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Make: 3D Printing

Book Description

The 3D printing revolution is well upon us, with new machines appearing at an amazing rate. With the abundance of information and options out there, how are makers to choose the 3D printer that's right for them? MAKE is here to help, with our Ultimate Guide to 3D Printing. With articles about techniques, freely available CAD packages, and comparisons of printers that are on the market, this book makes it easy to understand this complex and constantly-shifting topic.

Table of Contents

  1. Preface
    1. Personal Fabrication
    2. Who This Book Is For
    3. Contents of This Book
    4. Conventions Used in This Book
    5. Using Examples
    6. Safari® Books Online
    7. How to Contact Us
  2. I. Hardware
    1. 1. Getting Started with a 3D Printer
      1. Choosing a Printer
      2. Buying Options: Turnkey, Kit, or DIY
      3. Software
        1. Generating STL files
        2. Slice
        3. Fixup
      4. Your First Print Job
      5. 3D Printer Anatomy
        1. 3D Positioning System
        2. 3D Printer Parts
        3. Choosing a Filament
      6. Next Steps: What to Make
    2. 2. 3D Printer Guide
      1. The Challenge Prints
        1. Snake
        2. Owl Statue
        3. Nautilus Gears
        4. Dimension Torture Test
      2. Afinia H-Series
      3. Bukobot 8
      4. Cube
      5. Felix 1.0
      6. MakerGear M2
      7. Printrbot Jr. (v1)
      8. Replicator 2
      9. Solidoodle 2
      10. Type A Series
      11. Ultimaker
  3. II. Software
    1. 3. Software for 3D Printing
      1. 3D Modeling/CAD Software
      2. Slicing/CAM Software
      3. Printer Control/Client Software
      4. What Next?
    2. 4. 3D Design for the Complete Beginner
      1. 1. Create a Tinkercad Account
      2. 2. Make a Hole
      3. 3. Make the Robot Head
      4. 4. Align the Head and the Hole
      5. 5. Combine the Head and Hole into a Single Object
      6. 6. Make the Head Hollow
      7. 7. Make Your Robot’s Mouth
      8. 8. Make Your Robot’s Eyes
    3. 5. Getting Started with Slic3r
      1. Step 1: Name Your Profile
      2. Step 2: Print Settings
        1. Perimeters and Solid Layers
        2. Infill
        3. Speed
        4. The Skirt
        5. Support Material
        6. Notes and Miscellaneous Settings
        7. Advanced Settings
      3. Step 3: Filament Settings
        1. Cooling
      4. Step 4: Printer Settings
        1. Custom G-Code
        2. Extruder Settings
        3. Retraction
      5. Step 5: Return to the Plater
        1. Working with Multiple STLs
        2. Have Fun!
  4. III. 3D Scanning
    1. 6. Creating and Repairing 3D Scans
      1. What Is 3D Scanning?
        1. Limitations
      2. 123D Catch
        1. 123D Catch Tips
        2. Taking Photos with 123D Catch
        3. Uploading Your Photos to the Cloud
        4. Downloading Your Mesh
      3. ReconstructMe
        1. Installing ReconstructMe
        2. Tips for Reconstructing Yourself (or Someone Else)
      4. Cleaning and Repairing Scans for 3D Printing
        1. netfabb
        2. Autodesk MeshMixer
        3. MeshLab
        4. Pleasant3D
      5. Repairing Most Scans
        1. Repair and Clean Up in netfabb
        2. Smoothing Out the Surface of Meshes
        3. Removing Bumps and Blobs with MeshMixer
        4. Final Cleanup/Repair in netfabb
        5. Print Your Model
      6. Repairing Relief Scans by Capping
        1. Fixing Holes, Non-Manifold Areas, and Disconnected Components
        2. Closing Large Areas of Missing Mesh
      7. Scan Your World
    2. 7. Print Your Head in 3D!
      1. 1. Register with Autodesk 123D
      2. 2. Take Digital Photos of Your Head
      3. 3. Create a New Capture
      4. 4. Open Your 3D Model
      5. 5. Edit Your 3D Model
      6. 6. Make It “Watertight”
      7. 7. Embellish It (Optional)
      8. 8. Share Your Model (Optional)
      9. 9. Save Your Final Model as a Printable File (Optional)
      10. 10. 3D Print Your Head!
  5. IV. Materials
    1. 8. Plastics for 3D Printing
      1. Polylactic Acid (PLA)
      2. Polylactic Acid (Soft/Flexible PLA)
      3. LAYWOO-D3
      4. LAYBRICK
      5. Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)
      6. High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS)
      7. Nylon
      8. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)
      9. Polycarbonate (PC)
      10. High-density Polyethylene (HDPE)
      11. Polycaprolactone PCL
      12. Polyvinyl Alcohol (PVA)
    2. 9. Industrial Materials and Methods
      1. Composites and Ceramics
      2. Plastics
        1. Stereolithography (SLA)
        2. Selective Laser Sintering (SLS)
        3. Photopolymer Jetting
      3. Metals
        1. Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS)
        2. Direct Metal Printing
        3. Indirect Printing Methods
  6. V. Services
    1. 10. 3D Printing Without a Printer
    2. 11. Service Providers
      1. Upload Files and Order Prints
        1. Shapeways
        2. Ponoko
        3. Sculpteo
        4. i.materialise
        5. Kraftwurx
        6. Staples (partnering with Mcor)
      2. Makers Producing Parts Locally
        1. makexyz
        2. 3D Hubs
      3. Find Me a Printer
        1. Print Chomp
      4. Professional-Grade Services
        1. ZoomRP.com
        2. RedEye
        3. 3D Factory
      5. Boutique 3DP Design and Printing
        1. 3dPhacktory
        2. Solid-Ideas
  7. VI. Finishing Techniques
    1. 12. How to Dye Your 3D Prints
      1. 1. Gather Your Materials
      2. 2. Soak Your Pieces
      3. 3. Add Color
      4. 4. Rinse
      5. 5. Dry
      6. 6. Show It Off!
    2. 13. Post-Processing Your Prints
      1. Tools and Materials
      2. Tricks of the Trade
      3. Friction Welding
      4. Friction Welding Mismatched Surfaces
        1. 1. Prepare the Rotary Tool
        2. 2. Prepare Two Parts for Welding
        3. 3. Tack-Weld the Parts in Position
        4. 4. Plug Gaps with Filament
        5. 5. Friction Weld the Seam
      5. Friction Welding to Repair a PLA Model
      6. Riveting: Friction Welding Blind Rivets
      7. Using Filament to Make Solid Rivets and Hinges
      8. Gluing and Filling: Creating ABS Slurry for Filler and Glue
      9. Sanding 3D-Printed Plastic Parts
    3. 14. Weathering Your Prints
      1. 1. Pick a BaseCoat
      2. 2. Pick a Metallic Paint for Worn Edges
      3. 3. Start Drybrushing over the Piece
      4. 4. Add Bigger Scrapes and Chipped Areas
      5. 5: Add Dirt and Grunge
      6. 6. That’s It!
  8. VII. Applications
    1. 15. The Promise of 3D Printing
    2. 16. 3D Printed Gallery
      1. Practical Objects
      2. 3D Products Now on the Market
      3. 3D Printing in Medicine
      4. Novel and Artistic Prints
    3. 17. Dream Machine
    4. 18. Desert Manufacturer
    5. 19. How I Printed a Humanoid
      1. Lessons Learned
      2. DIY vs. Commercial
      3. What’s Next
  9. VIII. Other Ways to Make 3D Objects
    1. 20. Milling 3D Objects
      1. The Subtractive Equivalent of 3DP
      2. What Do You Want to Make?
      3. DIY CNC
        1. Plans Avaliable from Buildyourcnc.com
      4. Even More Mills
        1. Othermill
        2. Shapeoko 2
      5. Linear Motion Systems
        1. MakerSlide
        2. OpenBeam
        3. OpenBuilds
    2. 21. White Chocolate Skulls in PLA Trays
      1. Bill of Materials
      2. 1. Print the Mold Maker on a 3D Printer
      3. 2. Mix and Pour the Smooth-Sil 940
      4. 3. Demold
      5. 4. Add Slits to the Mold
      6. 5. Extract the Soy Lecithin from the Softgels
      7. 6. Melt The Chocolate
        1. Bamboo Steamer + Glass Bowl
        2. Bamboo Steamer + Squeeze Bottle (Best Way)
      8. 7. Let the Chocolate Cool
      9. 8. Pour the Chocolate into the Mold
      10. 9. Put the Mold in the Refrigerator
      11. 10. While Waiting, Start Printing the Candy Trays
      12. 11. Carefully Demold the Chocolate
    3. 22. Printcrime
    4. A. 3D Printing Resources
      1. Software for Makers
        1. 3D CAD
        2. Mesh Repair and Manipulation
        3. 3D Printer Frontends
      2. Slicing Software
      3. 3D Model Repositories
        1. Free 3D Model Downloads
        2. Paid 3D Model Downloads
      4. 3D Printer History
      5. Learn to Dial in Your Printer
      6. Books
        1. Design and Modeling for 3DP
        2. 3D Printing and the Maker Movement
      7. Whitepapers
      8. 3DP News
      9. Physical Destinations
        1. Machine Access and Education
        2. Brick and Mortar Stores
      10. Printers, Filament, and Parts
      11. Conferences
  10. Index
  11. Colophon
  12. Copyright