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Learning JavaScript Data Structures and Algorithms - Second Edition by Loiane Groner

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Set operations

We can perform the following operations on sets:

  • Union: Given two sets, this returns a new set with elements from both the given sets
  • Intersection: Given two sets, this returns a new set with the elements that exist in both sets
  • Difference: Given two sets, this returns a new set with all the elements that exist in the first set and do not exist in the second set
  • Subset: This confirms whether a given set is a subset of another set

Set union

The mathematic concept of union is: the union of sets A and B, denoted by:

Set union

This set is defined as:

This means that x (the element) exists in A or x exists in B. The following diagram exemplifies the ...

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