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macOS Sierra: The Missing Manual

Book Description

With Sierra, Apple brings never-before-seen features to macOS—like Siri voice control, file sharing across all your iOS devices, picture-in-picture mode for iTunes and Safari, and AI photo search. Once again, David Pogue brings his humor and expertise to the #1 bestselling Mac book.

Whether you’re a developer or a home-user, this guide offers a wealth of detail on Apple’s OS X 10.12 operating system, this new edition covers everything Sierra has to offer.

Table of Contents

  1. MacOS Sierra: The Missing Manual®The book that should have been in the box®
  2. The Missing Credits
    1. About the Author
    2. About the Creative Team
    3. Acknowledgments
      1. About The Missing Manuals
  3. 1. Introduction
    1. What’s New in Sierra
    2. About This Book
      1. About the Outline
      2. About→These→Arrows
      3. About MissingManuals.com
    3. The Very Basics
  4. I. The macOS Desktop
    1. 2. Folders, Windows & Finder Tabs
      1. Getting into macOS
        1. Logging In
        2. The Elements of the macOS Desktop
          1. The Dock
          2. The menu
          3. The menu bar
          4. Disk icons on the desktop
      2. Windows and How to Work Them
        1. The Sidebar
          1. Fine-tuning the Sidebar
        2. Title Bar
        3. Close Button
        4. Minimize Button
        5. Full Screen Button
        6. The Folder Proxy Icon
        7. The Finder Toolbar
        8. Two Clicks, One Window
        9. Old Finder Mode
        10. Scroll Bars
        11. Resizable Edges
        12. Insta–Full Screen
        13. Snappable Windows
        14. Path Bar
        15. Status Bar
      3. The Four Window Views
      4. Icon View
        1. Icon Size
        2. Icon Previews
        3. Icon-View Options
          1. Always open in icon view
          2. Browse in icon view
          3. Arrange By, Sort By
          4. Icon size
          5. Grid spacing
          6. Text size
          7. Label position
          8. Show item info
          9. Show icon preview
          10. Background
          11. Use as Defaults
        4. Arrange By and Sort By
          1. Arranging
          2. Sorting
          3. Free dragging—and grid spacing
      5. List View
        1. Sorting the List
        2. Arranging the List
        3. Flippy Triangles
        4. Your Choice of Columns
        5. Other View Options
        6. Rearranging Columns
        7. Adjusting Column Widths
      6. Column View
        1. Column View by Keyboard
        2. Manipulating the Columns
        3. Grouping the Column Contents
        4. View Options
      7. Cover Flow View
      8. Keep Folders on Top
      9. The Preview Pane
      10. Quick Look
        1. What Quick Look Knows
        2. The Quick Look Slideshow
        3. Fun with Quick Look
      11. Finder Tabs
        1. Creating Tabs
        2. Using Tabs
        3. Tab Management
      12. Tabs in Other Apps
      13. Logging Out, Shutting Down
        1. Sleep Mode
        2. Restart
        3. Shut Down
        4. The “Reopen windows” Option
        5. Log Out
      14. Getting Help in macOS
    2. 3. Organizing Your Stuff
      1. The macOS Folder Structure
        1. Your Home Folder
        2. What’s on Your Hard Drive
        3. What’s in Your Home Folder
      2. Icon Names
        1. Rename One File
        2. Renaming Batches of Files
      3. Selecting Icons
        1. Selecting by Clicking
        2. Selecting Icons from the Keyboard
      4. Moving and Copying Icons
        1. Copying by Dragging
        2. Copying or Moving with Copy and Paste
        3. Dragging from the Title Bar
        4. Spring-Loaded Folders: Dragging Icons into Closed Folders
        5. Making Spring-Loaded Folders Work
      5. Aliases: Icons in Two Places at Once
        1. What’s Good About Aliases
        2. Broken Aliases
      6. Finder Tags
        1. What Tags Are Good For
        2. Creating Tags
        3. Editing Tag Names and Colors
        4. Two Sets of Favorites Tags
        5. Applying Tags
        6. Using Tags
        7. Detagging Files
      7. The Trash
        1. Rescuing Files and Folders from the Trash
        2. Emptying the Trash I: Quick and Easy
        3. Emptying the Trash II: Even Easier
        4. Locked Files: The Next Generation
      8. Get Info
        1. Uniwindow vs. Multiwindow
        2. The Get Info Panels
      9. Shortcut Menus, Action Menus
        1. New Folder with Selection
        2. Share
      10. Optimized Storage
        1. Store in iCloud
        2. Optimize
        3. Empty Trash Automatically
        4. Reduce Clutter
        5. More to Delete
    3. 4. Spotlight
      1. The Spotlight Menu
        1. Searching Your Mac
        2. Searching the Internet
        3. Calculations and Conversions
        4. The Preview Pane
        5. Opening a Result
        6. Spotlight Results Tips
        7. Advanced Menu Searches
          1. Use quotes
          2. Limit by kind
          3. Limit by recent date
          4. Limit by tag
          5. Limit by metadata
          6. Boolean searches
      2. The Searching Window
        1. From Spotlight
        2. From the Finder
        3. The Basic Search
          1. Where to look
          2. The suggestions list
        4. Power Searches with Tokens
        5. Power Searching the Old Way
          1. Kind
          2. Last opened date/Last modified date/Created date
          3. Name
          4. Contents
          5. Other
        6. What to Do with Search Results
      3. Customizing Spotlight
        1. Privacy Settings
      4. Smart Folders
    4. 5. Dock, Desktop & Toolbars
      1. The Dock
      2. Setting Up the Dock
        1. Organizing and Removing Dock Icons
        2. Pop-Up Dock Folders (“Stacks”)
          1. Fan vs. grid vs. list
        3. The Finer Points of Pop-Up Dock Folders
        4. Three Ways to Get the Dock Out of Your Hair
          1. Auto-hiding the Dock
          2. Shrinking and enlarging the Dock
          3. Moving the Dock to the sides of the screen
      3. Using the Dock
        1. Switch Applications
        2. Operate the Dock by Keyboard Control
        3. Secret Menus
        4. Conduct Speed Tests
        5. Drag and Drop
        6. Do Your Filing
        7. Great Things to Put in Your Dock
      4. The Finder Toolbar
        1. Hiding or Shrinking the Toolbar
        2. Customizing the Icons on the Toolbar
          1. Apple’s toolbar-icon collection
          2. Adding your own stuff
        3. Rearranging or Removing Toolbar Icons
      5. Designing Your Desktop
        1. System Preferences
        2. Graphic Designers’ Corner: The Gray Look
        3. Dark Menu Bar and Dock
        4. Desktop Sounds
      6. Menulets: The Missing Manual
  5. II. Programs in macOS
    1. 6. Documents, Programs & Mission Control
      1. The Mac App Store
      2. Other Ways to Get Mac Software
        1. Downloading Compressed Files
          1. Disk images (.dmg files)
          2. Performing the installation
        2. Uninstalling Software
      3. Opening macOS Programs
      4. Launchpad
        1. Redesigning the Launchpad Screens
        2. Folders
        3. Deleting App Store Programs
      5. Windows That Auto-Reopen
      6. The Application Menu
        1. Quitting Programs
        2. Force Quitting Programs
      7. The “Heads-Up” Program Switcher
      8. Full Screen Mode
      9. Split Screen Mode
        1. Starting Split Screen Mode, Method 1
        2. Starting Split Screen Mode, Method 2
        3. Exiting Split Screen Mode
      10. Mission Control: Death to Window Clutter
        1. Starting and Stopping Mission Control
          1. Mission Control keystrokes
          2. Screen corners
        2. Managing Windows in Mission Control
      11. Spaces (Virtual Desktops)
        1. Creating a Desktop
        2. Switching Spaces
        3. Deleting a Desktop
        4. The Finer Points of Spaces
        5. Two Eccentric Spaces Settings
      12. Dashboard
        1. Turn on the Dashboard Feature
        2. Opening the Dashboard
        3. Using Dashboard
        4. The Widget Browser
        5. Dashboard Tips
        6. Dashboard Preferences
        7. Widget Catalog
        8. More Widgets
      13. Exposé
        1. One-App Exposé
        2. Desktop Exposé
        3. Exposé Tip-O-Rama
      14. Hiding Programs the Old-Fashioned Way
        1. Hiding the Program You’re Using
        2. Hiding All Other Programs
        3. The Bring-Forward, Hide-All-Others Trick
        4. Hiding (Minimizing) Individual Windows
      15. How Documents Know Their Parents
        1. Reassigning Documents to Programs
          1. Reassigning a certain document—just once
          2. Reassigning a certain document—permanently
          3. Reassigning all documents of one type
      16. Keyboard Control
        1. Control the Menus
        2. Control the Dock
        3. Cycle Through Your Windows
        4. Control Tool Palettes
        5. Control Menulets
        6. Control Dialog Boxes
        7. Changing a Menu Keyboard Shortcut
        8. Redefining a Keystroke
      17. The Save and Open Dialog Boxes
        1. Sheets
        2. The Mini-Finder
        3. Insta-Jumping to a Folder Location
        4. The File Format Pop-Up Menu
        5. The Open Dialog Box
      18. Auto Save and Versions
        1. Versions
          1. Rewinding to an earlier version
          2. Revert
      19. iCloud Drive
        1. iCloud Drive Defined
        2. Putting Files onto the iCloud Drive
        3. iCloud Drive on Other Devices
        4. iCloud Desktop & Documents
      20. The Cocoa Advantage
        1. The Fonts Panel
        2. Retina Friendliness
        3. Title Bar Tricks
        4. Background Window Control
        5. Cool Text-Selection Tricks
        6. Secret Keyboard Shortcuts
    2. 7. Data: Typing, Sharing & Backing Up
      1. The Mac Keyboard
        1. The Complicated Story of the Function Keys
      2. The Touch Bar + Fingerprint Reader
        1. The Fingerprint Sensor
        2. The Control Strip
        3. Customizing the Touch Bar
        4. QuickType on the Touch Bar
      3. Notes on Right-Clicking
      4. Power Typing
        1. The Spelling and Grammar Checker
        2. Text Substitution (Abbreviation Expansion)
          1. Insert the proper typographical symbols
          2. Replace abbreviations with much longer phrases
        3. Auto-Periods, Auto-Caps
        4. Case Swapping
      5. The Many Languages of macOS Text
        1. Formats
        2. Input Sources
        3. The Character Viewer
        4. Keyboard Viewer
      6. Ink: Handwriting Recognition
      7. Data Detectors
      8. Moving Data Between Documents
        1. Cut, Copy, and Paste
        2. Drag-and-Drop
          1. When to use drag-and-drop
          2. Drag-and-drop to the desktop
        3. Export/Import
      9. Exchanging Data with Other Macs
        1. By Network
        2. By Email
        3. Using Dropbox
        4. Via iCloud Drive
        5. By CD or DVD
        6. FireWire Disk Mode/Thunderbolt Disk Mode (Target Disk Mode)
        7. Via Flash Drive
        8. Via Bluetooth
          1. Sending a file
          2. Fetching a file
      10. Exchanging Data with Windows PCs
        1. Preparing the Document for Transfer
          1. Is the document in a file format Windows understands?
          2. Does the file have the correct file name suffix?
        2. Notes on Disk Swapping
        3. Network Notes
        4. Via the Internet
      11. The Share Button
        1. Editing the Share Menu
      12. Time Machine
        1. Setting Up Time Machine
        2. How the Backups Work
        3. Local Snapshots
        4. Changing Time Machine Settings
        5. Recovering Lost or Changed Files
          1. Recovering from Contacts and Mail
          2. Recovering the entire hard drive
          3. Recovering to another Mac
        6. Frequently Asked Questions
    3. 8. Dictation & Siri
      1. Dictation
        1. Dictation Step by Step
        2. Punctuation
        3. Enhanced Dictation
        4. Speech Settings
      2. Siri on the Mac
      3. How to Use Siri
      4. How to Use “Hey, Siri”
      5. What to Say to Siri
        1. When Things Go Wrong
        2. Siri’s Personality
        3. What to Do with Siri’s Results
      6. Advanced Siri
        1. Teach Siri About Your Relationships
        2. Fix Siri’s Name Comprehension
        3. Siri Settings
      7. The Mac Reads to You
        1. Setting Up the Mac’s Voice
          1. Announce when alerts are displayed or applications need your attention
          2. Speak selected text when the key is pressed
    4. 9. Mac+iPhone: Continuity & AirDrop
      1. Mac as Speakerphone
        1. And if It’s Not Working
      2. Texting from the Mac
      3. Instant Hotspot
      4. Handoff
      5. AirDrop
      6. The Universal Clipboard
      7. Apple Watch Login
  6. III. The Components of macOS
    1. 10. System Preferences
      1. The System Preferences Window
        1. Choosing a Preferences Pane
        2. Hiding the Icons You Never Use
      2. Accessibility
        1. General
        2. VoiceOver
        3. Zoom
        4. Display
        5. Speech
        6. Descriptions
        7. Captions
        8. Audio
        9. Dictation
        10. Keyboard
        11. Mouse & Trackpad
        12. Switch Control
        13. Dwell Control
      3. App Store
      4. Bluetooth
        1. Pairing
        2. Advanced Options
        3. The Bluetooth Menulet
      5. CDs & DVDs
      6. Date & Time
        1. Date & Time Tab
        2. Time Zone Tab
        3. Clock Tab
      7. Desktop & Screen Saver
        1. Desktop Pictures
          1. Using your own pictures
          2. Making the picture fit
          3. Auto picture changing
        2. Screen Saver
          1. Slideshows
          2. Nonphotographic displays
          3. Activating the screensaver
      8. Displays
        1. Display Tab
        2. Arrangement Tab (Multiple Monitors)
          1. The wired way
          2. The wireless way
        3. The Arrangement Tab
        4. Color Tab
        5. Options Tab
      9. Dock
      10. Energy Saver
        1. Sleep Sliders
        2. Checkbox Options
        3. Scheduled Startup and Shutdown
      11. Extensions
      12. General
        1. Changing Colors
        2. Sidebar Icon Size
        3. Tweaking the Scroll Bars
        4. Default Web Browser
        5. Ask to Keep Changes When Closing Documents
        6. Close Windows When Quitting an App
        7. Number of Recent Items
        8. Allow Handoff Between This Mac and Your iCloud Devices
        9. Use LCD Font Smoothing When Available
      13. iCloud
      14. Internet Accounts
      15. Keyboard
        1. Keyboard Tab
        2. Text Tab
        3. Shortcuts Tab
        4. Input Sources
        5. Dictation
      16. Language & Region
      17. Mission Control
      18. Mouse
        1. Scroll Direction
        2. Secondary Click
        3. Tracking Speed
        4. Smart Zoom
      19. Network
      20. Notifications
      21. Parental Controls
      22. Printers & Scanners
      23. Security & Privacy
      24. Sharing
      25. Siri
      26. Sound
        1. Sound Effects Tab
        2. Output Tab
        3. Input Tab
      27. Spotlight
      28. Startup Disk
      29. Time Machine
      30. Touch ID
        1. Fingerprints for Apps, Websites, and Apple Pay
      31. Trackpad
        1. Point & Click
        2. Scroll & Zoom
        3. More Gestures
        4. The Force Touch Trackpad
          1. Force click
          2. Variable pressure
          3. “Notch” clicks
      32. Users & Groups
    2. 11. Notifications
      1. Insta-Respond to Bubbles
      2. Shutting Up the Bubbles
        1. Dismiss One Bubble
        2. Do Not Disturb (Manual)
        3. Do Not Disturb (Automatic)
      3. The Notification Center
        1. Today Tab
        2. Notifications Tab
        3. Customizing the Notification Center
        4. Messaging, Tweeting, or Facebooking
    3. 12. The Free Programs of macOS
      1. Your Free Programs
      2. App Store
      3. Automator
      4. Calculator
        1. Conversions
      5. Calendar
        1. Working with Views
        2. Making an Appointment
          1. The mousy way
          2. The Quick Event way
          3. Location, alarms, travel time, and other details
        3. What to Do with an Appointment
          1. Editing events
          2. Rescheduling events
          3. Lengthening or shortening events
          4. Printing events
          5. Searching for events
          6. Deleting events
        4. The “Calendar” Category Concept
        5. “Publishing” Calendars to the Web
          1. Publishing
          2. Subscribing
        6. Google, Yahoo, and Facebook Calendars
        7. Syncing Calendar with Your iPhone, iPad, and Other Computers
      6. Chess
        1. Playing a Game of Chess
        2. Chess Prefs
        3. Studying Your Games
      7. Contacts
      8. Dashboard
      9. Dictionary
      10. DVD Player
      11. FaceTime
        1. Placing a Call
        2. FaceTime Audio Calls
        3. Receiving Calls
      12. Font Book
      13. GarageBand
      14. iBooks
        1. Downloading Books
        2. ePub Files
        3. PDF Files
        4. Your Library
        5. Reading
        6. Notes, Highlighting, and Other Options
        7. iBooks Settings
          1. General tab
          2. Store tab
          3. Parental tab
      15. Image Capture
        1. Import To:
        2. Import Some, Import All
        3. Scanning
          1. More power to you
      16. iMovie
      17. iPhoto
      18. iTunes
        1. Your Stuff
        2. Four Ways to Fill Your Library
        3. Playlists
          1. Smart playlists
          2. Editing and deleting playlists
        4. Apple Music
        5. iTunes Store
          1. Music
          2. TV, movies, and movie rentals
          3. Podcasts
          4. iTunes U
          5. Audiobooks
          6. Apps
        6. Internet Radio
        7. Authorizing Computers
        8. Syncing an iPad or iPhone
          1. Connecting the phone with a cable
          2. Connecting over Wi-Fi
        9. Playing with Playback
          1. Turning on the Visualizer
          2. Keyboard control
          3. Playing with the graphic equalizer
      19. Launchpad
      20. Mail
      21. Maps
        1. Meet Maps
        2. Finding Yourself
        3. Searching the Maps
        4. The Details Screen
        5. Bookmarks, Recents, Contacts
        6. Finding Friends and Businesses
        7. Directions
        8. Public Transportation
        9. Traffic
        10. Flyover
        11. Flyover Tours
      22. Messages
      23. Mission Control
      24. Notes
        1. Creating a Note
        2. Collaborative Notes
        3. Locking Notes
        4. Pinning Notes
        5. The Attachments Browser
        6. Notes Folders
        7. Notes Accounts
      25. Numbers, Pages
      26. Photo Booth
        1. Still Photos
        2. 4-Up Photos
        3. Movies
        4. Exporting Shots and Movies
      27. Photos
        1. The Layout
          1. The time groupings
          2. The Sidebar
        2. Faces
        3. Places
        4. Memories
        5. Instant Slideshows
        6. Opening Photos
        7. Editing Photos
          1. More control sliders
        8. The Rest of Photos
      28. Preview
        1. Importing Camera Photos
        2. Operating Your Scanner
        3. Multiple Pages, Multiple Views
        4. Preview as Graphics Viewer
          1. Bunches o’ graphics
          2. Cropping graphics
          3. Fixing up photos
          4. Converting file formats
        5. Preview as PDF Reader
        6. Annotations and Drawing Tools
        7. Signing PDF Documents with Your Real Signature
        8. Fill in PDF Forms
        9. The Toolbar
      29. Reminders
        1. The Details Bubble
        2. The Calendar of Deadline Hell
        3. Lists
        4. Syncing Reminders
      30. QuickTime Player
      31. Safari
      32. Stickies
        1. Creating Sticky Notes
        2. Growing and Shrinking Notes
        3. Formatting Notes
        4. Saving Sticky Notes
      33. System Preferences
      34. TextEdit
        1. TextEdit’s Two Personalities
        2. Working in TextEdit
        3. Style Sheets
        4. Tables
        5. TextEdit as Web Designer
        6. TextEdit Preferences
        7. TextEdit’s Other Writing Tools
      35. Time Machine
      36. Utilities: Your macOS Toolbox
        1. Activity Monitor
          1. The list of processes
          2. The System Monitor tabs
        2. AirPort Utility
        3. Audio MIDI Setup
        4. Bluetooth File Exchange
        5. Boot Camp Assistant
          1. Installing Boot Camp
          2. Using Boot Camp
          3. Forth and back, Windows/Mac
          4. Keyboard translation guide
          5. Accessing Mac files from the Dark Side—and vice versa
        6. ColorSync Utility
        7. Console
        8. DigitalColor Meter
        9. Disk Utility
          1. Disk Utility, the hard drive repair program
          2. Disk Utility, the disk-image program
        10. Grab
        11. Grapher
        12. Keychain Access
        13. Migration Assistant
        14. Network Utility
        15. Script Editor
        16. System Information
          1. Saving a report
        17. Terminal
        18. VoiceOver Utility
  7. IV. The Technologies of macOS
    1. 13. Accounts, Security & Gatekeeper
      1. Introducing Accounts
        1. The First Account
      2. Creating an Account
        1. Phase 1: Choose an Account Type
          1. Administrator accounts
          2. Standard accounts
          3. Managed accounts with Parental Controls
          4. Sharing Only account
          5. The Guest account
          6. Group
        2. Phase 2: Name, Password, and Status
        3. Phase 3: Choose a Picture
        4. Phase 4: Login Items (Startup Items)
      3. Parental Controls
        1. Apps Tab
        2. Web Tab
        3. Stores Tab
        4. Time Tab
        5. Privacy Tab
        6. Other Tab
          1. Simple Finder
      4. Editing Accounts
        1. Deleting Accounts
      5. Setting Up the Login Process
      6. Signing In, Logging Out
        1. Identifying Yourself
        2. Logging Out
        3. Logout Options
      7. Sharing Across Accounts
      8. Fast User Switching
      9. macOS and Security
        1. Two-Factor Authentication
        2. Gatekeeper
        3. FileVault
        4. The Firewall
        5. The Password Assistant
        6. The Keychain
          1. Locking and unlocking the Keychain
          2. Managing Keychain
          3. Multiple Keychains
          4. Keychain files
      10. Five Privacy Shields
        1. Location Services
        2. Contacts, Calendars, Reminders
        3. Twitter, Facebook
        4. Accessibility
        5. Diagnostic and Usage Data
    2. 14. Networking, File Sharing & AirDrop
      1. Wiring the Network
        1. Ethernet Networks
        2. Wi-Fi Networks
        3. Cell Networks
        4. FireWire Networks
      2. File Sharing: Three Ways
      3. AirDrop
        1. Sending by AirDrop
        2. Eight Reasons AirDrop Might Seem Not to Work
        3. Receiving a File by AirDrop
      4. Sharing Your Public Folder
      5. Sharing Any Folder
        1. The Get Info Method
        2. The System Preferences Method
      6. Accessing Shared Files
        1. Connection Method A: Use the Sidebar
        2. Connection Method B: Connect to Server
        3. Disconnecting Yourself
        4. Disconnecting Others
      7. Networking with Windows
        1. Seated at the Mac, Seeing the PC
        2. Seated at the PC, Seeing the Mac
        3. More Mac-Windows Connections
      8. Screen Sharing
        1. Other Mac: Give Permission in Advance
        2. Your Mac: Take Control
        3. The Toolbar
        4. Variations on Screen Sharing
          1. Screen sharing through Messages
          2. Screen sharing the manual way
          3. Screen sharing with Back to My Mac
      9. More Dialing In from the Road
    3. 15. Graphics, Fonts & Printing
      1. Mac Meets Printer
        1. Setting Up a Printer
        2. Printer Preferences
      2. Making the Printout
        1. Printing
      3. Managing Printouts
      4. Printer Sharing
      5. Faxing
      6. PDF Files
        1. Opening PDF Files
        2. Creating PDF Files
      7. Fonts—and Font Book
        1. Where Fonts Live
        2. Font Book: Installing and Managing Fonts
          1. Looking over your fonts
          2. Printing a reference sheet
          3. Eliminating duplicates
          4. Adding, removing, and hiding fonts
          5. Font collections
          6. Smart collections
          7. Font libraries
          8. Exporting fonts
        3. The Fonts Panel
          1. Choosing fonts from the Fonts panel
          2. Designing collections and favorites
      8. ColorSync
        1. Getting ColorSync Profiles
        2. Default Profiles
        3. More on ColorSync
      9. Graphics in macOS
        1. Graphics Formats on the Mac
      10. Screen-Capture Keystrokes
        1. The Whole Screen
        2. One Section of the Screen
        3. A Dialog Box, Menu, Window, or Icon
    4. 16. Movies & Sound
      1. QuickTime Player
        1. Fancy Playback Tricks
        2. Editing Movies
        3. Recording Movies with QuickTime Player
        4. Recording Screen Movies from the Mac
        5. Recording Movies from an iPhone or iPad Screen
        6. Internet Streaming QuickTime
        7. Streaming Video from Your Browser
        8. Ways to Export Your Video
          1. Post to YouTube, Vimeo, Flickr, Facebook
          2. Send to email, Messages, AirDrop
          3. Saving the finished movie
      2. Playing Sounds
        1. Controlling the Volume
        2. Alert Beeps and You
          1. Choosing an alert beep
          2. Adding new alert beeps
      3. Recording Sounds
        1. Making the Recording
  8. V. macOS Online
    1. 17. Internet Setup & iCloud
      1. The Best News You’ve Heard All Day
      2. Network Central and Multihoming
        1. Multihoming
      3. Broadband Connections
        1. Automatic Configuration
        2. Manual Configuration
        3. Ethernet Connections
        4. Wi-Fi Connections
        5. Commercial Hotspots
      4. Cellular Modems
      5. Tethering (Personal Hotspot)
      6. Dial-Up Modem Connections
      7. Switching Locations
        1. Creating a New Location
        2. Making the Switch
      8. Internet Sharing
        1. Turning On Internet Sharing
      9. Meet iCloud
      10. iCloud Drive
      11. Photos
        1. iCloud Photo Library
        2. My Photo Stream
        3. iCloud Photo Sharing
      12. Email Address
      13. Data Synchronization
      14. Find My Mac, Find My iPhone
      15. Family Sharing
        1. Setting Up Family Sharing
        2. Life in Family Sharing
      16. Back to My Mac
      17. Apple Pay on the Web
      18. More iCloud Features
        1. Automatic Backup
        2. Continuity
        3. Books, Music, Apps, Movies: The Locker in the Sky
    2. 18. Mail & Contacts
      1. Setting Up Mail
        1. Importing Old Mail
      2. Checking Your Mail
        1. The Mailboxes List
      3. Tailoring the Look of Mail
        1. Tweaking the Three-Column Layout
        2. Tweaking the Classic Layout
        3. The Toolbar
      4. Writing Messages
        1. Attaching Files to Messages
        2. Mail Drop: Sending Huge Attachments
        3. Marking Up, Signing, and Drawing on Attachments
        4. Signatures
      5. Stationery
      6. Reading Email
        1. Filters
        2. Conversation View
        3. Adding the Sender to Contacts
        4. Data Detectors
        5. Opening File Attachments
        6. Replying to a Message
        7. Forwarding Messages
        8. Redirecting Messages
        9. Printing Messages
        10. Filing Messages
        11. Flagging Messages
        12. Mark as Read/Unread
        13. Finding Messages
        14. Deleting Messages
          1. Emptying the Trash folder
          2. Turning deleted mail invisible
          3. Archiving messages
        15. Exporting Mailboxes
        16. Message Rules
          1. Setting up message rules
      7. VIPs
      8. The Anti-Spam Toolkit
        1. Using the Junk Mail Filter
        2. More Anti-Spam Tips
      9. Contacts
        1. Importing Addresses
          1. Importing from Yahoo, Google, Exchange, or another Internet service
          2. Importing from another address-book program
          3. About vCards
        2. Creating Address Cards
          1. Editing an address
          2. Adding addresses from Mail
        3. Groups
          1. Smart groups
          2. Removing someone from a group
        4. Adding Pictures
          1. Replacing and removing a picture
          2. Free headshots from Facebook
        5. Finding an Address
        6. Changing the Contacts Display
        7. Printing Options
        8. Contacts Backups
    3. 19. Safari
      1. The Unified Address/Search Bar
        1. Searching the Web
        2. Address/Search Bar Tips
      2. Bookmarks, Favorites, and Top Sites
        1. Adding a Bookmark
        2. Organizing Bookmarks in the Sidebar
        3. Organizing Bookmarks in the Editor
        4. Favorites View
        5. Favorites Bar
        6. Top Sites
      3. Full Screen and Gestures
      4. Scrolling
      5. Five Ways to Magnify a Page
      6. Customizing the Toolbar
      7. Saved Passwords: The iCloud Keychain
        1. Memorized Contact Information
        2. Memorized Passwords
        3. Synchronized Passwords
        4. Auto-Filled-In Credit Cards
        5. Setting Up iCloud Keychain
          1. Set up the first Mac
          2. Adding another Mac to your iCloud Keychain
          3. Adding an iOS gadget to your iCloud Keychain
        6. Auto-Generated Passwords
      8. Tabbed Browsing
        1. Tab View
          1. iCloud tabs
        2. Pinned Tabs
      9. Tips for Better Surfing
        1. The Reading List
        2. The Download Manager
        3. Status Bar
        4. Reader
        5. Keyboard Control
        6. Graphics Worth Saving
        7. Expanding Web Forms
        8. Saving Web Pages to Disk
        9. Sending a Page to a Friend
        10. Designate Your Start Page
        11. Finding Text on Web Pages
        12. The History Menu
        13. PDF Pages Online
        14. Shared Links
        15. RSS Subscriptions
        16. Picture-in-Picture Video
      10. Privacy and Security Features
        1. Erasing Your History
        2. Private Browsing
        3. Cookie Control—and Privacy Control
        4. Stifle Pop-Ups and Pop-Unders
    4. 20. Messages
      1. Welcome to Messages
      2. Setting Up Messages
      3. Let the Chat Begin
      4. iMessages
      5. Other Chat Networks
        1. The Buddies List
          1. Filling your buddies list
          2. Broadcasting your status
          3. Sorting and sizing your friends
        2. Your icons
        3. In-Chat Fun
        4. Group Chats
        5. Audio and Video Chats
      6. Sharing Your Screen
        1. iCloud Screen Sharing
        2. Screen Sharing with Non-iCloud Accounts
    5. 21. FTP, SSH, VPN & Web Sharing
      1. FTP
        1. Uploading and Downloading from FTP Sites
        2. Just Downloading from FTP Sites
      2. Connecting from the Road
      3. Remote Access with SSH
        1. Getting In
        2. Remote Control Program Killing
      4. Virtual Private Networking
        1. Setting Up the VPN Connection
        2. Connecting to a VPN
        3. The Fine Points of VPN
  9. VI. Appendixes
    1. A. Installing macOS Sierra
      1. Hardware Requirements
      2. The Standard Installation
      3. The Setup Assistant
        1. After Installing over an Older Version
        2. After Installing onto a Blank Drive
      4. The Homemade Installer Disk
        1. How to Use Your Emergency Disk
    2. B. Troubleshooting
      1. Slowdowns and Fans
      2. Minor Eccentric Behavior
        1. First Resort: Repair the Disk
        2. Second Resort: Look for an Update
        3. Third Resort: Toss the Prefs File
        4. Fourth Resort: Restart
        5. Last Resort: Trash and Reinstall the Program
      3. Frozen Programs (Force Quitting)
      4. Application Won’t Open
      5. Startup Problems
        1. Kernel Panic
        2. Safe Mode (Safe Boot)
        3. Gray Screen During Startup
        4. Forgotten Password
      6. Recovery Mode: Three Emergency Disks
        1. The Recovery HD
        2. Internet Recovery
        3. Physical Recovery Disks
      7. Fixing the Disk
        1. Method 1: Disk Utility
        2. Method 2: fsck at the Console
          1. Single-user mode (-S at startup)
      8. Where to Get Troubleshooting Help
        1. Help Online
        2. Help by Telephone
    3. C. The Windows-to-Mac Dictionary
      1. About [this program]
      2. Accessibility Options control panel
      3. Active Desktop
      4. Add Hardware control panel
      5. Add or Remove Programs control panel
      6. All Programs
      7. Alt key
      8. Automatic Update
      9. Backspace key
      10. BIOS
      11. Calculator
      12. Camera and Scanner Wizard
      13. CDs and DVDs
      14. Character Map
      15. Clean Install
      16. Clipboard
      17. Command line
      18. Control Panel
      19. Copy, Cut, Paste
      20. Ctrl key
      21. Date and Time
      22. Delete Key (Forward Delete)
      23. Desktop
      24. Directories
      25. Disk Defragmenter
      26. Disks
      27. Display control panel
      28. DLL files
      29. DOS prompt
      30. Drivers
      31. End Task dialog box
      32. Exiting programs
      33. Explorer
      34. Favorites
      35. File Sharing
      36. Folder Options
      37. Fonts
      38. Help and Support
      39. Hibernation
      40. Internet Explorer
      41. Internet Options
      42. Java
      43. Keyboard control panel
      44. Logging in
      45. Mail control panel
      46. Maximize button
      47. Menus
      48. Minimize button
      49. Mouse control panel
      50. (My) Computer
      51. (My) Documents, (My) Music, (My) Pictures
      52. (My) Network Places
      53. Notepad
      54. Personal Web Server
      55. Phone and Modem Options control panel
      56. Power Options
      57. Printer Sharing
      58. Printers and Faxes
      59. PrntScrn key
      60. Program Files folder
      61. Properties dialog box
      62. Recycle Bin
      63. Regional and Language Options control panel
      64. Registry
      65. Run command
      66. Safe Mode
      67. ScanDisk
      68. Scheduled Tasks
      69. Scrap files
      70. Screensaver
      71. Search
      72. Shortcut menus
      73. Shortcuts
      74. Start menu
      75. StartUp folder
      76. System control panel
      77. System tray
      78. Taskbar
      79. “Three-fingered salute”
      80. Tooltips
      81. User Accounts control panel
      82. Windows (or WINNT) folder
      83. Windows logo key
      84. Windows Media Player
      85. Windows Messenger
      86. WordPad
      87. Zip files
    4. D. The Master Secret Keystroke List
      1. Startup Keystrokes
      2. Speech Recognition
      3. In the Finder
      4. Menu
      5. Finder Menu
      6. File Menu
      7. Edit Menu
      8. View Menu
      9. Go Menu
      10. Window Menu
      11. Help Menu
      12. Power Keys
      13. The Dock
      14. Managing Programs
      15. Dialog Boxes
      16. Trackpad Gestures
      17. Magic Mouse Gestures
  10. Index
  11. About the Author
  12. Colophon
  13. E. O’Reilly®: Answers found here!
  14. Copyright