You are previewing LTE – The UMTS Long Term Evolution From Theory to Practice, Second Edition.
O'Reilly logo
LTE – The UMTS Long Term Evolution From Theory to Practice, Second Edition

Book Description

"Where this book is exceptional is that the reader will not just learn how LTE works but why it works"

Adrian Scrase, ETSI Vice-President, International Partnership Projects

Following on the success of the first edition, this book is fully updated, covering the latest additions to LTE and the key features of LTE-Advanced.

This book builds on the success of its predecessor, offering the same comprehensive system-level understanding built on explanations of the underlying theory, now expanded to include complete coverage of Release 9 and the developing specifications for LTE-Advanced. The book is a collaborative effort of more than 40 key experts representing over 20 companies actively participating in the development of LTE, as well as academia. The book highlights practical implications, illustrates the expected performance, and draws comparisons with the well-known WCDMA/HSPA standards. The authors not only pay special attention to the physical layer, giving an insight into the fundamental concepts of OFDMA-FDMA and MIMO, but also cover the higher protocol layers and system architecture to enable the reader to gain an overall understanding of the system.

Key New Features:

  • Comprehensively updated with the latest changes of the LTE Release 8 specifications, including improved coverage of Radio Resource Management RF aspects and performance requirements

  • Provides detailed coverage of the new LTE Release 9 features, including: eMBMS, dual-layer beamforming, user equipment positioning, home eNodeBs / femtocells and pico cells and self-optimizing networks

  • Evaluates the LTE system performance

  • Introduces LTE-Advanced, explaining its context and motivation, as well as the key new features including: carrier aggregation, relaying, high-order MIMO, and Cooperative Multi-Point transmission (CoMP).

  • Includes an accompanying website containing a complete list of acronyms related to LTE and LTE-Advanced, with a brief description of each (http://www.wiley.com/go/sesia_theumts)

This book is an invaluable reference for all research and development engineers involved in implementation of LTE or LTE-Advanced, as well as graduate and PhD students in wireless communications. Network operators, service providers and R&D managers will also find this book insightful.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title page
  3. Title page
  4. Copyright page
  5. Dedication
  6. Editors’ Biographies
  7. List of Contributors
  8. Foreword
  9. Preface to the Second Edition
  10. Acknowledgements
  11. List of Acronyms
  12. Chapter 1: Introduction and Background
    1. 1.1 The Context for the Long Term Evolution of UMTS
    2. 1.2 Requirements and Targets for the Long Term Evolution
    3. 1.3 Technologies for the Long Term Evolution
    4. 1.4 From Theory to Practice
    5. References
  13. Part I: Network Architecture and Protocols
    1. Chapter 2: Network Architecture
      1. 2.1 Introduction
      2. 2.2 Overall Architectural Overview
      3. 2.3 Protocol Architecture
      4. 2.4 Quality of Service and EPS Bearers
      5. 2.5 The E-UTRAN Network Interfaces: S1 Interface
      6. 2.6 The E-UTRAN Network Interfaces: X2 Interface
      7. 2.7 Summary
      8. References
    2. Chapter 3: Control Plane Protocols
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Radio Resource Control (RRC)
      3. 3.3 PLMN and Cell Selection
      4. 3.4 Paging
      5. 3.5 Summary
      6. References
    3. Chapter 4: User Plane Protocols
      1. 4.1 Introduction to the User Plane Protocol Stack
      2. 4.2 Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP)
      3. 4.3 Radio Link Control (RLC)
      4. 4.4 Medium Access Control (MAC)
      5. 4.5 Summary of the User Plane Protocols
      6. References
  14. Part II: Physical Layer for Downlink
    1. Chapter 5: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA)
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 OFDM
      3. 5.3 OFDMA
      4. 5.4 Parameter Dimensioning
      5. 5.5 Summary
      6. References
    2. Chapter 6: Introduction to Downlink Physical Layer Design
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Transmission Resource Structure
      3. 6.3 Signal Structure
      4. 6.4 Introduction to Downlink Operation
      5. References
    3. Chapter 7: Synchronization and Cell Search
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Synchronization Sequences and Cell Search in LTE
      3. 7.3 Coherent Versus Non-Coherent Detection
      4. References
    4. Chapter 8: Reference Signals and Channel Estimation
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Design of Reference Signals in the LTE Downlink
      3. 8.3 RS-Aided Channel Modelling and Estimation
      4. 8.4 Frequency-Domain Channel Estimation
      5. 8.5 Time-Domain Channel Estimation
      6. 8.6 Spatial-Domain Channel Estimation
      7. 8.7 Advanced Techniques
      8. References
    5. Chapter 9: Downlink Physical Data and Control Channels
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Downlink Data-Transporting Channels
      3. 9.3 Downlink Control Channels
      4. References
    6. Chapter 10: Link Adaptation and Channel Coding
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Link Adaptation and CQI Feedback
      3. 10.3 Channel Coding
      4. 10.4 Conclusions
      5. References
    7. Chapter 11: Multiple Antenna Techniques
      1. 11.1 Fundamentals of Multiple Antenna Theory
      2. 11.2 MIMO Schemes in LTE
      3. 11.3 Summary
      4. References
    8. Chapter 12: Multi-User Scheduling and Interference Coordination
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 General Considerations for Resource Allocation Strategies
      3. 12.3 Scheduling Algorithms
      4. 12.4 Considerations for Resource Scheduling in LTE
      5. 12.5 Interference Coordination and Frequency Reuse
      6. 12.6 Summary
      7. References
    9. Chapter 13: Broadcast Operation
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 Broadcast Modes
      3. 13.3 Overall MBMS Architecture
      4. 13.4 MBMS Single Frequency Network Transmission
      5. 13.5 MBMS Characteristics
      6. 13.6 Radio Access Protocol Architecture and Signalling
      7. 13.7 Public Warning Systems
      8. 13.8 Comparison of Mobile Broadcast Modes
      9. References
  15. Part III: Physical Layer for Uplink
    1. Chapter 14: Uplink Physical Layer Design
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 SC-FDMA Principles
      3. 14.3 SC-FDMA Design in LTE
      4. 14.4 Summary
      5. References
    2. Chapter 15: Uplink Reference Signals
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 RS Signal Sequence Generation
      3. 15.3 Sequence-Group Hopping and Planning
      4. 15.4 Cyclic Shift Hopping
      5. 15.5 Demodulation Reference Signals (DM-RS)
      6. 15.6 Uplink Sounding Reference Signals (SRS)
      7. 15.7 Summary
      8. References
    3. Chapter 16: Uplink Physical Channel Structure
      1. 16.1 Introduction
      2. 16.2 Physical Uplink Shared Data Channel Structure
      3. 16.3 Uplink Control Channel Design
      4. 16.4 Multiplexing of Control Signalling and UL-SCH Data on PUSCH
      5. 16.5 ACK/NACK Repetition
      6. 16.6 Multiple-Antenna Techniques
      7. 16.7 Summary
      8. References
    4. Chapter 17: Random Access
      1. 17.1 Introduction
      2. 17.2 Random Access Usage and Requirements in LTE
      3. 17.3 Random Access Procedure
      4. 17.4 Physical Random Access Channel Design
      5. 17.5 PRACH Implementation
      6. 17.6 Time Division Duplex (TDD) PRACH
      7. 17.7 Concluding Remarks
      8. References
    5. Chapter 18: Uplink Transmission Procedures
      1. 18.1 Introduction
      2. 18.2 Uplink Timing Control
      3. 18.3 Power Control
      4. References
  16. Part IV: Practical Deployment Aspects
    1. Chapter 19: User Equipment Positioning
      1. 19.1 Introduction
      2. 19.2 Assisted Global Navigation Satellite System (A-GNSS) Positioning
      3. 19.3 Observed Time Difference Of Arrival (OTDOA) Positioning
      4. 19.4 Cell-ID-based Positioning
      5. 19.5 LTE Positioning Protocols
      6. 19.6 Summary and Future Techniques
      7. References
    2. Chapter 20: The Radio Propagation Environment
      1. 20.1 Introduction
      2. 20.2 SISO and SIMO Channel Models
      3. 20.3 MIMO Channel Models
      4. 20.4 Radio Channel Implementation for Conformance Testing
      5. 20.5 Concluding Remarks
      6. References
    3. Chapter 21: Radio Frequency Aspects
      1. 21.1 Introduction
      2. 21.2 Frequency Bands and Arrangements
      3. 21.3 Transmitter RF Requirements
      4. 21.4 Receiver RF Requirements
      5. 21.5 RF Impairments
      6. 21.6 Summary
      7. References
    4. Chapter 22: Radio Resource Management
      1. 22.1 Introduction
      2. 22.2 Cell Search Performance
      3. 22.3 Mobility Measurements
      4. 22.4 UE Measurement Reporting Mechanisms and Requirements
      5. 22.5 Mobility Performance
      6. 22.6 RRC Connection Mobility Control Performance
      7. 22.7 Radio Link Monitoring Performance
      8. 22.8 Concluding Remarks
      9. References
    5. Chapter 23: Paired and Unpaired Spectrum
      1. 23.1 Introduction
      2. 23.2 Duplex Modes
      3. 23.3 Interference Issues in Unpaired Spectrum
      4. 23.4 Half-Duplex System Design Aspects
      5. 23.5 Reciprocity
      6. References
    6. Chapter 24: Picocells, Femtocells and Home eNodeBs
      1. 24.1 Introduction
      2. 24.2 Home eNodeB Architecture
      3. 24.3 Interference Management for Femtocell Deployment
      4. 24.4 RF Requirements for Small Cells
      5. 24.5 Summary
      6. References
    7. Chapter 25: Self-Optimizing Networks
      1. 25.1 Introduction
      2. 25.2 Automatic Neighbour Relation Function (ANRF)
      3. 25.3 Self-Configuration of eNodeB and MME
      4. 25.4 Automatic Configuration of Physical Cell Identity
      5. 25.5 Mobility Load Balancing Optimization
      6. 25.6 Mobility Robustness Optimization
      7. 25.7 Random Access CHannel (RACH) Self-Optimization
      8. 25.8 Energy Saving
      9. 25.9 Emerging New SON Use Cases
      10. References
    8. Chapter 26: LTE System Performance
      1. 26.1 Introduction
      2. 26.2 Factors Contributing to LTE System Capacity
      3. 26.3 LTE Capacity Evaluation
      4. 26.4 LTE Coverage and Link Budget
      5. 26.5 Summary
      6. References
  17. Part V: LTE-Advanced
    1. Chapter 27: Introduction to LTE-Advanced
      1. 27.1 Introduction and Requirements
      2. 27.2 Overview of the Main Features of LTE-Advanced
      3. 27.3 Backward Compatibility
      4. 27.4 Deployment Aspects
      5. 27.5 UE Categories for LTE-Advanced
      6. References
    2. Chapter 28: Carrier Aggregation
      1. 28.1 Introduction
      2. 28.2 Protocols for Carrier Aggregation
      3. 28.3 Physical Layer Aspects
      4. 28.4 UE Transmitter and Receiver Aspects
      5. 28.5 Summary
      6. References
    3. Chapter 29: Multiple Antenna Techniques for LTE-Advanced
      1. 29.1 Downlink Reference Signals
      2. 29.2 Uplink Reference Signals
      3. 29.3 Downlink MIMO Enhancements
      4. 29.4 Uplink Multiple Antenna Transmission
      5. 29.5 Coordinated MultiPoint (CoMP) Transmission and Reception
      6. 29.6 Summary
      7. References
    4. Chapter 30: Relaying
      1. 30.1 Introduction
      2. 30.2 Theoretical Analysis of Relaying
      3. 30.3 Relay Nodes in LTE-Advanced
      4. 30.4 Summary
      5. References
    5. Chapter 31: Additional Features of LTE Release 10
      1. 31.1 Introduction
      2. 31.2 Enhanced Inter-Cell Interference Coordination
      3. 31.3 Minimization of Drive Tests
      4. 31.4 Machine-Type Communications
      5. References
    6. Chapter 32: LTE-Advanced Performance and Future Developments
      1. 32.1 LTE-Advanced System Performance
      2. 32.2 Future Developments
      3. References
  18. Index