. Air Current Detector
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      15. Air Thermometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      16. Cloud Jar
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      17. Air Barometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      18. Convection Current Box
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      19. Sunshine Recorder
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      20. Radiometer
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      21. Weather Balloon
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      22. Problems To Investigate In The Study Of Meteorology (weather)
  8. III. Biology
    1. 8. General Biology Equipment
      1. Light Source For A Microscope
      2. Water Drop Magnifying Glass
      3. Eyedropper
      4. Low-power Microscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      5. Leeuwenhoek-type Microscope
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      6. Bacteria Garden
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      7. Micrograph
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      8. Polarized Light Filters
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      9. Microbiology Cultures
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      10. Growing Brine Shrimp
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      11. Microscope Slide Making
      12. Microtome
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      13. Precision Microtome
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      14. Animal Maze
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      15. Insect Net
      16. Killing Jar
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      17. Insect Mounting Box
      18. Quick Freeze Chamber
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      19. Chest Cavity
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      20. Metabolism Chamber
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      21. Aquarium
        1. Can You Work Like a Scientist?
      22. Terrarium
      23. Dissecting Needle
      24. Dissecting Pins
      25. Dissecting Knife
      26. Animal Cage
      27. Problems To Investigate In The Study Of Biology
  9. IV. Appendix
    1. A. Sourcing Chemicals and Materials
      1. Where To Buy Chemicals And Other Materials
    2. B. Weights and Measures
    3. C. Temperature Conversion table
    4. D. Table of the Elements
    5. E. Extended notes
      1. Note 1. Working with animals
      2. Note 2. Safety: Working with glass
      3. Note 3. Safety: Working with open flames
      4. Note 4. Safety: Working with hot glass
      5. Note 5. Baby bottles
      6. Note 6. About alcohols
      7. Note 7. Ditto fluid
      8. Note 8. Tin Cans
      9. Note 9. Mason jars
      10. Note 10. Safety: Exposed wiring
      11. Note 11. An alternative load for the carbon arc
      12. Note 12. Flashlight batteries
      13. Note 13. Safety: Sungazing and carbon arcs
      14. Note 14. Safety: Dry ice
      15. Note 15. Coin weights
      16. Note 16. Acids and the corner drug store
      17. Note 17. Safety: Working with chemicals
      18. Note 18. Mercurochrome
      19. Note 19. Density versus specific gravity
      20. Note 20. Moth balls
      21. Note 21. Carbon tetrachloride
      22. Note 22. Star charts (planispheres)
      23. Note 23. Planet charts
      24. Note 24. Lenses
      25. Note 25. Diffraction gratings
      26. Note 26. Mercury for a pressure gauge
      27. Note 27. A telescope to use
      28. Note 28. Radioactive sources
      29. Note 29. Diffusion Cloud Chamber
      30. Note 30. The No. 6 Dry Cell
      31. Note 31. Electronic Electroscopes
      32. Note 32. Building a “Mercury” Switch
      33. Note 33. A Transformer Versus a Load
      34. Note 34. A Filament Transformer
      35. Note 35. A Modern Bridge Rectifier
      36. Note 36. Current Flow Indicator
      37. Note 37. The digital computer
      38. Note 38. Centrifugal force?
      39. Note 39. Parts for the Motorized Stroboscope
      40. Note 40. Phonograph Stop Clock
      41. Note 41. Soldering to a tin can
      42. Note 42. Water barometers
      43. Note 43. The Chemical Weather Glass
      44. Note 44. Tethered Weather Balloon
      45. Note 45. On dissections
  10. About the Author
  11. Copyright