Not all Linux desktops have the firepower needed for the GUI. Even if you have enough memory for a simple GUI, your system may not be able to handle a fully featured browser such as Firefox. Alternatively, you may want a GUI browser other than Firefox so you can avoid the effects of its known bugs in that browser.
While the Firefox browser avoids many, perhaps most, of the problems associated with Microsoft's Internet Explorer, as time goes on, crackers will create problems for Firefox (as they have already).
Fortunately, there are web browsers of many types available for the Linux desktop. Most distributions include more than one application that can be used as a web browser. I'll review some of the alternatives in this annoyance.
Yes, in Linux you can browse the World Wide Web from the text console. Several major options are described here:
Elinks is a fully featured, text-based browser and an enhanced version of Links. It supports many GUI-style features, such as downloads of images and Cascading Style Sheets. It is currently available from the Fedora/Red Hat and Debian repositories. Once it's installed, you can start the browser with the elinks command. You can then access menus with the Esc key. You can move between links with the up and down arrows; you can move to a highlighted link with the right arrow; and you can move back in your link history with the left arrow. Developed in the Czech Republic, this tool is documented ...