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Learning Predictive Analytics with Python by Ashish Kumar

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Fine-tuning the clustering

Deciding the optimum value of K is one of the tough parts while performing a k-means clustering. There are a few methods that can be used to do this.

The elbow method

We earlier discussed that a good cluster is defined by the compactness between the observations of that cluster. The compactness is quantified by something called intra-cluster distance. The intra-cluster distance for a cluster is essentially the sum of pair-wise distances between all possible pairs of points in that cluster.

If we denote intra-cluster distance by W, then for a cluster k intra-cluster, the distance can be denoted by:

The elbow method

Generally, the normalized ...

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