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LTE-Advanced

Book Description

This book is an in-depth, systematic and structured technical reference on 3GPP's LTE-Advanced (Releases 10 and 11), covering theory, technology and implementation, written by an author who has been involved in the inception and development of these technologies for over 20 years.

The book not only describes the operation of individual components, but also shows how they fit into the overall system and operate from a systems perspective. Uniquely, this book gives in-depth information on upper protocol layers, implementation and deployment issues, and services, making it suitable for engineers who are implementing the technology into future products and services.

Reflecting the author's 25 plus years of experience in signal processing and communication system design, this book is ideal for professional engineers, researchers, and graduate students working in cellular communication systems, radio air-interface technologies, cellular communications protocols, advanced radio access technologies for beyond 4G systems, and broadband cellular standards.



  • An end-to-end description of LTE/LTE-Advanced technologies using a top-down systems approach, providing an in-depth understanding of how the overall system works
  • Covers all essential system functionalities, features, and their inter-connections based on a clear protocol structure
  • Includes methodologies and results related to link-level and system-level evaluations of LTE-Advanced
  • Provides understanding and insight into the advanced underlying technologies in LTE-Advanced up to and including Release 11: multi-antenna signal processing, OFDM, carrier aggregation, coordinated multi-point transmission and reception, eICIC, multi-radio coexistence, E-MBMS, positioning methods, real-time and non-real-time wireless multimedia applications

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Preface
  6. Acknowledgments
  7. Abbreviations and Acronyms
  8. Chapter 1. Introduction to LTE-Advanced
    1. 1.1 Background on IMT-Advanced standards development
    2. 1.2 Requirements for the IMT-Advanced systems
    3. 1.3 Introduction to 3GPP standards
    4. 1.4 Evolution of 3GPP standards
    5. 1.5 A perspective on the future trends in cellular networks
    6. References
  9. Chapter 2. Network Architecture
    1. 2.1 Overall network architecture
    2. 2.2 EPC architecture
    3. 2.3 Roaming architecture and interworking with other networks
    4. 2.4 E-UTRAN architecture
    5. 2.5 E-MBMS architecture
    6. 2.6 Positioning network architecture
    7. 2.7 Mobility management
    8. 2.8 Radio resource management
    9. 2.9 Quality of service/quality of experience
    10. 2.10 Security in E-UTRAN
    11. 2.11 Support of voice and messaging services in LTE/LTE-Advanced
    12. 2.12 LIPA, selected IP traffic offload, and IP flow mobility
    13. 2.13 Mobile IP
    14. 2.14 Network architecture evolution and small cells
    15. References
  10. Chapter 3. E-UTRAN and EPC Protocol Structure
    1. 3.1 EPS reference model and protocol structure
    2. 3.2 E-UTRAN and NAS protocols
    3. 3.3 LTE-Uu interface protocols
    4. 3.4 Support for relay nodes
    5. 3.5 Support for HeNB nodes
    6. References
  11. Chapter 4. System Operation and UE States
    1. 4.1 General UE behavior
    2. 4.2 UE initialization procedure (cell search and cell selection)
    3. 4.3 EPS connection and mobility management
    4. 4.4 UE states
    5. 4.5 Network attach procedures
    6. 4.6 Data call establishment procedures
    7. 4.7 Mobility procedures
    8. 4.8 Overview of IP packet processing procedures
    9. References
  12. Chapter 5. Radio Resource Control Functions
    1. 5.1 RRC states and state transitions
    2. 5.2 RRC connection management
    3. 5.3 RRC mobility management
    4. 5.4 Measurements and measurement reporting
    5. 5.5 RRC procedures
    6. 5.6 RRC timers and constants
    7. 5.7 RRC message structure
    8. References
  13. Chapter 6. Packet Data Convergence Protocol Functions
    1. 6.1 Ciphering and integrity protection functions
    2. 6.2 Header compression
    3. 6.3 Robust header compression
    4. 6.4 PDCP PDU packet formats
    5. 6.5 LTE security aspects
    6. References
  14. Chapter 7. Radio Link Control Functions
    1. 7.1 RLC architecture
    2. 7.2 RLC transfer modes
    3. 7.3 RLC ARQ procedure
    4. 7.4 RLC PDU packet formats
    5. 7.5 RLC variables, constants, and timers
    6. References
  15. Chapter 8. Medium Access Control Functions
    1. 8.1 MAC architecture and services
    2. 8.2 Logical and transport channel mapping
    3. 8.3 Downlink/uplink data transfer
    4. 8.4 DRX operation
    5. 8.5 MAC control elements
    6. 8.6 MAC PDU packet formats
    7. 8.7 MAC scheduling services
    8. 8.8 RNTI mapping
    9. 8.9 Random access procedure
    10. References
  16. Chapter 9. Downlink Physical Layer Functions
    1. 9.1 Overview of downlink physical layer processing
    2. 9.2 Characteristics of wireless channels
    3. 9.3 LTE/LTE-Advanced operating frequencies and band classes
    4. 9.4 Principles of OFDM
    5. 9.5 Multiple access schemes
    6. 9.6 Duplex modes
    7. 9.7 Frame structure
    8. 9.8 Resource structure, allocation, mapping
    9. 9.9 Time and frequency synchronization
    10. 9.10 Downlink reference signals and channel estimation
    11. 9.11 Channel coding and modulation
    12. 9.12 Downlink physical channel processing
    13. 9.13 Principles of multi-antenna transmission
    14. 9.14 LTE/LTE-Advanced downlink multi-antenna transmission schemes
    15. 9.15 PDSCH transmission modes
    16. 9.16 OFDM signal generation
    17. 9.17 Timing advance
    18. 9.18 Power control and link adaptation
    19. References
  17. Chapter 10. Uplink Physical Layer Functions
    1. 10.1 Overview of uplink physical layer processing
    2. 10.2 Principles of SC-FDMA
    3. 10.3 SC-FDMA and clustered SC-FDMA
    4. 10.4 Uplink frame structure
    5. 10.5 Physical resource structure and channel mapping
    6. 10.6 Uplink reference signals and channel estimation
    7. 10.7 Uplink physical channel processing
    8. 10.8 SC-FDMA signal generation
    9. 10.9 LTE/LTE-Advanced uplink multi-antenna transmission schemes
    10. 10.10 Uplink transmission modes
    11. 10.11 Uplink feedback in LTE/LTE-Advanced
    12. 10.12 Uplink transmitter and receiver chain
    13. References
  18. Chapter 11. Link-Level and System-Level Performance of LTE-Advanced
    1. 11.1 Definition of the performance metrics
    2. 11.2 Calculation of static and dynamic overhead
    3. 11.3 Traffic models
    4. 11.4 Link-to-system mapping (PHY abstraction)
    5. 11.5 IMT-Advanced test environments
    6. 11.6 Network layout for system-level simulations
    7. 11.7 IMT-Advanced evaluation methodology and baseline configurations
    8. 11.8 Link-level and system-level channel models
    9. 11.9 LTE-Advanced link-level and system-level performance
    10. 11.10 Miscellaneous evaluations
    11. References
  19. Chapter 12. Coordinated Multipoint Transmission and Reception (CoMP)
    1. 12.1 Interference cancellation in cellular networks
    2. 12.2 Distributed antenna systems
    3. 12.3 Theory of CoMP operation
    4. 12.4 CoMP architectures
    5. 12.5 Effects of X2 latency on CoMP performance
    6. 12.6 Performance of CoMP scenarios
    7. References
  20. Chapter 13. Carrier Aggregation
    1. 13.1 Principles of carrier aggregation
    2. 13.2 Deployment scenarios
    3. 13.3 Physical and MAC layer aspects of carrier aggregation
    4. 13.4 Protocol and signaling aspects of carrier aggregation
    5. 13.5 Radio resource management aspects of carrier aggregation
    6. 13.6 RF and implementation aspects of carrier aggregation
    7. References
  21. Chapter 14. Enhanced Inter-cell Interference Coordination and Multi-radio Coexistence
    1. 14.1 Intra-cell/inter-cell interference mitigation methods
    2. 14.2 Heterogeneous networks
    3. 14.3 Enhanced inter-cell interference coordination (eICIC)
    4. 14.4 Multi-radio coexistence and interference avoidance
    5. References
  22. Chapter 15. Positioning and Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Services
    1. 15.1 Positioning and location-based services
    2. 15.2 Evolved multimedia broadcast/multicast service
    3. References
  23. Index