There are many reasons to modify a binary, and depending on the desired functionality, the binary control flow will be patched in different ways. In the previous example of the Retaliation Virus, the entry point in the ELF file header was modified. There are many other ways to transfer execution to the inserted code, and we will discuss a few of the more common approaches.
In ELF executables and shared libraries, you will notice that there is a section commonly present named
.ctors (commonly also named
.init_array). This section contains an array of addresses that are function pointers called by the initialization code from the
.init section. The function pointers ...