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Logic® Pro 8 Power!: The Comprehensive Guide

Book Description

"Logic Pro 8 Power!" provides a complete introduction and reference for Logic Pro in a volume less than a third the size of the Logic Pro 8 manual. It doesn't attempt to cover everything, but it makes sure to cover the things that you are likely to run into while using Logic to make music, through simple, thorough, and complete explanations. The book also explores why Logic works the way it does, so you'll not only learn the mechanics of how to do something, but you'll really understand what you are doing so when you're ready to explore on your own, you'll be fully prepared and successful. After learning how to set up Logic, you'll learn about the Transport and Arrange, how to record and edit audio and MIDI, how to mix down your song, and finally how to save your song and organize your files. The final chapters provide guidance on the more advanced features of Logic that you'll need as you create more complex compositions and build a more involved project studio. There's something here for Logic users of all skill levels-newbies will learn Logic front to back, while seasoned users will gain lots of tips and tricks as well as a handy desk reference.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
    1. Dedication
  2. Acknowledgments
  3. About the Authors
  4. Introduction
    1. Who This Book Is For
    2. How This Book Is Organized
  5. 1. Introducing Logic Pro 8
    1. What Is Logic Pro?
      1. A Brief History of Logic
      2. Will This Book Help You with Your Version of Logic?
    2. A Brief Overview of MIDI
      1. What MIDI Really Transmits
      2. MIDI Connections and Signal Flow
    3. A Brief Overview of Digital Audio
      1. The Differences between Analog and Digital Sound
      2. What’s Meant by Sampling Frequency and Bit Depth
    4. Audio and MIDI in Logic Pro
    5. A Brief Primer on Hardware
      1. How Fast Does Your Computer Need to Be?
      2. Different Types of Hard Disks
      3. Do You Need a Separate Hard Disk for Audio Files?
      4. MIDI Interfaces
      5. Audio Interfaces
  6. 2. A Quick Tour of Logic Pro
    1. Terminology in Logic
    2. The New Arrange Window
    3. The Mixer
    4. The Audio Bin
    5. The Sample Editor
    6. The Event List
    7. The Piano Roll Editor
    8. The Hyper Editor
    9. The Score Editor
    10. The Loop Browser
    11. The Browser
    12. The Library
    13. The Marker, Tempo, and Signature Lists
    14. The Environment
      1. Environment Layers
      2. The Environment Mixer Layer
    15. The Transform Window
    16. The Key Commands Window
    17. Right Mouse Button Preferences
    18. Screensets
  7. 3. The Logic Project
    1. Visualizing Your Workspace
    2. Creating Your Template
      1. Adding Audio Tracks
        1. Configuring the Audio Track Parameter Box
      2. Adding Software Instrument Tracks
        1. Configuring the Software Instrument Track Parameter Box
      3. Adding External MIDI Tracks
        1. Setting Up Multi Instruments
        2. The Multi-Instrument Window
      4. Adding ReWire Tracks
      5. Adding Auxiliary Tracks
        1. Creating Auxiliary Channel Strips
        2. Adding Auxiliary Tracks to the Arrange Window
    3. Setting Up Your Arrange Window
      1. Setting Up Tracks
        1. Naming Tracks
        2. Coloring Tracks
        3. Configuring the Initial Zoom and Automation Settings
    4. Setting Up Screensets
    5. Defining Key Commands
    6. Setting Up Your Hardware
      1. Interfaces and Drivers
      2. Configuring Your Audio Device
        1. Adjusting the Audio Hardware Buffers
          1. I/O Buffer Size
          2. Process Buffer Range
      3. Setting Up Your MIDI Hardware
        1. Selecting MIDI Ports
      4. Logic Pro and Surround
        1. Supported Surround Formats
        2. Setting the Project Surround Format
        3. Configuring Surround Inputs
      5. Setting Up Your Control Surface
        1. Setting Up a Supported Control Surface
        2. Setting Up Any MIDI Device as a Control Surface
    7. Saving Your Template
  8. 4. Global Elements of Logic
    1. The Global Menus
      1. The Logic Pro Menu
        1. The Preferences Submenu
          1. The Control Surfaces Submenu
      2. The File Menu
        1. The Project Settings Submenu
      3. The Edit Menu
      4. The Options Menu
        1. The Audio Submenu
      5. The Window Menu
      6. Screenset Menu
      7. Help Menu
    2. Global Tracks
      1. Common Features of Global Tracks
        1. Creating a Global Event
        2. Selecting and Moving Global Events
        3. Copying and Deleting Global Events
      2. The Marker Track
        1. The Marker List
        2. Creating, Copying, Resizing, Moving, and Deleting Markers
        3. Adding or Changing Marker Color
        4. The Marker Text Area
        5. Using Markers
        6. Marker Alternatives
      3. The Signature Track
        1. Creating Time and Key Signature Global Events
        2. Copying, Resizing, Moving, and Deleting Signatures
        3. Cutting Measures in the Signature Track
        4. Signature Alternatives
      4. The Chord Track
        1. Creating Chord Track Global Events
        2. Global Transpositions Generated by the Chord Track
        3. Moving, Copying, Resizing, Editing, and Deleting Chord Events
      5. The Transposition Track
        1. Editing Events in the Transposition Track
      6. The Tempo Track
        1. Inserting, Deleting, Moving, and Copying Tempo Changes
        2. Tempo Alternatives
        3. Accessing Logic Pro’s Advanced Tempo Functions from the Tempo Track
      7. The Beat Mapping Track
        1. Beat Mapping Process
          1. Beat Mapping from MIDI Regions
          2. Beat Mapping from Audio Regions
          3. Beats from Regions
          4. Beat Mapping to Scene Markers
          5. Beat Mapping to Markers
          6. Protecting MIDI Event Positions
      8. The Video Track
  9. 5. Transport Controls and Recording
    1. The Transport Buttons
    2. Mode Buttons
      1. The Solo Button
      2. The Metronome Button
        1. Metronome Settings
    3. The Positions Display
      1. Positions Display Format Preferences
      2. Using the Positions Display to Move the Playhead
    4. Locators
    5. The Tempo/Project End Display
    6. The Signature/Division Display
    7. The MIDI Activity Display
    8. The Load Meters
    9. The Transport Display Menu
    10. The Master Level Slider
    11. Customizing the Transport
      1. The Sync Button
      2. The Sample Rate or Punch Locators
    12. Hiding the Transport
    13. Opening the Transport Window
    14. Resizing the Transport Window
    15. Recording
      1. The Recording Settings Window
      2. Recording Using Key Commands
      3. Recording, Software Monitoring, and Latency
        1. How Recording Latency Can Cause Recording Offset
        2. Hardware Monitoring versus Software Monitoring
        3. Low Latency Mode
        4. Software Monitoring, I/O Buffer Size, and the I/O Safety Buffer
      4. Recording Takes
        1. Recording Audio Takes
        2. Opening an Audio Take Folder
        3. The Take Folder Menu
        4. Audio Take Folder Behaviors
        5. Recording MIDI Takes
        6. MIDI Take Folder Behaviors
  10. 6. The Arrange Window
    1. An Overview of the New Arrange Window
    2. Local Menus
      1. The Edit Menu
      2. The Track Menu
      3. The Region Menu
        1. Folder Submenu
        2. The Loops Submenu
        3. The Split/Demix Submenu
        4. The Merge Submenu
        5. The Cut/Insert Time Submenu
      4. The MIDI Menu
        1. The Alias Submenu
        2. The Region Parameters Submenu
        3. The Delete MIDI Events Submenu
      5. The Audio Menu
        1. The Time Machine Algorithm Submenu
      6. The View Menu
      7. The Arrange Tool Menu
    3. Track Classes
      1. Configuring the Toolbar
    4. Adding Tracks to the Arrange
    5. Track Parameters
      1. Region Playback Parameters
      2. Extended Region Parameters
      3. The Audio Region Parameter Box
    6. The Arrange Channel Strips
    7. Configuring the Track Header
    8. Track Icons
    9. Hide Tracks
    10. Freezing Tracks
      1. What Is Freeze?
      2. How to Freeze Tracks
    11. Cycle Mode
      1. Combining Cycle Mode and Recording
      2. Defining the Cycle Region
      3. Using Skip Cycle
    12. Looping Regions in the Arrange
      1. Looping Regions with the Loop Tool
    13. Creating Regions
    14. Editing in the Arrange Window
      1. Making Selections
        1. Selecting Regions Using Commands
        2. Selecting Regions Using the Pointer Tool
        3. Making Selections with the Marquee Tool
        4. Adjusting the Marquee Borders by Transient
      2. The Arrange Grid
      3. Zooming in the Arrange
      4. Splitting and Resizing Regions
        1. Splitting Regions
        2. Resizing Regions
      5. Splitting and Resizing Regions Using the Marquee Tool
      6. Moving and Copying Regions
      7. Editing Multiple Regions
      8. Editing Grouped Drum Tracks to a Grid
        1. Preparing Your Drum Tracks for Group Editing
        2. Splitting Your Regions at the Transient
        3. Quantize Your Drum Regions
      9. Comping in Logic
        1. Creating and Editing Comps
        2. Saving Comps
        3. Flattening and Merging Comps
        4. Exporting and Unpacking Takes and Comps
      10. The Snap and Drag Menus
        1. The Snap Menu
        2. The Drag Menu
    15. Adding Files to the Arrange Window
    16. Automation
      1. Track-Based Automation
      2. Region-Based Automation (Hyper Draw)
    17. Caps Lock Keyboard
  11. 7. Working with Audio and Apple Loops
    1. Types of Channel Strips
    2. Channel Strip Components
    3. The Audio Bin
      1. The Audio Bin Local Menus
        1. The Audio File Menu
        2. The Edit Menu
        3. The View Menu
        4. The Options Menu
      2. The Audio Bin Buttons
      3. Cursor Modes in the Audio Bin Window
      4. Protecting Regions in the Audio Bin Window
      5. The Prelisten Channel Strip
      6. Zooming in the Audio Bin Window
      7. Adding Audio Files to the Audio Bin
      8. Exporting Audio from the Audio Bin
      9. Using Strip Silence
      10. Using Looping in the Audio Bin
      11. Audio Bin Groups
      12. Adding Audio to the Arrange Window
    4. The Sample Editor
      1. Local Menus
        1. The Audio File Menu
        2. The Edit Menu
        3. The Functions Menu
        4. The Factory Menu
        5. The View Menu
        6. The Audiosuite Menu
        7. The Sample Editor Tool Menu
      2. The Sample Editor Region Locators Display
      3. The Sample Editor Mode Buttons
      4. The Waveform Display
      5. The Digital Factory Machines
        1. Time and Pitch Machine
        2. The Groove Machine
        3. The Audio Energizer
        4. The Silencer
      6. The Digital Factory Functions
        1. The Audio to MIDI Groove Template
        2. Audio to Score
        3. The Quantize Engine
    5. Audio Fades and Crossfades
      1. Creating Audio Fades
      2. Fade Files
      3. Adjusting Audio Fades
      4. Setting Up Sample Editor Undo Preferences
      5. Configuring Logic to Use an External Sample Editor
    6. Apple Loops
      1. Audio Apple Loops
      2. Software Instrument Apple Loops
      3. The Loop Browser
        1. Browsing Loops
        2. Auditioning Loops
        3. Adding Loops to the Loop Browser
        4. Adding Loops from the Loop Browser to Your Logic Song
      4. Creating Your Own Apple Loops
        1. Creating Apple Loops in Logic
        2. Creating Apple Loops in the Apple Loops Utility
      5. Adding ACID Loops to the Loop Browser
      6. Using ReCycle Files in Logic
        1. Importing ReCycle Files into Logic
        2. Converting ReCycle Files into Apple Loops
  12. 8. Working with MIDI
    1. MIDI Editors and MIDI Regions
    2. The Piano Roll Editor
      1. Local Menus
        1. The Edit Menu
        2. The Functions Menu
        3. The View Menu
        4. The Piano Roll Editor Tool Menu
      2. Piano Roll Editor Buttons
      3. Inserting and Deleting Notes in the Piano Roll Editor
        1. MIDI Step Input
        2. Entering MIDI Notes with the Pencil Tool
        3. Deleting Notes in the Piano Roll Editor
      4. Resizing and Moving Notes in the Piano Roll Editor
        1. Resizing Notes
        2. Moving Notes
      5. Editing Multiple Regions in the Piano Roll Editor
    3. The Event List
      1. Event List Local Menus
        1. The Edit Menu
        2. The Functions Menu
        3. The View Menu
        4. The Event Editor Tool Menu
      2. Event List Buttons
      3. Inserting and Deleting MIDI Messages in the Event List
        1. Moving and Adjusting the Values of MIDI Messages in the Event List
    4. The Hyper Editor
      1. Hyper Editor Local Menus
        1. The Hyper Menu
        2. The Edit Menu
        3. The Functions Menu
        4. The View Menu
        5. The Hyper Editor Tool Menu
      2. The Hyper Editor Buttons
      3. The Hyper Editor Event Parameter Box
      4. Hyper Sets
      5. Editing MIDI Control Messages Using the Hyper Editor
      6. Editing MIDI Notes (Drums) Using the Hyper Editor
        1. Setting Up the Hyper Editor as a Drum Editor
    5. The Score Editor
      1. Score Editor Local Menus
        1. Layout Menu
        2. The Edit Menu
        3. The Functions Menu
        4. The Attributes Menu
        5. The Text Menu
        6. The View Menu
        7. The Options Menu
        8. The Score Editor Tool Menu
      2. The Score Editor Buttons
      3. The Score Editor Inspector
        1. The Display Parameter Box
        2. Event Parameter Box
      4. The Part Box
      5. Staff Styles
      6. Text Styles
      7. Inserting and Deleting Events in the Score Editor
      8. Moving and Adjusting Events in the Score Editor
        1. Changing the Length of Events in the Score Editor
        2. Changing the Pitch of Events in the Score Editor
        3. Adjusting the Layout of Events in the Score Editor
    6. The Transform Window
      1. How the Transform Window Works
      2. Setting the Transform Mode
      3. Setting Up Transform Conditions
      4. Setting Up Transform Operations
      5. Action Buttons of the Transform Window
      6. Transform Sets
  13. 9. Working with Software Instruments
    1. Logic and Software Instruments
    2. Accessing Logic Software Instruments
    3. Installing and Accessing Non-Logic Software Instruments
    4. Plug-In Window Controls
      1. Plug-In Window Buttons
      2. Plug-In Window Menus
        1. Extended Parameters
    5. Software Instruments and the Environment
    6. Using Multi Output Software Instruments
    7. Using Multi-Timbral Software Instruments
    8. Using ReWire 2 Instruments
      1. Working with ReWire 2 Applications
      2. Creating ReWire Instruments for MIDI Transmission
      3. Setting Up ReWire Objects for Audio Transmission
    9. Using QuickTime Instruments
  14. 10. Using Automation in Logic
    1. Types of Automation
    2. Using Track-Based Automation
    3. Manipulating Automation Data
      1. Using the Pointer Tool
      2. Using the Automation Tools
      3. Expert Automation Editing
        1. Automation Event List
        2. Moving Automation Data from One Parameter to Another
        3. Moving Automation with Regions
        4. Snapping Automation
    4. Deleting and Converting Automation Data
    5. Automation Quick Access
  15. 11. Mixing in Logic
    1. Mixer or Mixer Layer?
      1. The Mixer
      2. The Mixer Layer of the Environment
        1. Adding Input Channel Strips
    2. The Mixer Local Menus
      1. The Options Menu
      2. The View Menu
      3. The Tool Menu
    3. Mixer Buttons
      1. The Mixer Link and Hierarchy Buttons
      2. The Mixer View Buttons
      3. The Mixer Filter Buttons
    4. Recording Audio from the Mixer
    5. Basic Mixing: Summing Volume and Panorama
      1. Volume Summing
      2. Panning
      3. The Direction Mixer Plug-In
      4. The Binaural Panner
    6. Bussing Tracks in Logic
      1. Using Aux Channel Strips
        1. Using Aux Channel Strips with Live Inputs
        2. Using Aux Channel Strips with Busses
        3. Using a Send to Feed an Aux Channel Strip
      2. Output Channel Strips
    7. Using Effects
      1. Logic Effects
      2. Using the Channel and Linear EQ
      3. Effects Side Chains
      4. Audio Units Effects
        1. The Audio Units Manager
          1. Initial AU Scan
          2. Activating Incompatible AU Plug-Ins
      5. Using Insert Effects
        1. Saving or Loading Channel Strip Settings
      6. Using Send Effects
      7. Plug-In Delay and Logic’s Plug-In Delay Compensation
      8. Final Notes on Using Effects
    8. Logic Nodes—Distributed Audio Processing
      1. Using Nodes
      2. Current Limitations of Logic Node Technology
    9. Muting Channels
    10. Soloing Channels
      1. Solo Safe Mode
    11. Mixer Groups
      1. Assigning Channels to Groups
      2. Group Settings
      3. Temporary Groups by Selecting Multiple Channel Strips
    12. Bouncing Your Mix
      1. The Bounce Dialog Box
        1. Bounce to PCM
        2. Bounce to MP3
        3. Bounce to M4A
        4. Bounce to CDDA/DVD-A (Burn)
    13. Surround Mixing
      1. The Surround Panner Window
      2. Assigning Surround Channels to Audio Outputs
      3. Applying Surround Effects
        1. Applying Surround Effects to a Surround Channel Strip
        2. Applying Surround Effects to a Mono or Stereo Channel Strip
        3. Using the Down Mixer Plug-In
        4. The Surround Compressor
      4. Bouncing in Surround
    14. Mixing Using Control Surfaces
  16. 12. Working with Files and Networks
    1. Creating New Projects
      1. Templates
      2. Using the New Command to Create New Songs
    2. Saving Logic Projects
      1. The Save Dialog
        1. Changing Your Project’s Included Assets
      2. Saving Backups of Your Project
    3. Configuring Logic’s Startup Action
    4. The Project Menu
      1. Clean Up Project
      2. Consolidate Project
      3. Rename Project
    5. The Project Settings Menu
    6. Opening or Importing Projects and Files
      1. Importing Files into Logic
        1. Using the Browser
        2. The Import Settings Window
    7. Exporting Files from Logic
      1. Export Selection as MIDI File
      2. Export Region as Audio File
      3. Export Track as Audio File
      4. Export All Tracks as Audio Files
      5. Export Song as OMF File
      6. Export Song as OpenTL File
      7. Export Song as AAF File
      8. Export Song to Final Cut Pro/XML
    8. Sharing and Backing Up Logic Settings
      1. Accessing Sharing Preferences
      2. Sharing Logic Data via Bonjour
      3. Sharing and Backing Up Logic Data via MobileMe
  17. 13. The Environment
    1. Understanding the Environment
    2. Environment Local Menus
      1. New Menu
      2. Edit Menu
      3. View Menu
      4. Options Menu
        1. Layer Submenu
        2. Apply Buffer Template to Submenu
        3. Clean Up Submenu
        4. Import Environment Submenu
      5. Environment Tool Menu
    3. Environment Window Buttons
    4. Environment Objects
      1. Instrument Object
      2. Multi Instrument Object
      3. Mapped Instruments Object
      4. Touch Tracks Object
      5. Fader Object
      6. Alias Object
      7. Ornament Object
      8. GM Mixer Object
      9. MMC Record Switches Object
      10. Keyboard Object
      11. Monitor Object
      12. Macro
      13. Arpeggiator Object
      14. Transformer Object
      15. Delay Line Object
      16. Voice Limiter Object
      17. Channel Splitter Object
      18. Chord Memorizer Object
      19. Physical Input Object
      20. Sequencer Input Object
      21. MIDI Click Object
      22. Internal Objects
      23. Channel Strip Objects
    5. Cabling Environment Objects
      1. Special Cable Outputs
    6. Environment Layers
      1. Specialized Layers
      2. Objects and Layers
    7. Building Your Own Environments
  18. 14. Advanced Tempo Operations
    1. The Tempo Display
    2. Recording and Editing Tempo
      1. Programming Tempo Changes on the Tempo Track
      2. Recording Tempo Changes
        1. The Tempo Interpreter
        2. Real-Time Tempo Fader
      3. Tempo List Editor
      4. Tempo Operations
        1. Create Tempo Curve
        2. Create Constant Tempo
        3. Scale Existing Tempo Changes
        4. Stretch Existing Tempo Curve
        5. Thin Out Existing Tempo Changes
        6. Randomize Tempo
    3. Matching the Project Tempo to an Audio Region
  19. 15. Synchronizing Hardware with Logic Pro
    1. The Synchronization Window
      1. General Tab
      2. Audio Tab
        1. Current Sync Status
        2. Audio Sync Mode
      3. MIDI Tab
        1. MIDI Sync Preferences
          1. All MIDI Output
          2. MIDI Clock
          3. MIDI Time Code (MTC)
          4. MIDI Machine Control (MMC)
      4. Unitor Tab
    2. The Sync Button Menu
    3. Switching On External Synchronization
    4. Bar Ruler to Time Ruler
  20. 16. Working with Video
    1. Opening Movies
    2. Movie Options
    3. Movie Markers
    4. Video Project Settings
    5. Video Preferences
    6. The Global Movies Submenu
    7. Importing Audio from a QuickTime Movie
    8. Exporting Audio to a QuickTime Movie
  21. Logic Studio Utilities
    1. Apple Loops Utility
    2. Compressor
    3. Impulse Response Utility
    4. MainStage
    5. Soundtrack Pro 2
    6. WaveBurner