Department of Industrial Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
In any industrial society (from logistic viewpoint), goods are moved using transportation systems. Transportation systems play many critical roles in industrial societies. Transportation often accounts between one-third and two-thirds of total logistics cost. These days, with the growth of science and technology, increasing consumption and global commerce highlight the role of transportation in all processes. In this chapter, we have a quick glance to some basic aspects of transportation such as distribution channels, carriers and shippers, and their role in transportation systems. Goods ...