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LTE for UMTS: Evolution to LTE-Advanced, 2nd Edition

Book Description

Written by experts actively involved in the 3GPP standards and product development, LTE for UMTS, Second Edition gives a complete and up-to-date overview of Long Term Evolution (LTE) in a systematic and clear manner. Building upon on the success of the first edition, LTE for UMTS, Second Edition has been revised to now contain improved coverage of the Release 8 LTE details, including field performance results, transport network, self optimized networks and also covering the enhancements done in 3GPP Release 9. This new edition also provides an outlook to Release 10, including the overview of Release 10 LTE-Advanced technology components which enable reaching data rates beyond 1 Gbps.

Key updates for the second edition of LTE for UMTS are focused on the new topics from Release 9 & 10, and include:

  • LTE-Advanced;

  • Self optimized networks (SON);

  • Transport network dimensioning;

  • Measurement results.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgements
  7. List of Abbreviations
  8. Chapter 1: Introduction
    1. 1.1 Mobile Voice Subscriber Growth
    2. 1.2 Mobile Data Usage Growth
    3. 1.3 Evolution of Wireline Technologies
    4. 1.4 Motivation and Targets for LTE
    5. 1.5 Overview of LTE
    6. 1.6 3GPP Family of Technologies
    7. 1.7 Wireless Spectrum
    8. 1.8 New Spectrum Identified by WRC-07
    9. 1.9 LTE-Advanced
  9. Chapter 2: LTE Standardization
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Overview of 3GPP Releases and Process
    3. 2.3 LTE Targets
    4. 2.4 LTE Standardization Phases
    5. 2.5 Evolution Beyond Release 8
    6. 2.6 LTE-Advanced for IMT-Advanced
    7. 2.7 LTE Specifications and 3GPP Structure
    8. References
  10. Chapter 3: System Architecture Based on 3GPP SAE
    1. 3.1 System Architecture Evolution in 3GPP
    2. 3.2 Basic System Architecture Configuration with only E-UTRAN Access Network
    3. 3.3 System Architecture with E-UTRAN and Legacy 3GPP Access Networks
    4. 3.4 System Architecture with E-UTRAN and Non-3GPP Access Networks
    5. 3.5 Inter-working with cdma2000® Access Networks
    6. 3.6 IMS Architecture
    7. 3.7 PCC and QoS
    8. References
  11. Chapter 4: Introduction to OFDMA and SC-FDMA and to MIMO in LTE
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 LTE Multiple Access Background
    3. 4.3 OFDMA Basics
    4. 4.4 SC-FDMA Basics
    5. 4.5 MIMO Basics
    6. 4.6 Summary
    7. References
  12. Chapter 5: Physical Layer
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 Transport Channels and their Mapping to the Physical Channels
    3. 5.3 Modulation
    4. 5.4 Uplink User Data Transmission
    5. 5.5 Downlink User Data Transmission
    6. 5.6 Uplink Physical Layer Signaling Transmission
    7. 5.7 PRACH Structure
    8. 5.8 Downlink Physical Layer Signaling Transmission
    9. 5.9 Physical Layer Procedures
    10. 5.10 UE Capability Classes and Supported Features
    11. 5.11 Physical Layer Measurements
    12. 5.12 Physical Layer Parameter Configuration
    13. 5.13 Summary
    14. References
  13. Chapter 6: LTE Radio Protocols
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Protocol Architecture
    3. 6.3 The Medium Access Control
    4. 6.4 The Radio Link Control Layer
    5. 6.5 Packet Data Convergence Protocol
    6. 6.6 Radio Resource Control (RRC)
    7. 6.7 X2 Interface Protocols
    8. 6.8 Understanding the RRC ASN.1 Protocol Definition
    9. 6.9 Early UE Handling in LTE
    10. 6.10 Summary
    11. References
  14. Chapter 7: Mobility
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 Mobility Management in Idle State
    3. 7.3 Intra-LTE Handovers
    4. 7.4 Inter-system Handovers
    5. 7.5 Differences in E-UTRAN and UTRAN Mobility
    6. 7.6 Summary
    7. References
  15. Chapter 8: Radio Resource Management
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Overview of RRM Algorithms
    3. 8.3 Admission Control and QoS Parameters
    4. 8.4 Downlink Dynamic Scheduling and Link Adaptation
    5. 8.5 Uplink Dynamic Scheduling and Link Adaptation
    6. 8.6 Interference Management and Power Settings
    7. 8.7 Discontinuous Transmission and Reception (DTX/DRX)
    8. 8.8 RRC Connection Maintenance
    9. 8.9 Summary
    10. References
  16. Chapter 9: Self Organizing Networks (SON)
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 SON Architecture
    3. 9.3 SON Functions
    4. 9.4 Self-Configuration
    5. 9.5 Self-Optimization and Self-Healing Use Cases
    6. 9.6 3GPP Release 10 Use Cases
    7. 9.7 Summary
    8. References
  17. Chapter 10: Performance
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 Layer 1 Peak Bit Rates
    3. 10.3 Terminal Categories
    4. 10.4 Link Level Performance
    5. 10.5 Link Budgets
    6. 10.6 Spectral Efficiency
    7. 10.7 Latency
    8. 10.8 LTE Refarming to GSM Spectrum
    9. 10.9 Dimensioning
    10. 10.10 Capacity Management Examples from HSPA Networks
    11. 10.11 Summary
    12. References
  18. Chapter 11: LTE Measurements
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 Theoretical Peak Data Rates
    3. 11.3 Laboratory Measurements
    4. 11.4 Field Measurement Setups
    5. 11.5 Artificial Load Generation
    6. 11.6 Peak Data Rates in the Field
    7. 11.7 Link Adaptation and MIMO Utilization
    8. 11.8 Handover Performance
    9. 11.9 Data Rates in Drive Tests
    10. 11.10 Multi-user Packet Scheduling
    11. 11.11 Latency
    12. 11.12 Very Large Cell Size
    13. 11.13 Summary
    14. References
  19. Chapter 12: Transport
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Protocol Stacks and Interfaces
    3. 12.3 Transport Aspects of Intra-LTE Handover
    4. 12.4 Transport Performance Requirements
    5. 12.5 Transport Network Architecture for LTE
    6. 12.6 Quality of Service
    7. 12.7 Transport Security
    8. 12.8 Synchronization from Transport Network
    9. 12.9 Base Station Co-location
    10. 12.10 Summary
    11. References
  20. Chapter 13: Voice over IP (VoIP)
    1. 13.1 Introduction
    2. 13.2 VoIP Codecs
    3. 13.3 VoIP Requirements
    4. 13.4 Delay Budget
    5. 13.5 Scheduling and Control Channels
    6. 13.6 LTE Voice Capacity
    7. 13.7 Voice Capacity Evolution
    8. 13.8 Uplink Coverage
    9. 13.9 Circuit Switched Fallback for LTE
    10. 13.10 Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SR-VCC)
    11. 13.11 Summary
    12. References
  21. Chapter 14: Performance Requirements
    1. 14.1 Introduction
    2. 14.2 Frequency Bands and Channel Arrangements
    3. 14.3 eNodeB RF Transmitter
    4. 14.4 eNodeB RF Receiver
    5. 14.5 eNodeB Demodulation Performance
    6. 14.6 User Equipment Design Principles and Challenges
    7. 14.7 UE RF Transmitter
    8. 14.8 UE RF Receiver Requirements
    9. 14.9 UE Demodulation Performance
    10. 14.10 Requirements for Radio Resource Management
    11. 14.11 Summary
    12. References
  22. Chapter 15: LTE TDD Mode
    1. 15.1 Introduction
    2. 15.2 LTE TDD Fundamentals
    3. 15.3 TDD Control Design
    4. 15.4 Semi-persistent Scheduling
    5. 15.5 MIMO and Dedicated Reference Signals
    6. 15.6 LTE TDD Performance
    7. 15.7 Evolution of LTE TDD
    8. 15.8 LTE TDD Summary
    9. References
  23. Chapter 16: LTE-Advanced
    1. 16.1 Introduction
    2. 16.2 LTE-Advanced and IMT-Advanced
    3. 16.3 Requirements
    4. 16.4 3GPP LTE-Advanced Study Phase
    5. 16.5 Carrier Aggregation
    6. 16.6 Downlink Multi-antenna Enhancements
    7. 16.7 Uplink Multi-antenna Techniques
    8. 16.8 Heterogeneous Networks
    9. 16.9 Relays
    10. 16.10 Release 11 Outlook
    11. 16.11 Conclusions
    12. References
  24. Chapter 17: HSPA Evolution
    1. 17.1 Introduction
    2. 17.2 Discontinuous Transmission and Reception (DTX/DRX)
    3. 17.3 Circuit Switched Voice on HSPA
    4. 17.4 Enhanced FACH and RACH
    5. 17.5 Downlink MIMO and 64QAM
    6. 17.6 Dual Cell HSDPA and HSUPA
    7. 17.7 Multicarrier and Multiband HSDPA
    8. 17.8 Uplink 16QAM
    9. 17.9 Terminal Categories
    10. 17.10 Layer 2 Optimization
    11. 17.11 Single Frequency Network (SFN) MBMS
    12. 17.12 Architecture Evolution
    13. 17.13 Summary
    14. References
  25. Index