You are previewing Learning PHP, MySQL, JavaScript, and CSS, 2nd Edition.

Learning PHP, MySQL, JavaScript, and CSS, 2nd Edition

Cover of Learning PHP, MySQL, JavaScript, and CSS, 2nd Edition by Robin Nixon Published by O'Reilly Media, Inc.
  1. Learning PHP, MySQL, JavaScript, and CSS
  2. Dedication
  3. Preface
    1. Audience
    2. Assumptions This Book Makes
    3. Organization of This Book
    4. Supporting Books
    5. Conventions Used in This Book
    6. Using Code Examples
    7. Safari® Books Online
    8. How to Contact Us
    9. Acknowledgments
  4. 1. Introduction to Dynamic Web Content
    1. HTTP and HTML: Berners-Lee’s Basics
      1. The Request/Response Procedure
    2. The Benefits of PHP, MySQL, JavaScript, and CSS
      1. Using PHP
      2. Using MySQL
      3. Using JavaScript
      4. Using CSS
    3. The Apache Web Server
    4. About Open Source
    5. Bringing It All Together
    6. Test Your Knowledge
  5. 2. Setting Up a Development Server
    1. What Is a WAMP, MAMP, or LAMP?
    2. Installing a WAMP on Windows
      1. Testing the Installation
      2. Alternative WAMPs
    3. Installing a MAMP on OS X
      1. Configuring MySQL
      2. Testing the Installation
    4. Installing a LAMP on Linux
    5. Working Remotely
      1. Logging In
      2. Using FTP
    6. Using a Program Editor
    7. Using an IDE
    8. Test Your Knowledge
  6. 3. Introduction to PHP
    1. Incorporating PHP Within HTML
      1. Calling the PHP Parser
    2. This Book’s Examples
    3. The Structure of PHP
      1. Using Comments
      2. Basic Syntax
      3. Understanding Variables
      4. Operators
      5. Variable Assignment
      6. Multiple-Line Commands
      7. Variable Typing
      8. Constants
      9. The Difference Between the echo and print Commands
      10. Functions
      11. Variable Scope
    4. Test Your Knowledge
  7. 4. Expressions and Control Flow in PHP
    1. Expressions
      1. Literals and Variables
    2. Operators
      1. Operator Precedence
      2. Associativity
      3. Relational Operators
    3. Conditionals
      1. The if Statement
      2. The else Statement
      3. The elseif Statement
      4. The switch Statement
      5. The ? Operator
    4. Looping
      1. while Loops
      2. do…while Loops
      3. for Loops
      4. Breaking Out of a Loop
      5. The continue Statement
    5. Implicit and Explicit Casting
    6. PHP Dynamic Linking
      1. Dynamic Linking in Action
    7. Test Your Knowledge
  8. 5. PHP Functions and Objects
    1. PHP Functions
      1. Defining a Function
      2. Returning a Value
      3. Returning an Array
      4. Passing by Reference
      5. Returning Global Variables
      6. Recap of Variable Scope
    2. Including and Requiring Files
      1. The include Statement
      2. Using include_once
      3. Using require and require_once
    3. PHP Version Compatibility
    4. PHP Objects
      1. Terminology
      2. Declaring a Class
      3. Creating an Object
      4. Accessing Objects
      5. Constructors
      6. Writing Methods
      7. Declaring Properties
      8. Declaring Constants
      9. Property and Method Scope in PHP 5
      10. Inheritance
    5. Test Your Knowledge
  9. 6. PHP Arrays
    1. Basic Access
      1. Numerically Indexed Arrays
      2. Associative Arrays
      3. Assignment Using the array Keyword
    2. The foreach...as Loop
    3. Multidimensional Arrays
    4. Using Array Functions
      1. is_array
      2. count
      3. sort
      4. shuffle
      5. explode
      6. extract
      7. compact
      8. reset
      9. end
    5. Test Your Knowledge
  10. 7. Practical PHP
    1. Using printf
      1. Precision Setting
      2. String Padding
      3. Using sprintf
    2. Date and Time Functions
      1. Date Constants
      2. Using checkdate
    3. File Handling
      1. Checking Whether a File Exists
      2. Creating a File
      3. Reading from Files
      4. Copying Files
      5. Moving a File
      6. Deleting a File
      7. Updating Files
      8. Locking Files for Multiple Accesses
      9. Reading an Entire File
      10. Uploading Files
    4. System Calls
    5. XHTML
      1. The Benefits of XHTML
      2. XHTML Versions
      3. What’s Different?
      4. HTML 4.01 Document Types
      5. The HTML5 Document Type
      6. XHTML 1.0 Document Types
      7. XHTML Validation
    6. Test Your Knowledge
  11. 8. Introduction to MySQL
    1. MySQL Basics
    2. Summary of Database Terms
    3. Accessing MySQL via the Command Line
      1. Starting the Command-Line Interface
      2. Using the Command-Line Interface
      3. MySQL Commands
      4. Data Types
    4. Indexes
      1. Creating an Index
      2. Querying a MySQL Database
      3. Joining Tables Together
      4. Using Logical Operators
    5. MySQL Functions
    6. Accessing MySQL via phpMyAdmin
      1. Windows Users
      2. OS X Users
      3. Linux Users
      4. Using phpMyAdmin
    7. Test Your Knowledge
  12. 9. Mastering MySQL
    1. Database Design
      1. Primary Keys: The Keys to Relational Databases
    2. Normalization
      1. First Normal Form
      2. Second Normal Form
      3. Third Normal Form
      4. When Not to Use Normalization
    3. Relationships
      1. One-to-One
      2. One-to-Many
      3. Many-to-Many
      4. Databases and Anonymity
    4. Transactions
      1. Transaction Storage Engines
      2. Using BEGIN
      3. Using COMMIT
      4. Using ROLLBACK
    5. Using EXPLAIN
    6. Backing Up and Restoring
      1. Using mysqldump
      2. Creating a Backup File
      3. Restoring from a Backup File
      4. Dumping Data in CSV Format
      5. Planning Your Backups
    7. Test Your Knowledge
  13. 10. Accessing MySQL Using PHP
    1. Querying a MySQL Database with PHP
      1. The Process
      2. Creating a Login File
      3. Connecting to MySQL
    2. A Practical Example
      1. The $_POST Array
      2. Deleting a Record
      3. Displaying the Form
      4. Querying the Database
      5. Running the Program
    3. Practical MySQL
      1. Creating a Table
      2. Describing a Table
      3. Dropping a Table
      4. Adding Data
      5. Retrieving Data
      6. Updating Data
      7. Deleting Data
      8. Using AUTO_INCREMENT
      9. Performing Additional Queries
      10. Preventing SQL Injection
      11. Preventing HTML Injection
    4. Test Your Knowledge
  14. 11. Form Handling
    1. Building Forms
    2. Retrieving Submitted Data
      1. register_globals: An Old Solution Hangs On
      2. Default Values
      3. Input Types
      4. Sanitizing Input
    3. An Example Program
    4. Test Your Knowledge
  15. 12. Cookies, Sessions, and Authentication
    1. Using Cookies in PHP
      1. Setting a Cookie
      2. Accessing a Cookie
      3. Destroying a Cookie
    2. HTTP Authentication
      1. Storing Usernames and Passwords
      2. Salting
    3. Using Sessions
      1. Starting a Session
      2. Ending a Session
      3. Session Security
    4. Test Your Knowledge
  16. 13. Exploring JavaScript
    1. JavaScript and HTML Text
      1. Using Scripts Within a Document Head
      2. Older and Nonstandard Browsers
      3. Including JavaScript Files
      4. Debugging JavaScript Errors
    2. Using Comments
    3. Semicolons
    4. Variables
      1. String Variables
      2. Numeric Variables
      3. Arrays
    5. Operators
      1. Arithmetic Operators
      2. Assignment Operators
      3. Comparison Operators
      4. Logical Operators
      5. Variable Incrementing and Decrementing
      6. String Concatenation
      7. Escaping Characters
    6. Variable Typing
    7. Functions
    8. Global Variables
      1. Local Variables
    9. The Document Object Model (DOM)
      1. But It’s Not That Simple
      2. Using the DOM
    10. Test Your Knowledge
  17. 14. Expressions and Control Flow in JavaScript
    1. Expressions
      1. Literals and Variables
    2. Operators
      1. Operator Precedence
      2. Associativity
      3. Relational Operators
    3. The with Statement
    4. Using onerror
    5. Using try...catch
    6. Conditionals
      1. The if Statement
      2. The switch statement
      3. The ? Operator
    7. Looping
      1. while Loops
      2. do…while Loops
      3. for Loops
      4. Breaking Out of a Loop
      5. The continue Statement
    8. Explicit Casting
    9. Test Your Knowledge
  18. 15. JavaScript Functions, Objects, and Arrays
    1. JavaScript Functions
      1. Defining a Function
      2. Returning a Value
      3. Returning an Array
    2. JavaScript Objects
      1. Declaring a Class
      2. Creating an Object
      3. Accessing Objects
      4. The prototype Keyword
    3. JavaScript Arrays
      1. Numeric Arrays
      2. Associative Arrays
      3. Multidimensional Arrays
      4. Using Array Methods
    4. Test Your Knowledge
  19. 16. JavaScript and PHP Validation and Error Handling
    1. Validating User Input with JavaScript
      1. The validate.html Document (Part One)
      2. The validate.html Document (Part Two)
    2. Regular Expressions
      1. Matching Through Metacharacters
      2. Fuzzy Character Matching
      3. Grouping Through Parentheses
      4. Character Classes
      5. Some More Complicated Examples
      6. Summary of Metacharacters
      7. General Modifiers
      8. Using Regular Expressions in JavaScript
      9. Using Regular Expressions in PHP
    3. Redisplaying a Form After PHP Validation
    4. Test Your Knowledge
  20. 17. Using Ajax
    1. What Is Ajax?
    2. Using XMLHttpRequest
    3. Implementing Ajax via POST Requests
      1. The readyState Property
      2. The Server Half of the Ajax Process
    4. Using GET Instead of POST
    5. Sending XML Requests
      1. About XML
      2. Why Use XML?
    6. Using Frameworks for Ajax
    7. Test Your Knowledge
  21. 18. Introduction to CSS
    1. Importing a Style Sheet
      1. Importing a Style Sheet from Within HTML
    2. Embedded Style Settings
      1. Using IDs
      2. Using Classes
    3. CSS Rules
      1. Using Semicolons
      2. Multiple Assignments
      3. Using Comments
    4. Style Types
      1. Default Styles
      2. User Styles
      3. External Style Sheets
      4. Internal Styles
      5. Inline Styles
    5. CSS Selectors
      1. The Type Selector
      2. The Descendant Selector
      3. The Child Selector
      4. The Adjacent Sibling Selector
      5. The ID Selector
      6. The Class Selector
      7. The Attribute Selector
      8. The Universal Selector
      9. Selecting by Group
    6. The CSS Cascade
      1. Style Sheet Creators
      2. Style Sheet Methods
      3. Style Sheet Selectors
    7. The Difference Between <div> and <span>
    8. Measurements
    9. Fonts and Typography
      1. font-family
      2. font-style
      3. font-size
      4. font-weight
    10. Managing Text Styles
      1. Decoration
      2. Spacing
      3. Alignment
      4. Transformation
      5. Indenting
    11. CSS Colors
      1. Short Color Strings
      2. Gradients
    12. Positioning Elements
      1. Absolute Positioning
      2. Relative Positioning
      3. Fixed Positioning
      4. Comparing Positioning Types
    13. Pseudoclasses
    14. Pseudoelements
    15. Shorthand Rules
    16. The Box Model and Layout
      1. Setting Margins
      2. Applying Borders
      3. Adjusting Padding
      4. Object Contents
    17. Test Your Knowledge
  22. 19. Advanced CSS with CSS3
    1. Attribute Selectors
      1. Matching Parts of Strings
    2. The box-sizing Property
    3. CSS3 Backgrounds
      1. The background-clip Property
      2. The background-origin Property
      3. The background-size Property
      4. Multiple Backgrounds
    4. CSS3 Borders
      1. The border-color Property
      2. The border-radius Property
    5. Box Shadows
    6. Element Overflow
    7. Multicolumn Layout
    8. Colors and Opacity
      1. HSL Colors
      2. HSLA Colors
      3. RGB Colors
      4. RGBA Colors
      5. The opacity Property
    9. Text Effects
      1. The text-shadow Property
      2. The text-overflow Property
      3. The word-wrap Property
    10. Web Fonts
      1. Google Web Fonts
    11. Transformations
    12. Transitions
      1. Properties to Transition
      2. Transition Duration
      3. Transition Delay
      4. Transition Timing
      5. Shorthand Syntax
    13. Test Your Knowledge
  23. 20. Accessing CSS from JavaScript
    1. Revisiting the getElementById Function
      1. The O Function
      2. The S Function
      3. The C Function
      4. Including the Functions
    2. Accessing CSS Properties from JavaScript
      1. Some Common Properties
      2. Other Properties
    3. Inline JavaScript
      1. The this Keyword
      2. Attaching Events to Objects in a Script
      3. Attaching to Other Events
    4. Adding New Elements
      1. Removing Elements
      2. Alternatives to Adding and Removing Elements
    5. Using Interrupts
      1. Using setTimeout
      2. Canceling a Timeout
      3. Using setInterval
      4. Using Interrupts for Animation
    6. Test Your Knowledge
  24. 21. Bringing It All Together
    1. Designing a Social Networking Site
    2. On the Website
    3. functions.php
      1. The Functions
    4. header.php
    5. setup.php
    6. index.php
    7. signup.php
      1. Checking for Username Availability
    8. checkuser.php
    9. login.php
    10. profile.php
      1. Adding the “About Me” Text
      2. Adding a Profile Image
      3. Processing the Image
      4. Displaying the Current Profile
    11. members.php
      1. Viewing a User’s Profile
      2. Adding and Dropping Friends
      3. Listing All Members
    12. friends.php
    13. messages.php
    14. logout.php
    15. styles.css
  25. A. Solutions to the Chapter Questions
    1. Chapter 1 Answers
    2. Chapter 2 Answers
    3. Chapter 3 Answers
    4. Chapter 4 Answers
    5. Chapter 5 Answers
    6. Chapter 6 Answers
    7. Chapter 7 Answers
    8. Chapter 8 Answers
    9. Chapter 9 Answers
    10. Chapter 10 Answers
    11. Chapter 11 Answers
    12. Chapter 12 Answers
    13. Chapter 13 Answers
    14. Chapter 14 Answers
    15. Chapter 15 Answers
    16. Chapter 16 Answers
    17. Chapter 17 Answers
    18. Chapter 18 Answers
    19. Chapter 19 Answers
    20. Chapter 20 Answers
  26. B. Online Resources
    1. PHP Resource Sites
    2. MySQL Resource Sites
    3. JavaScript Resource Sites
    4. Ajax Resource Sites
    5. Miscellaneous Resource Sites
    6. O’Reilly Resource Sites
  27. C. MySQL’s FULLTEXT Stopwords
  28. D. MySQL Functions
    1. String Functions
      1. CONCAT()
      2. CONCAT_WS()
      3. LEFT()
      4. RIGHT()
      5. MID()
      6. LENGTH()
      7. LPAD()
      8. RPAD
      9. LOCATE()
      10. LOWER()
      11. UPPER()
      12. QUOTE()
      13. REPEAT()
      14. REPLACE()
      15. TRIM()
      16. LTRIM() and RTRIM()
    2. Date Functions
      1. CURDATE()
      2. DATE()
      3. DATE_ADD()
      4. DATE_FORMAT()
      5. DAY()
      6. DAYNAME()
      7. DAYOFWEEK()
      8. DAYOFYEAR()
      9. LAST_DAY()
      10. MAKEDATE()
      11. MONTH()
      12. MONTHNAME()
      13. SYSDATE()
      14. YEAR()
      15. WEEK()
      16. WEEKDAY()
    3. Time Functions
      1. CURTIME()
      2. HOUR()
      3. MINUTE()
      4. SECOND()
      5. MAKETIME()
      6. TIMEDIFF()
      7. UNIX_TIMESTAMP()
      8. FROM_UNIXTIME()
  29. Index
  30. About the Author
  31. Colophon
  32. Copyright
O'Reilly logo

Transitions

Also appearing on all the latest versions of the major browsers (including Internet Explorer 10, but not lower versions) is a dynamic new feature called transitions. These specify an animation effect that you want to occur when an element is transformed, and the browser will automatically take care of all the in-between frames for you.

There are four properties you should supply in order to set up a transition, as follows:

transition-property       :property;
transition-duration       :time;
transition-delay          :time;
transition-timing-function:type;

Note

You must preface these properties with the relevant browser prefixes for Mozilla, WebKit, Opera, and Microsoft browsers.

Properties to Transition

Transitions have properties such as height, border-color, and so on. Specify the properties you want to change in the CSS property named transition-property (here the word “property” is used by different tools to mean different things). You can include multiple properties by separating them with commas, like this:

transition-property:width, height, opacity;

Or, if you want absolutely everything about an element to transition (including colors), use the value all, like this:

transition-property:all;

Transition Duration

The transition-duration property requires a value of zero seconds or greater. The following declaration specifies that the transition should take 1.25 seconds to complete:

transition-duration:1.25s;

Transition Delay

If the transition-delay property is given a value greater than zero seconds ...

The best content for your career. Discover unlimited learning on demand for around $1/day.