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Low Cost Emergency Water Purification Technologies

Book Description

Natural disasters, tornadoes, hurricanes, and floods are occurring with increasing frequency. In emergencies, pure drinking water is quickly the most important item. Low Cost Emergency Water Purification Technologies provides the tips and techniques for supplying potable drinking water at low cost in the direst circumstances.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright page
  5. About the Authors
  6. Preface
  7. Chapter 1: Introduction
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 Standards for Water Quality and Quantity
    3. 1.2 Technology Requirements
    4. 1.3 Challenges in Providing Water Treatment for Disaster Relief
    5. 1.4 Costs
  8. Chapter 2: Technologies for Short-Term Applications
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 High-Energy Systems
    4. 2.3 Low-Energy Applications
  9. Chapter 3: Solar Pasteurization
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Microbiology of Water Pasteurization
    3. 3.2 Use of Solar Cookers for Drinking Water Production
    4. 3.3 Devices Designed Specifically for Water
    5. 3.4 Simple Devices from Common Materials
    6. 3.5 Commercial Devices in Production
    7. 3.6 Devices with Recovery Heat Exchange
    8. 3.7 Water Pasteurization Indicators
    9. 3.8 Multi-use Systems
    10. 3.9 The Greenhouse Effect
    11. 3.10 Use of SOPAS in Conjunction with SODIS
    12. 3.11 SODIS and Titanium Dioxide
    13. 3.12 SOPAS and SODIS Technology Evaluation
  10. Chapter 4: Disinfection Systems
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 UV Light Systems
    3. 4.2 Silver-Impregnated Activated Carbon
    4. 4.3 Electrochlorination Systems
    5. 4.4 Chlorinators
  11. Chapter 5: Technologies for Long-Term Applications
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Slow Sand Filtration
    3. 5.2 Packaged Filtration Units
    4. 5.3 Pressurized Filter Units
    5. 5.4 Small-Scale Systems
    6. 5.5 Natural Filtration
  12. Chapter 6: Emerging Technologies for Emergency Applications
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Nanotechnology
    3. 6.2 Renewable Energy
    4. 6.3 Iodinated Resins
  13. Chapter 7: Water Infrastructure Development for Resilience
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Need for Water Infrastructure Development
    3. 7.2 Infrastructure Improvements for Developed Countries
    4. 7.3 Infrastructure Improvements for Developing Countries
    5. 7.4 Short-Term Solutions
    6. 7.5 A Wholesome Approach to Infrastructure Development
  14. References
  15. Index