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Learning Python, 2nd Edition by David Ascher, Mark Lutz

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Appendix B. Solutions to Exercises

See Section 3.13 for the exercises.

  1. Interaction. Assuming Python is configured properly, interaction should look something like the following. You can run this any way you like: in IDLE, from a shell prompt, and so on:

    % python
    ...copyright information lines...
    >>> "Hello World!"
    'Hello World!'
    >>>                     # Ctrl-D or Ctrl-Z to exit, or window close
  2. Programs. Your code (i.e., module) file module1.py and shell interactions should look like:

    print 'Hello module world!'
    
    % python module1.py
    Hello module world!

    Again, feel free to run this other ways—by clicking its icon, by IDLE's Edit/RunScript menu option, and so on.

  3. Modules. The following interaction listing illustrates running a module file by importing it.

    % python
    >>> import module1
    Hello module world!
    >>>

    Remember that you need to reload the module to run again without stopping and restarting the interpreter. The questions about moving the file to a different directory and importing it again is a trick question: if Python generates a module1.pyc file in the original directory, it uses that when you import the module, even if the source code file (.py) has been moved to a directory not on Python's search path. The .pyc file is written automatically if Python has access to the source file's directory and contains the compiled byte-code version of a module. See Part V for more on modules.

  4. Scripts. Assuming your platform supports the #! trick, your solution will look like the following ...

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