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Libraries and Society

Book Description

This book reviews both the historical and future roles that public, private, academic and special libraries have in supporting and shaping society at local, regional, national and international levels. Globalisation, economic turmoil, political and ethnic tensions, rapid technology development, global warming and other key environmental factors are all combining in myriad and complex ways to affect everyone, both individually and collectively. Fundamental questions are being asked about the future of society and the bedrock organisations that underpin it. Libraries and Society considers the key aspects of library provision and the major challenges that libraries - however defined, managed, developed and provided - now face, and will continue to face in the future. It also focuses on the emerging chapter in cultural, economic and social history and the library’s role in serving diverse communities within this new era.

  • Looks at all types of library in a period of major and discontinuous change, tackling the fundamental questions of the future of libraries in the context of major societal, political and environmental issues
  • Poses important questions for the profession and policy development
  • Fills a major gap in literature (recent discourse and debate on the future of democracy, for example, the library is rarely included)

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgements
  8. List of abbreviations
  9. List of figures, tables and case studies
  10. About the authors
  11. Chapter 1: Libraries, society and social responsibility
    1. Introduction
    2. Future environment
    3. Technology push
    4. Equity and equality of access
    5. Education and digital literacy
    6. Library as physical space
    7. Value and impact
    8. Re-thinking the library
    9. Re-thinking librarianship
    10. Conclusion
  12. Chapter 2: I wouldn’t start from here … provision and use of UK libraries
    1. Introduction
    2. Library provision
    3. Library use
    4. Trends over time
    5. The wider world
    6. The wider context
    7. Conclusion
  13. Chapter 3: From people flows to knowledge flows
    1. Introduction: a brief review of People Flows
    2. The People Flows conclusions
    3. Today’s learning context
    4. Working out alternatives
    5. Collaboration for access
    6. Knowledge flows – the lifelong library
    7. Library evolution in uncertain times
    8. Conclusion: how might this happen?
  14. Chapter 4: Scholarly communication and access to research outputs
    1. Introduction
    2. Journal prices
    3. Academic library journal provision
    4. Electronic information
    5. Issues of access
    6. Library access for external users
    7. Open access
    8. Open access journals
    9. Self-archiving
    10. Mandated deposit
    11. Impact on libraries
    12. Conclusion
  15. Chapter 5: Free and equal access: a conundrum for the information society
    1. Introduction
    2. Free libraries – for those who can afford them
    3. The price of free goods
    4. Freedom of access: rights and limits
    5. Access: equity and equality
    6. Conclusion
  16. Chapter 6: The more they change, the more they stay the same: public libraries and social inclusion
    1. Introduction
    2. What problem?
    3. What has changed?
    4. What has influenced libraries?
    5. An international perspective
    6. A strategy of urgent relevance
    7. Systemic and cultural change
    8. Political change
    9. Conclusion: or is it all a conspiracy …?
  17. Chapter 7: Widening access to information: the haves and the have-nots?
    1. Introduction
    2. The digital divide
    3. Digital divide initiatives
    4. Technological infrastructure
    5. Uptake and use of ICT
    6. E-accessibility and design for all
    7. Education and training
    8. Conclusion
  18. Chapter 8: Tackling inequalities around the globe: the challenge for libraries
    1. Introduction
    2. The inequalities of information
    3. Overlooking libraries
    4. Bridging the divide: why information matters
    5. New opportunities – but also new challenges
    6. The technology gap
    7. Managing, maintaining and keeping up
    8. Access and use
    9. Skilling users and skilling staff
    10. Conclusion
  19. Chapter 9: Islands in the cloud: libraries and the social life of information
    1. Introduction
    2. A world of experience
    3. Taking apart architecture
    4. Making Creative Cities flow
    5. The social life of information
    6. 100-mile information diets
    7. Islands in the cloud
    8. Conclusion
  20. Chapter 10: From the passive library to the learning library – it’s an emotional journey
    1. Introduction
    2. Change is needed
    3. A new focus integrated with current facilities
    4. It’s subtle and it’s emotional
    5. It’s not optional: whatever space we create has emotional effects
    6. Conclusion: some useful types and metaphors
    7. Endnote
  21. Chapter 11: The modern academic library
    1. Introduction
    2. The new agenda: a focus on learning
    3. The exploitation of technology
    4. A new model for service delivery
    5. Conclusion
  22. Chapter 12: Libraries and distance education
    1. Introduction
    2. Distance learning: an African context
    3. Providing library services for distance education
    4. Developments in telecommunications
    5. Libraries and information literacy
    6. What is ‘information literacy’?
    7. The implications of information literacy
    8. Conclusion
  23. Chapter 13: Syllabus independence and the library
    1. Introduction
    2. The United Kingdom Open University
    3. Syllabus independence
    4. Course design – why academics need libraries
    5. Conclusion
  24. Chapter 14: Libraries in the information society: cooperation and identity
    1. Introduction
    2. The Dutch library system
    3. The need for cooperation
    4. Towards a digital library of the Netherlands
    5. Conclusion: changing roles in a network of organisations
  25. Chapter 15: Children’s reading habits and attitudes
    1. Introduction
    2. Children’s reading habits and attitudes
    3. The involvement of parents in children’s reading
    4. Preferences for reading materials
    5. Effect of new technologies
    6. Role of children’s librarians
    7. Conclusion
  26. Chapter 16: The user of tomorrow: young people and the future of library provision
    1. Introduction
    2. Reading and literacy
    3. Children’s reading and early literacy
    4. Libraries for children and young people
    5. Professional children’s and schools librarians
    6. New libraries for children
    7. Conclusion
  27. Chapter 17: Redefining the librarian
    1. Introduction
    2. The library profession: a historical perspective
    3. Promoting the profession
    4. Redefining the librarian
    5. Looking forward
    6. Conclusion
  28. Chapter 18: Redefining librarianship
    1. Introduction
    2. Background
    3. The present day
    4. Professional status and membership
    5. Reviewing the profession
    6. Four dimensions of future professional practice
    7. Advocacy, leadership and representation
    8. Social analysis and the evidence base
    9. Context and environment
    10. Conclusion
  29. Chapter 19: The future of librarians in the workforce: a US perspective
    1. Introduction
    2. Projections of supply and demand for librarians
    3. IMLS-sponsored study on the future of librarians in the workforce
    4. Demand for librarians
    5. Reasons for librarians leaving the library workforce
    6. Supply of librarians
    7. Age of graduating librarians
    8. Increased competition for librarians
    9. US librarians and libraries during recessions
    10. Attitudes towards library and information science (LIS) education
    11. Attitudes towards work-related issues
    12. Attitudes toward librarianship
    13. Trends in librarian competencies
    14. Conclusion
  30. Chapter 20: The value of libraries: the relationship between change, evaluation and role
    1. Introduction
    2. What is evaluation and why is it important?
    3. Recent key trends and frameworks
    4. Value as a key measure
    5. Values and value: a possible resolution
    6. Conclusion: value, values and transcendence
  31. Chapter 21: The future of and for library and information services: a public library view
    1. Introduction
    2. Future roles and challenges
    3. Reading
    4. Information
    5. Digital library, digital exclusion, and Digital Britain
    6. Supporting democratic living
    7. Lifelong learning
    8. Twenty-first-century space
    9. Twenty-first-century customers
    10. The death of the public library?
    11. Reflection
    12. Conclusion
  32. Chapter 22: The future of public libraries and their services: a Danish perspective
    1. Introduction
    2. The death and rebirth of libraries
    3. Re-inventing the public library
    4. The Danish situation
    5. Policies for the new library
    6. Library space
    7. Developments and examples
    8. Why invest in libraries now?
    9. Local self-service libraries
    10. New partnerships and reaching out
    11. Conclusion: marketing a must
  33. Chapter 23: Library landscapes: digital developments
    1. Introduction
    2. Societal change
    3. Different communities, different responses
    4. Digital content
    5. Matching user support to user needs
    6. Student use of libraries
    7. Libraries and an online presence
    8. Aggregation of content
    9. Libraries as place
    10. Virtual libraries
    11. Conclusion
  34. Chapter 24: Towards Library 2.0: building the library of the future
    1. Introduction
    2. The context for change
    3. A changing education and research landscape
    4. Changes in university libraries
    5. Current technical and social trends
    6. Planning for Library 2.0
    7. Working across university services and functions
    8. An institution-wide approach to planning systems
    9. Other trends: new models for delivery of services
    10. What does this mean for libraries?
    11. The changing role of the librarian
    12. Conclusion
    13. End-note: engagement with national and international debate
  35. Chapter 25: Library 2050
    1. Introduction
    2. If libraries did not exist, would someone invent them?
    3. Turbulent times
    4. Playing consequences: all for one or free for all?
    5. This is your future: towards Library 2050
    6. Conclusion
  36. Index