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LTE-Advanced and Next Generation Wireless Networks: Channel Modelling and Propagation

Book Description

LTE- A and Next Generation Wireless Networks: Channel Modeling and Performance describes recent advances in propagation and channel modeling necessary for simulating next generation wireless systems. Due to the radio spectrum scarcity, two fundamental changes are anticipated compared to the current status. Firstly, the strict reservation of a specific band for a unique standard could evolve toward a priority policy allowing the co-existence of secondary users in a band allocated to a primary system. Secondly, a huge increase of the number of cells is expected by combining outdoor base stations with smaller cells such as pico/femto cells and relays. This evolution is accompanied with the emergence of cognitive radio that becomes a reality in terminals together with the development of self-organization capabilities and distributed cooperative behaviors.

The book is divided into three parts:

  • Part I addresses the fundamentals (e.g. technologies, channel modeling principles etc.)

  • Part II addresses propagation and modeling discussing topics such as indoor propagation, outdoor propagation, etc.

  • Part III explores system performance and applications (e.g. MIMO Over-the-air testing, electromagnetic safety, etc).

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. About the Editors
  5. List of Contributors
  6. Preface
    1. Propagation and Channel Models
  7. Acknowledgements
  8. List of Acronyms
  9. Part One: Background
    1. Chapter 1: Enabling Technologies for 3GPP LTE-Advanced Networks
      1. 1.1 Introduction
      2. 1.2 General IMT-Advanced Features and Requirements
      3. 1.3 Long Term Evolution Advanced Requirements
      4. 1.4 Long Term Evolution Advanced Enabling Technologies
      5. 1.5 Summary
      6. References
    2. Chapter 2: Propagation and Channel Modeling Principles
      1. 2.1 Propagation Principles
      2. 2.2 Deterministic Channel Descriptions
      3. 2.3 Stochastic Channel Description
      4. 2.4 Channel Modeling Methods
      5. References
  10. Part Two: Radio Channels
    1. Chapter 3: Indoor Channels
      1. 3.1 Introduction
      2. 3.2 Indoor Large Scale Fading
      3. 3.3 Indoor Small Scale Fading
      4. References
    2. Chapter 4: Outdoor Channels
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 Reference Channel Model
      3. 4.3 Small Scale Variations
      4. 4.4 Path Loss and Large Scale Variations
      5. 4.5 Summary
      6. 4.6 Acknowledgements
      7. References
    3. Chapter 5: Outdoor-Indoor Channel
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Modelling Principles
      3. 5.3 Empirical Propagation Models
      4. 5.4 Deterministic Models
      5. 5.5 Hybrid Models
      6. 5.6 Acknowledgements
      7. References
    4. Chapter 6: Vehicular Channels
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Radio Channel Measurements
      3. 6.3 Vehicular Channel Characterization
      4. 6.4 Channel Models for Vehicular Communications
      5. 6.5 New Vehicular Communication Techniques
      6. References
    5. Chapter 7: Multi-User MIMO Channels
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Multi-User MIMO Measurements
      3. 7.3 Multi-User Channel Characterization
      4. 7.4 Multi-User Channel Models
      5. References
    6. Chapter 8: Wideband Channels
      1. 8.1 Large Scale Channel Properties
      2. 8.2 Impulse Response of UWB Channel
      3. 8.3 Frequency Selective Fading in UWB Channels
      4. 8.4 Multiple Antenna Techniques
      5. 8.5 Implications for LTE-A
      6. References
    7. Chapter 9: Wireless Body Area Network Channels
      1. 9.1 Introduction
      2. 9.2 Wearable Antennas
      3. 9.3 Analysis of Antennas Close to Human Skin
      4. 9.4 A Survey of Popular On-Body Propagation Models
      5. 9.5 Antenna Implants-Possible Future Trends
      6. 9.6 Summary
      7. References
  11. Part Three: Simulation and Performance
    1. Chapter 10: Ray-Tracing Modeling
      1. 10.1 Introduction
      2. 10.2 Main Physical Phenomena Involved in Propagation
      3. 10.3 Incorporating the Influence of Vegetation
      4. 10.4 Ray-Tracing Methods
      5. References
    2. Chapter 11: Finite-Difference Modeling
      1. 11.1 Introduction
      2. 11.2 Models for Solving Maxwell's Equations
      3. 11.3 Practical Use of FD Methods
      4. 11.4 Results
      5. 11.5 Perspectives for Finite Difference Models
      6. 11.6 Summary and Perspectives
      7. 11.7 Acknowledgements
      8. References
    3. Chapter 12: Propagation Models for Wireless Network Planning
      1. 12.1 Geographic Data for RNP
      2. 12.2 Categorization of Propagation Models
      3. 12.3 Empirical Models
      4. 12.4 Semi-Empirical Models for Macro Cells
      5. 12.5 Deterministic Models for Urban Areas
      6. 12.6 Accuracy of Propagation Models for RNP
      7. 12.7 Coverage Probability
      8. References
    4. Chapter 13: System-Level Simulations with the IMT-Advanced Channel Model
      1. 13.1 Introduction
      2. 13.2 IMT-Advanced Simulation Guidelines
      3. 13.3 The IMT-Advanced Channel Models
      4. 13.4 Channel Model Calibration
      5. 13.5 Link-to-System Modeling for LTE-Advanced
      6. 13.6 3GPP LTE-Advanced System-Level Simulator Calibration
      7. 13.7 Summary and Outlook
      8. References
    5. Chapter 14: Channel Emulators for Emerging Communication Systems
      1. 14.1 Introduction
      2. 14.2 Emulator Systems
      3. 14.3 Random Number Generation
      4. 14.4 Fading Generators
      5. 14.5 Channel Convolution
      6. 14.6 Emulator Development
      7. 14.7 Example Transceiver Applications for Emerging Systems
      8. 14.8 Summary
      9. References
    6. Chapter 15: MIMO Over-the-Air Testing
      1. 15.1 Introduction
      2. 15.2 Channel Modelling Concepts
      3. 15.3 DUTs and Usage Definition
      4. 15.4 Figures-of-Merit for OTA
      5. 15.5 Multi-Probe MIMO OTA Testing Methods
      6. 15.6 Other MIMO OTA Testing Methods
      7. 15.7 Future Trends
      8. References
    7. Chapter 16: Cognitive Radio Networks: Sensing, Access, Security
      1. 16.1 Introduction
      2. 16.2 Cognitive Radio: A Definition
      3. 16.3 Spectrum Sensing in CRNs
      4. 16.4 Spectrum Assignment–Medium Access Control in CRNs
      5. 16.5 Security in Cognitive Radio Networks
      6. 16.6 Applications of CRNs
      7. 16.7 Summary
      8. 16.8 Acknowledgements
      9. References
    8. Chapter 17: Antenna Design for Small Devices
      1. 17.1 Antenna Fundamentals
      2. 17.2 Figures of Merit and their Impact on the Propagation Channel
      3. 17.3 Challenges in Mobile Terminal Antenna Design
      4. 17.4 Multiple-Antenna Minaturization Techniques
      5. 17.5 Multiple Antennas with Multiple Bands
      6. 17.6 Multiple Users and Antenna Effects
      7. 17.7 Small Cell Antennas
      8. 17.8 Summary
      9. References
    9. Chapter 18: Statistical Characterization of Antennas in BANs
      1. 18.1 Motivation
      2. 18.2 Scenarios
      3. 18.3 Concepts
      4. 18.4 Body Coupling: Theoretical Models
      5. 18.5 Body Coupling: Full Wave Simulations
      6. 18.6 Body Coupling: Practical Experiments
      7. 18.7 Correlation Analysis for BANs
      8. 18.8 Summary
      9. 18.9 Acknowledgements
      10. References
  12. Index