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Learning from Experience by Marilyn Charles

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6 Klein's Paranoid-Schizoid and Depressive Positions

KLEIN (1935, 1946, 1952) added an extremely useful conceptualization to the literature when she began to describe a primitive type of splitting in which aspects of reality could disappear. This is an important concept for us to have in mind in the moment that we are sitting with a patient and something that seemed as though it was known between us suddenly disappears quite completely from view. At these moments, we need to be able to find a way to get our bearings, so that we can know what is unknowable for the patient in a way that does not assault them but rather carries the meaning until such time as they might be able to reencounter it.

Klein (1935, 1946) calls this state of unknowing the ...

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