Much of the lighting that is covered in this book is temporary location lighting: instruments mounted on mobile stands with stingers on location or on a temporary set. However, television studios have permanent light grids with heavy-duty control systems and special HVAC units (heating/ventilation/air conditioning) that provide quiet cooling. Lighting principles remain the same in a studio, but the installation is different.
A studio is a more controllable environment than locations are, so they are essential for more permanent situations. The most common local application is the news set. But just like sound stages in the film world, studios are handy for any sort of scene that doesn’t have to be outdoors. It’s easier ...