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Langford's Basic Photography, 10th Edition

Book Description

This seminal photography text, now in its 10th edition and celebrating its 50th anniversary, has been revamped, reorganized, and modernized to include the most up-to-date, need to know information for photographers. Ideal for students, beginners, and advanced users wanting to brush up on the fundamentals of photography, this book is a must have for any photographer’s bookcase. The heart of this text, however, retains the same comprehensive mix of scholarly and practical information.

The new edition has been fully updated to reflect dynamic changes in the industry. These changes include:

an expansion and overhaul of the information on digital cameras and digital printing;

an emphasis on updating photographs to include a wider range of international work;

replacement of many diagrams with photos;

overhaul of the analogue sections to give a more modern tone (ie exposure measurement and film and filters with some more dynamic photo illustrations).

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Contents
  6. Foreword
  7. Introduction
  8. Picture credits
  9. 1 WHAT IS PHOTOGRAPHY?
    1. Why Photography?
    2. How Photography Works
    3. Picture Structuring
    4. The Roles Photographs Play
    5. Changing Attitudes Toward Photography
    6. Personal Styles and Approaches
    7. Measuring Success
  10. 2 LIGHT: HOW IMAGES ARE FORMED
    1. Light Itself
    2. Wavelengths and Colors
    3. Shadows
    4. When Light Reaches a Surface
    5. Light Intensity and Distance
    6. Making Light form Images
  11. 3 LENSES AND FILTERS: CONTROLLING THE IMAGE
    1. Photographic Lenses
    2. Aperture and f-numbers
    3. Depth of Field
    4. How Depth of Field Works
    5. Depth of Focus
    6. Using Different Focal Length Lenses, Camera Kits
    7. Why Change Focal Length?
    8. Lens Kits
    9. Image Stabilization
    10. Close-up Equipment
    11. Lens Care
    12. Essentials and Extras
    13. Which Kit Works for You?
    14. Filters—How They Work
  12. 4 CAMERAS
    1. The Essential Components
    2. Camera Types—Which is Best?
    3. Getting Started with Digital Cameras
    4. Digital Cameras
    5. Film Cameras
  13. 5 EXPOSURE MEASUREMENT
    1. Factors that Determine What Exposure to Give
    2. Measuring Exposure for Continuous Light
    3. Practical Exposure Tips
    4. Measuring Exposure for Flash
    5. Practical Flash Exposure Tips
    6. Exposing Different Film Types
  14. 6 ORGANIZING THE PICTURE
    1. Noticing Subject Features
    2. Structuring Pictures Through the Camera
    3. Where Photographs Go
  15. 7 LIGHTING
    1. Principles and Equipment
    2. Basic Characteristics of Lighting
    3. Lighting Equipment
    4. Practical Lighting Problems
    5. Special Subjects
  16. 8 DIGITAL WORKFLOW
    1. Before Making your First Photographs
    2. During the Shoot
    3. Downloading your Images
    4. Processing Raw Files
    5. Digitizing Film
    6. Filing for Output
    7. Archiving
  17. 9 DIGITAL POSTPRODUCTION
    1. Photoshop
    2. Working with Color and Contrast
    3. Color
    4. Retouching Tools
    5. The Crop Tool (C)
    6. Panoramic Joiners with Photomerge
    7. Actions
    8. Useful Photoshop Shortcuts
  18. 10 FILM AND FILM PROCESSING
    1. Silver Halide Emulsions
    2. Features Common to all Films
    3. Choosing Films for Black and White
    4. Films for Color Photography
    5. Storing Film—Before and After Exposure
    6. So Which Film is "Best"?
    7. Film Processing
    8. Processing Black and White (Silver Image) Negatives
    9. Processing Chromogenic (Color and Black and White) Negatives
    10. Processing Color Slides and Transparencies
    11. Permanence of Processed Results
  19. 11 BLACK AND WHITE PRINTING: TECHNIQUES, EQUIPMENT, AND FACILITIES
    1. Making a Print
    2. Printing Papers
    3. Safelighting and Printing Paper Sensitivity
    4. Developing Prints
    5. Making Contact Prints
    6. "Straight" Enlarging
    7. Controls During Enlarging
    8. Common Print Faults
    9. Variations
    10. Chemical Afterwork
    11. Retouching
    12. Toning
    13. Tinting
    14. Etching
    15. Image Reduction and Bleach-Out
    16. Permanence and Archiving
    17. Darkroom Organization
    18. Equipment: The Enlarger
  20. 12 MOVING IMAGE AND PHOTOGRAPHY
    1. Introduction
    2. Approaching Moving Images
    3. Moving Image Essentials
    4. Working for Offline and Online Screen Display
    5. Capturing and Remapping Time with Time-lapse Photography
    6. Basic Time-Lapse Photography Production
    7. Shooting DSLR Video
    8. Animated GIFs and Derivatives
  21. 13 FINISHING AND PRESENTING WORK
    1. The Permanence of Prints
    2. Mounting Methods and Framing
    3. Spotting/Retouching
    4. Getting your Work Noticed
    5. Pictures on the Internet
    6. Building your Own Site
  22. Appendices
    1. Appendix A: Optical calculations
    2. Appendix B: Camera movements
    3. Appendix C: Expressing film response
    4. Appendix D: Chemical formulae
    5. Appendix E: Health and safety concerns
    6. Appendix F: Digital notebook
    7. Appendix G: Photography timeline
  23. Glossary
  24. Index