An inventory file is the source of truth for Ansible (there is also an advanced concept called dynamic inventory, which we will cover later). It follows the INI format and tells Ansible whether the remote host or hosts provided by the user are genuine or not.
Ansible can run its tasks against multiple hosts in parallel. To do this, you can directly pass the list of hosts to Ansible using an inventory file. For such parallel execution, Ansible allows you to group your hosts in the inventory file; the file passes the group name to Ansible. Ansible will search for that group in the inventory file and run its tasks against all the hosts listed in that group.
You can pass the inventory file to Ansible using the