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Learn The Impact of Global Trends (Collection)

Book Description

Using strategic supply chain network design, companies can achieve dramatic savings from their supply chains. Now, experts at IBM and Northwestern University have brought together both the rigorous principles and the practical applications you need to master. You’ll learn how to use supply chain network design to select the right number, location, territory, and size of warehouses, plants, and production lines; and optimize the flow of all products through your supply chain even if extends around the globe. The authors present better ways to decide what to manufacture internally, where to make these products, which products to outsource, and which suppliers to use. They guide you in more effectively managing tradeoffs such as cost vs. service level, improving operational decision-making by integrating analytics throughout supply chain management; and re-optimizing regularly for even greater savings. Supply Chain Network Design combines best practices, the latest methods in optimization and analytics, and cutting-edge case studies: everything you need to maximize the value of supply chain network design.


Replete with examples, cases, and best practices. Emerging Trends in Global Supply Chain Management fully illuminates the game-changing issues supply chain decision-makers now face. Three seasoned practitioners provide state-of-the-art answers and insights into questions like: How do you manage supply and demand in a world marked by demographic and economic shifts that turn your supply and demand markets upside down? How do you secure the supplies you need to sustain and grow your business when resources are severely constrained? Focusing on emerging societal, technological, geopolitical, and environmental macro trends that will powerfully impact every supply chain, they present a complete decision framework for anticipating and solving tomorrow's supply chain problems. Decision-makers will find practical tools, insights, and guidance for systematically mitigating risks and building long-term supply chain-based competitive advantage.

Table of Contents

  1. About This eBook
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Table of Contents
  5. Supply Chain Network Design: Applying Optimization and Analytics to the Global Supply Chain
    1. Copyright Page
    2. Dedication Page
    3. Praise for Supply Chain Network Design
    4. Acknowledgments
    5. About the Authors
    6. Preface
      1. Book Web Site
    7. Part I: Introduction and Basic Building Blocks
      1. 1. The Value of Supply Chain Network Design
        1. What Is Supply Chain Network Design and Why Is It Important?
        2. Quantitative Data: Why Does Geography Matter?
        3. Quantitative Data: Why Have Warehouses?
        4. Quantitative Data: Why Have Multiple Plants?
        5. Solving the Quantitative Aspects of the Problem Using Optimization
        6. Data Precision Versus Significance: What Is the Right Level in Modeling?
        7. Nonquantifiable Data: What Other Factors Need to Be Considered?
        8. Nonquantifiable Data: What Are the Organizational Challenges?
        9. Where Are We Going with the Book?
        10. End-of-Chapter Questions
      2. 2. Intuition Building with Center of Gravity Models
        1. Problem 1: Physics Weighted-Average Centering
        2. Problem 2: Practical Center of Gravity
        3. Lessons Learned from Center of Gravity Problems
        4. End-of-Chapter Questions
      3. 3. Locating Facilities Using a Distance-Based Approach
        1. Retail Case Study: Al’s Athletics
        2. Formal Problem Definition for Locating “P” Facilities
        3. Formulating and Solving the Problem
        4. Hands-On Excel Exercise
        5. Analysis of This Model for Al’s Athletics
        6. Lessons Learned from Locating Facilities with a Distance-Based Approach
        7. End-of-Chapter Questions
      4. 4. Alternative Service Levels and Sensitivity Analysis
        1. What Does Service Level Mean?
        2. Supply Chain Design Service Levels
        3. Consumer Products Case Study: Chen’s Cosmetics
        4. Consumer Products Case Study: Chen’s Cosmetics European Warehouse Selections
        5. Mathematical Formulation
        6. Service-Level Constraints
        7. The Importance of Sensitivity Analysis on Any Solution
        8. Lessons Learned from Alternative Service Levels and Sensitivity Analysis Modeling
        9. End-of-Chapter Questions
      5. 5. Adding Capacity to the Model
        1. Case Study: Swimming Pool Chemicals
        2. Case Study: Warehouse Capacity Utilization
        3. Case Study: Paint Company and Capacity
        4. Adding Capacity to the Model
        5. Mathematical Formulation
        6. Possible Difficulty with Models That Have Capacity Constraints
        7. How Capacity Constraints Can Change a Model
        8. Lessons Learned for Adding Capacity to Our Models
        9. End-of-Chapter Questions
    8. Part II: Adding Costs to Two-Echelon Supply Chains
      1. 6. Adding Outbound Transportation to the Model
        1. Formulating and Solving the Problem
        2. Demand is Expressed in Total, Not Shipment by Shipment
        3. Transportation Costs Per Unit
        4. Determining All the Transportation Costs
        5. Regression Analysis for Building a Rate Matrix
        6. Estimating Multistop Costs
        7. Transportation Case Study
        8. Lessons Learned with Transportation
        9. End-of-Chapter Questions
      2. 7. Introducing Facility Fixed and Variable Costs
        1. Mathematical Formulation
        2. Facility Variable Costs
        3. Facility Fixed Costs
        4. Categorizing Fixed and Variable Costs by Analyzing Accounting Data
        5. Lessons Learned from Adding Facility Variable and Fixed Costs
        6. End-of-Chapter Questions
      3. 8. Baselines and Optimal Baselines
        1. Actual Baseline
        2. Optimized Baseline
        3. Other Versions of the Baseline
        4. Baseline Case Study—Illinois Quality Parts, Inc.
        5. Lessons Learned from Baseline and Optimized Baseline Modeling
        6. End-of-Chapter Questions
    9. Part III: Advanced Modeling and Expanding to Multiple Echelons
      1. 9. Three-Echelon Supply Chain Modeling
        1. JADE’s Corporate Background
        2. Determining Warehouse Locations with Fixed Plants and Customers
        3. The Problem and the Mathematical Formulation
        4. JADE Case Study Continued...
        5. Plant Locations Considering the Source of Raw Material
        6. Linking Locations Together for More Than Three Echelons
        7. Lessons Learned from Three-Echelon Supply Chain Modeling
        8. End-of-Chapter Questions
      2. 10. Adding Multiple Products and Multisite Production Sourcing
        1. Why Model Products?
        2. Adding Products to the Model—Mathematical Formulation
        3. Case Study—Value Grocers, Grocery Retailer
        4. Addition of Product Sourcing
        5. Modeling Bills-of-Material (BOMs)
        6. Bills-of-Material Example—Beer Manufacturing Process Modeling
        7. Lessons Learned from Adding Products
        8. End-of-Chapter Questions
      3. 11. Multi-Objective Optimization
        1. Lessons Learned with Multi-Objective Optimization
        2. End-of-Chapter Questions
    10. Part IV: How to Get Industrial-Strength Results
      1. 12. The Art of Modeling
        1. Understanding the Supply Chain
        2. Start with Small Models and Iterate
        3. Run a Lot of Scenarios—Don’t Be Afraid to Experiment
        4. Don’t Be Afraid of Including Things in the Model That Don’t Exist in the Actual Supply Chain
        5. Models Are Not a Substitute for Due Diligence and Decision Making
        6. Optimization Will Do Anything to Save a Penny
        7. Debugging Models
        8. Fixing Infeasible Models
        9. Fixing Feasible Models
        10. Lessons Learned for the Art of Modeling
        11. End-of-Chapter Questions
      2. 13. Data Aggregation in Network Design
        1. Aggregation of Customers
        2. Validating the Customer Aggregation Strategy—National Example
        3. Validating Customer Aggregation—Regional Example
        4. Aggregation of Products
        5. Testing the Product Aggregation Strategy
        6. Aggregation of Sites
        7. Aggregation of Time Periods
        8. Aggregation of Cost Types
        9. Lessons Learned on Aggregation
        10. End-of-Chapter Questions
      3. 14. Creating a Group and Running a Project
        1. Typical Steps to Complete a Network Design Study
        2. Setting Up a Modeling Group
        3. Lessons Learned
        4. End-of-Chapter Questions
    11. Part V: Case Study Wrap Up
      1. 15. Case Study: JPMS Chemicals Case Study
        1. Indian Chemical Company—Case Study
        2. Single-Sourcing
        3. State-Based Single-Sourcing
        4. Lessons Learned from the Case
        5. End-of-Chapter Questions
    12. Index
    13. FT Press
  6. Global Macrotrends and Their Impact on Supply Chain Management: Strategies for Gaining Competitive Advantage
    1. Copyright Page
    2. Dedication Page
    3. Acknowledgments
    4. About the Authors
    5. Preface
    6. Part I: Global Macrotrends Impacting the Supply Chain Environment
      1. 1. Supply Chain Management in the 21st Century
        1. A Note on Futurism
        2. The Underpinnings of Supply Chain Management
        3. What You Will Learn from This Book
        4. Managing the Supply Chain to Mitigate Macrotrend Risks
      2. 2. Global Population Growth and Migration
        1. Impacts of Population Change on Demand and Supply
        2. Population Growth Perspectives
        3. Organic Population Growth Issues for Supply Chain Managers
        4. Supply Chain Problems Created by Migration-Based Growth
        5. The Future Supply Chain Manager’s Population-Oriented Agenda
      3. 3. Global Connectivity and Socioeconomic Leveling
        1. Is Globalization Real?
        2. Economic Leveling and Connectivity Issues for Future Supply Chain Managers
      4. 4. The Changing Physical Environment
        1. The Environment and You, You and the Environment
        2. Environmental Pressures on Supply Chains
        3. Environmental Challenges for Future Supply Chain Managers
      5. 5. Geopolitical and Social Systems Disruptions
        1. Commodity Hoarding and Export Restriction: The China Syndrome
        2. Government Risks and Considerations
        3. Tangible and Virtual Intentional Disruptions
        4. Geopolitical Challenges for Future Supply Chain Managers
    7. Part II: Macrotrend Implications for Supply Chain Functionality
      1. 6. Implications for Supply Chain Planning: Demand and Supply Uncertainty
        1. How Supply Chain Plans Improve Performance
        2. The Supply Chain Planning Function
        3. Macrotrend Demand/Supply Impacts: Supply Chain Planning Considerations
      2. 7. Implications for Sourcing/Procurement: Natural Resource Scarcity
        1. Understanding Resource Scarcity Today and Tomorrow
        2. Natural Resource Attributes and Their Future Implications
        3. The Seven Forces Driving Resource Scarcity
        4. Scarcity Strategies for the Future Procurement/Supply Manager
        5. Sourcing and Procurement Responses to Resource Scarcity Through 2030
      3. 8. Implications for Production: Disrupted Process Flows
        1. Manufacturing and the Larger Economy
        2. Manufacturing-Driven Supply Chain Strategies
        3. Manufacturing Strategies for the Future Production Manager
      4. 9. Implications for Transportation/Logistics: Congestion and Infrastructure Decay
        1. Friction of Distance
        2. Public-Private Partnerships and Other Solutions
        3. Responding to Congestion, Distance Friction, and an Overwhelmed Infrastructure
        4. Diffusing Congestion with Advanced Technologies
    8. Part III: Macrotrend Risk-Mitigation Strategies
      1. 10. Mitigating Supply-Driven Imbalance
        1. Employment Approaches
        2. Conservation Approaches
        3. Resource Scarcity Mitigation Strategies for the Supply Chain
        4. Mitigating Supply-Driven Imbalances
      2. 11. Mitigating Demand-Driven Imbalance
        1. Demand Shaping in the Transforming World: Macro and Micro Issues
        2. The Case for Demand/Supply Integration
        3. Implementing DSI to Mitigate Demand-Side Imbalances
        4. Applying the Demand-Imbalance Mitigation Strategies
    9. Index
    10. Financial Times Press