O'Reilly logo

Low-Visibility Antennas for Communication Systems by Albert Sabban

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Chapter 9

Fractal Printed Antennas

9.1 Introduction

A fractal antenna is an antenna that uses antenna design with similar fractal segments to maximize the antenna effective area. Fractal antennas are also referred to as multilevel structures with space filling curves. The key aspect lies in a repetition of a motif over two or more scale sizes or iterations. Fractal antennas are very compact, multiband, or wideband, and have useful applications in cellular telephone and microwave communications. Several fractal antennas were described in books, papers, and patents [1–15].

9.2 Fractal structures

A curve, with endpoints, is represented by a continuous function whose domain is the unit interval [0, 1]. The curve may line in a plane or in a 3D space. ...

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required