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Lighting Photo Workshop

Book Description

A rigorous practical guide to photographic lighting techniques, complete with hands-on assignments

Offering digital photographers a complete course in photographic lighting, this book covers everything from using flash systems and studio lights to working outdoors in bright or low-light conditions. Full-color examples show how the right lighting can enhance color, improve contrast, and open the door to new creative possibilities.

Table of Contents

  1. Copyright
  2. About the Author
  3. Credits
  4. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
  5. Foreword
  6. Introduction
  7. 1. ELEMENTS OF LIGHT
    1. 1.1. UNDERSTANDING THE THREE ELEMENTS OF EXPOSURE
      1. 1.1.1. ISO
      2. 1.1.2. THE APERTURE
      3. 1.1.3. THE SHUTTER
    2. 1.2. DEALING WITH COLOR TEMPERATURE
      1. 1.2.1. LEARNING ABOUT KELVIN
      2. 1.2.2. SEEING THE COLOR
      3. 1.2.3. FLUORESCENT BULBS
    3. 1.3. SETTING WHITE BALANCE
      1. 1.3.1. HOW WHITE BALANCE AFFECTS COLOR TEMPERATURE
      2. 1.3.2. WHAT DO THE WHITE BALANCE ICONS MEAN?
      3. 1.3.3. HOW DOES CHANGING THE WHITE BALANCE AFFECT THE IMAGE?
      4. 1.3.4. USING FLASH
      5. 1.3.5. USING AUTO WHITE BALANCE
      6. 1.3.6. CHANGING THE WHITE BALANCE IN THE COMPUTER
      7. 1.3.7. RAW OR JPEG
    4. 1.4. USING CONTRAST TO CREATE MOOD
      1. 1.4.1. CONTRAST RANGE
      2. 1.4.2. WORKING WITH CONTRAST
      3. 1.4.3. HIGH AND LOW CONTRAST
    5. 1.5. WORKING WITH THE QUALITY OF LIGHT
      1. 1.5.1. DEFINING DIFFERENT KINDS OF LIGHT
      2. 1.5.2. HARD LIGHT
      3. 1.5.3. SOFT LIGHT
      4. 1.5.4. COLOR IN THE LIGHT
    6. 1.6. Assignment
  8. 2. UNDERSTANDING YOUR EQUIPMENT'S ROLE IN LIGHTING
    1. 2.1. COMPACT DIGITAL CAMERAS
    2. 2.2. DIGITAL SLR CAMERAS
      1. 2.2.1. MEGAPIXELS
      2. 2.2.2. CONTROLLING YOUR EXPOSURE
    3. 2.3. IN-CAMERA METERING
    4. 2.4. ON-CAMERA FLASH
      1. 2.4.1. BUILT-IN FLASH
      2. 2.4.2. ACCESSORY FLASH UNITS
    5. 2.5. STUDIO LIGHTING AND ACCESSORIES
      1. 2.5.1. STUDIO STROBES
      2. 2.5.2. LIGHTING ACCESSORIES
      3. 2.5.3. TRIPODS
      4. 2.5.4. CABLE RELEASE
      5. 2.5.5. LENS HOODS
    6. 2.6. Assignment
  9. 3. WORKING WITH OUTDOOR NATURAL LIGHT
    1. 3.1. LEARNING TO USE THE METER
      1. 3.1.1. WORKING WITH SHAPE AND SHADOW
      2. 3.1.2. DEALING WITH LIGHT DIRECTION
      3. 3.1.3. FRONT LIGHT
      4. 3.1.4. SIDELIGHT
      5. 3.1.5. BACKLIGHT
      6. 3.1.6. FIGHTING FLARE
    2. 3.2. SUNRISE AND SUNSET
      1. 3.2.1. THE GOLDEN HOURS OF LIGHT
      2. 3.2.2. WATCHING THE LIGHT BEFORE DAWN AND AFTER SUNSET
      3. 3.2.3. SUNSETS AND CLOUDS
    3. 3.3. MAKING GREAT IMAGES WITH OVERCAST LIGHTING
      1. 3.3.1. CREATING DIFFERENT MOODS WITH CLOUDS
      2. 3.3.2. THE DRAMA OF CLOUDS
      3. 3.3.3. BRINGING INTEREST TO THE SKIES
    4. 3.4. Assignment
  10. 4. WORKING WITH INTERIOR LIGHT
    1. 4.1. SETTING YOUR EXPOSURE INSIDE
    2. 4.2. SEEING THE CONTRAST INDOORS
    3. 4.3. WORKING WITH WINDOW LIGHT
      1. 4.3.1. THE QUALITIES OF WINDOW LIGHT
      2. 4.3.2. DIRECT LIGHT
      3. 4.3.3. DIFFUSED LIGHT
      4. 4.3.4. INTERIORS
      5. 4.3.5. MIXING DAYLIGHT WITH STROBE
      6. 4.3.6. MIXING DAYLIGHT WITH INTERIOR LIGHTS
    4. 4.4. INCANDESCENT LIGHT
      1. 4.4.1. USING THE WARM TONES OF INCANDESCENT LIGHTS
      2. 4.4.2. INCANDESCENT LIGHT AND WHITE BALANCE
      3. 4.4.3. MIXING INCANDESCENT AND STROBE
    5. 4.5. FLUORESCENT LIGHT
    6. 4.6. Assignment
  11. 5. LIGHTING FOR PORTRAITS AND PEOPLE
    1. 5.1. SHOOTING GREAT OUTDOOR PORTRAITS
    2. 5.2. FINDING THE BEST LIGHT
    3. 5.3. CREATING BETTER LIGHT
      1. 5.3.1. REFLECTING FILL LIGHT
      2. 5.3.2. BALANCING SUNLIGHT WITH FILL FLASH
      3. 5.3.3. CREATING A NICE DAY
    4. 5.4. CANDIDS, KIDS, AND ENVIRONMENTAL PHOTOGRAPHY
    5. 5.5. WORKING WITH GROUPS
    6. 5.6. Assignment
  12. 6. ACTION, SPORTS, MOTION, BLUR
    1. 6.1. IT IS ALL ABOUT THE SHUTTER
    2. 6.2. STOPPING MOTION
      1. 6.2.1. RUNNING AND BIKING
      2. 6.2.2. KIDS SPORTS
    3. 6.3. SLOW DOWN TO SHOW MOTION
    4. 6.4. LONG EXPOSURES TO SHOW MOTION
    5. 6.5. WATER AND NATURE
      1. 6.5.1. REFLECTIONS
      2. 6.5.2. WATER IN MOTION
    6. 6.6. PANNING
    7. 6.7. USING FLASH TO CAPTURE THE MOVEMENT
    8. 6.8. Assignment
  13. 7. LIGHTING SCENARIOS IN LANDSCAPE PHOTOGRAPHY
    1. 7.1. LIGHTING TERMINOLOGY
    2. 7.2. TIMING YOUR LANDSCAPE EXPOSURES
      1. 7.2.1. BEFORE DAWN
      2. 7.2.2. MORNING TWILIGHT
      3. 7.2.3. EARLY MORNING LIGHT
      4. 7.2.4. MID-MORNING LIGHT
      5. 7.2.5. MIDDAY LIGHT
      6. 7.2.6. AFTERNOON LIGHT
      7. 7.2.7. DUSK
      8. 7.2.8. AFTER DUSK
    3. 7.3. WORKING WITH OVERCAST LIGHT
    4. 7.4. USING FILTERS TO ENHANCE YOUR SHOT
      1. 7.4.1. POLARIZING FILTER
      2. 7.4.2. GRADUATED NEUTRAL DENSITY FILTER
    5. 7.5. SHOOTING LANDSCAPES IN FOG
    6. 7.6. Assignment
  14. 8. DEALING WITH CHANGE: TRAVEL AND ADVENTURE PHOTOGRAPHY
    1. 8.1. TRAVELING LIGHT: WHAT TO TAKE
      1. 8.1.1. STROBES AND SMALL REFLECTORS
      2. 8.1.2. MEMORY CARDS AND ON-THE-ROAD BACKUP
      3. 8.1.3. BATTERIES AND POWER SUPPLIES
    2. 8.2. SHOOTING STREET PHOTOGRAPHY
      1. 8.2.1. CANDID SITUATIONS
      2. 8.2.2. SETTING UP A SHOT
      3. 8.2.3. PAYING FOR PHOTOGRAPHS
      4. 8.2.4. CAPTURING THE ESSENCE OF PLACE
    3. 8.3. MUSEUMS, CHURCHES, AND OTHER INDOOR DESTINATIONS
    4. 8.4. CONSIDERING THE WEATHER CONDITIONS
    5. 8.5. PREPARING FOR EXTREMES
    6. 8.6. Assignment
  15. 9. STILL LIFE AND MACRO LIGHTING
    1. 9.1. CAPTURING GREAT LIGHT IN YOUR EVERYDAY LIFE
    2. 9.2. PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN
    3. 9.3. LIGHTING FOR CLOSE-UP AND MACRO PHOTOGRAPHY
      1. 9.3.1. DEALING WITH DEPTH OF FIELD
      2. 9.3.2. CREATING LIGHT FOR MACRO SITUATIONS
      3. 9.3.3. FINDING GREAT LIGHT FOR FLOWERS
      4. 9.3.4. WORKING WITH MACRO MODE
      5. 9.3.5. USING THE MACRO MODE ON A COMPACT DIGITAL
    4. 9.4. TAKING PRODUCT PHOTOS
    5. 9.7. Assignment
  16. 10. MASTERING NIGHT AND LOW LIGHT PHOTOGRAPHY
    1. 10.1. YOUR BEST FRIEND, THE TRIPOD
    2. 10.2. CAPTURING SKYLINES
    3. 10.3. TAKING PHOTOS AT DUSK
      1. 10.3.1. SHOOTING IN THE AFTERGLOW
      2. 10.3.2. SHOOTING SUNSETS AND SILHOUETTES
    4. 10.4. CREATING SOFT, MOODY LIGHT WITH LOW LIGHT
      1. 10.4.1. TAKING ADVANTAGE OF ADDITIONAL LIGHT SOURCES IN LOW LIGHT
      2. 10.4.2. USING REAR SYNC IN LOW LIGHT IMAGES
      3. 10.4.3. MATCHING LONG EXPOSURES WITH FLASH
    5. 10.5. CAPTURING THE MOTION OF LIGHTS
    6. 10.6. LONG EXPOSURES FOR CELEBRATIONS
    7. 10.7. Assignment
  17. GLOSSARY