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Light Localisation and Lasing

Book Description

The properties of quasi-random and random photonic systems have been extensively studied over the last two decades, but recent technological advances have opened new horizons in the field, providing better samples and devices. New optical characterization techniques have enhanced understanding of the novel and fundamental properties of these systems. This book examines the full hierarchy of these systems, from 1D to 2D and 3D, from photonic crystals and random microresonator chains to quasi crystals. It treats photon transport as well as photon generation and random lasing, and deals with semiconductors, organics and glass materials. Presenting basic and state-of-the-art research on this fascinating field, this collection of self-contained chapters is an ideal introductory text for graduate students entering this field, as well as a useful reference for researchers in optics, photonics and optical engineering.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half-title page
  3. Title page
  4. Copyright page
  5. Contents
  6. List of contributors
  7. Preface
  8. 1. Light propagation and emission in complex photonic media
    1. 1.1 General overview
    2. 1.2 Light in complex photonic media
      1. 1.2.1 Random media
      2. 1.2.2 Photonic band gap crystals
      3. 1.2.3 Waveguides and coupled cavities
      4. 1.2.4 Quasicrystals and aperiodic media
    3. 1.3 Shaping wavefronts in complex media
    4. 1.4 Unified view of complex media: photonic interaction strength
  9. 2. Transport of localized waves via modes and channels
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Analogies between transport of electrons and classical waves
    3. 2.3 Modes
    4. 2.4 Lasing in localized modes
    5. 2.5 Channels
    6. 2.6 Focusing
    7. 2.7 Conclusion
  10. 3. Modes structure and interaction in random lasers
    1. 3.1 From lasers to random lasers
    2. 3.2 Random lasing regimes
      1. 3.2.1 Diffusive random lasers
      2. 3.2.2 Mode structures in random lasers
      3. 3.2.3 Anderson localization
      4. 3.2.4 Lucky photons
      5. 3.2.5 Localized modes
    3. 3.3 Tuning emission from a macroscopic random laser
    4. 3.4 Driving modes of a microscopic random laser
      1. 3.4.1 Fluctuations
      2. 3.4.2 Local mode selection
    5. 3.5 Collective random lasing regimes
    6. 3.6 Applications and perspectives
  11. 4. Ordered and disordered light transport in coupled microring resonators
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 Optical microring chains
      1. 4.2.1 Experimental details
    3. 4.3 From ordered transport to disorder-induced bandwidth collapse
    4. 4.4 Statistical measurements of light transport in the intermediate regime
      1. 4.4.1 Intensity statistics
      2. 4.4.2 Time statistics
    5. 4.5 Summary
  12. 5. One-dimensional photonic quasicrystals
    1. 5.1 Introduction
      1. 5.1.1 In between perfect periodicity and complete randomness
    2. 5.2 1D quasiperiodicity: Fibonacci chain
    3. 5.3 Photons in a 1D optical potential
    4. 5.4 Photons in a 1D quasiperiodic potential
      1. 5.4.1 Electronic energy spectrum of 1D Fibonacci quasicrystals
      2. 5.4.2 Energy spectrum of 1D photonic Fibonacci quasicrystals
      3. 5.4.3 Origin of band-edge states and pseudo band gaps
  13. 6. 2D pseudo-random and deterministic aperiodic lasers
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Overview
    3. 6.3 Pseudo-random laser
    4. 6.4 Optimization of structural aperiodicity for lasing
    5. 6.5 Conclusions and future prospects
  14. 7. Three-dimensional photonic quasicrystals and deterministic aperiodic structures
    1. 7.1 Classification
      1. 7.1.1 Quasi-periodic Fourier spectra
      2. 7.1.2 Non quasi-periodic Fourier spectra
      3. 7.1.3 Mode structure
      4. 7.1.4 Density of states and band structure
    2. 7.2 Generation of three-dimensional point-sets
      1. 7.2.1 Quasiperiodic pattern
      2. 7.2.2 3D aperiodic point-sets from mathematical sequences
    3. 7.3 Fabrication
      1. 7.3.1 One- and two-dimensional photonic structures
      2. 7.3.2 Three-dimensional photonic structures
      3. 7.3.3 Direct laser writing
    4. 7.4 Examples
      1. 7.4.1 High quality SU-8 icosahedral photonic quasicrystals
      2. 7.4.2 Rhombicuboctahedral quasicrystals
      3. 7.4.3 Deterministic aperiodic structures
  15. 8. Cavity quantum electrodynamics with three-dimensional photonic band gap crystals
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Theory
      1. 8.2.1 Spontaneous emission control
      2. 8.2.2 The local density of optical states
      3. 8.2.3 Quantum efficiency of the emitters and degree of cQED control
      4. 8.2.4 Beyond weak coupling
    3. 8.3 Ultimate tools for 3D photonic band gap cavity QED
      1. 8.3.1 Requirements for 3D photonic band gap crystals
      2. 8.3.2 Optical signature of a 3D photonic band gap
      3. 8.3.3 Inverse opals
      4. 8.3.4 Diamond-like photonic crystals
      5. 8.3.5 Woodpiles
      6. 8.3.6 Inverse woodpiles
      7. 8.3.7 Other diamond-like structures
    4. 8.4 Cavity quantum electrodynamics
      1. 8.4.1 Inhibited spontaneous emission in a 3D photonic band gap
      2. 8.4.2 Emission in a nanobox for light
      3. 8.4.3 Laser action in 3D photonic crystal nanocavities
      4. 8.4.4 Ultrafast all-optical switching of 3D photonic band gap crystals
    5. 8.5 Applications and prospects
    6. 8.6 Summary
  16. References
  17. Index