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Land Use, Climate Change and Biodiversity Modeling

Book Description

How humans use terrestrial land affects the earth and all life forms on it. Biodiversity loss and climate change are consequences of the same inappropriate and careless uses of land that negatively impact ecosystems on a smaller scale.Land Use, Climate Change and Biodiversity Modeling: Perspectives and Applications combines state-of-the-art modeling approaches at various scales with case studies from across the world. These examples help natural resource managers, scientists, and decision makers overcome their fear of models. The case studies show how to translate models into results and illustrate how pro-active implementation can mitigate biodiversity loss. This material will interest individual researchers, but it is also critical for policy-makers committed to the future of the planet.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
    1. EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD
    2. LIST OF REVIEWERS
  5. Foreword
  6. Preface
  7. Acknowledgment
  8. Section 1: Introduction
    1. Chapter 1: Linkage between Biodiversity, Land Use Informatics and Climate Change
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BIODIVERSITY
      4. 3. LAND USE, LAND COVER AND INFORMATICS
      5. 4. CLIMATE CHANGE
      6. 5. BOOK STRUCTURE AND CHAPTER SUMMARIES
  9. Section 2: Setting the Scene
    1. Chapter 2: Consequences of Deforestation and Climate Change on Biodiversity
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. FORESTS AND CLIMATES
      3. 2. FORESTS, CLIMATES AND BIODIVERSITY
      4. 3. FOREST ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS AND BIODIVERSITY
      5. 4. CLIMATE CHANGE AND FORESTS
      6. 5. CLIMATE CHANGE AND FOREST BIODIVERSITY
      7. 6. DEFORESTATION AND CLIMATES
      8. 7. DEFORESTATION AND FOREST BIODIVERSITY
      9. 8. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 3: Geo-Informatics for Land Use and Biodiversity Studies
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. LAND USE/LAND COVER CHARACTERIZATION
      4. 3. LU/LC AND BIODIVERSITY
      5. 4. GEO-INFORMATICS
      6. 5. SPATIAL MAPPING – MODELING
      7. 6. BIODIVERSITY CHARACTERIZATION
      8. 7. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS
      9. 8. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 4: Monitoring Biodiversity Using Remote Sensing and Field Surveys
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. GEO-SPATIAL MODELLING OF EUROPEAN LANDSCAPES AND HABITATS
      4. 3. MONITORING EUROPEAN HABITATS USING REMOTE SENSING
      5. 4. QUESTIONS IN RELATION TO SPATIAL IDENTIFICATION AND MONITORING
      6. 5. DISCUSSION
  10. Section 3: Methods: Land Use and Biodiversity Modeling
    1. Chapter 5: Integrated Modeling of Global Environmental Change (IMAGE)
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. HISTORY OF THE IMAGE MODEL
      4. 3. IMAGE 2.4
      5. 4. UNCERTAINTY AND SENSITIVITY
      6. 5. APPLICATIONS
    2. Chapter 6: Simulating Land Use Policies Targeted to Protect Biodiversity with the CLUE-Scanner Model
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. METHODS
      4. 3. RESULTS
      5. 4. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
    3. Chapter 7: Landscape Biodiversity Characterization in Ecoregion 29 Using MODIS
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. STUDY AREA
      4. 3. DATA USED
      5. 4. BIODIVERSITY RICHNESS ESTIMATION MODEL
      6. 5. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 8: Applying GLOBIO at Different Geographical Levels
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. MODEL DESCRIPTION
      4. 3. HOW TO APPLY GLOBIO
      5. 4. FUTURE PROJECTIONS
      6. 5. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 9: Modeling Species Distribution
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. CONCEPTS
      4. 3. MODELING ELEPHANT DISTRIBUTION
      5. 3.5 PRESENCE –ABSENCE DATA (LOGISTIC REGRESSION MODELING)
      6. 4. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS
  11. Section 4: Case Studies
    1. Chapter 10: Modeling Land Use and Biodiversity in Northern Thailand
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS
      4. 3. RESULTS
      5. 4. DISCUSSION
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
    2. Chapter 11: The Current and Future Status of Floristic Provinces in Thailand
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. MATERIAL AND METHODS
      4. 3. RESULTS
      5. 4. DISCUSSION
      6. 5. CONCLUSION
    3. Chapter 12: Biodiversity Modelling Experiences in Ukraine
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. REGIONAL BIODIVERSITY MODELLING HISTORY
      4. 3. MODELLING APPROACHES
      5. 4. RESULTS
      6. 5. SOLUTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
    4. Chapter 13: Regional Scenarios of Biodiversity State in the Tropical Andes
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. CURRENT APPROACHES
      4. 3. ESTIMATING BIODIVERSITY TRENDS IN TROPICAL ANDEAN COUNTRIES
      5. 4. RESULTS
      6. 5. DISCUSSION
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
    5. Chapter 14: The Influence of Changing Conservation Paradigms on Identifying Priority Protected Area Locations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. CONSERVATION PLANNING AND BIODIVERSITY
      4. 3. MODELLING GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON BIODIVERSITY
      5. 4. THE BIOCLIMA MODEL
      6. 5. APPLYING THE BIOCLIMA MODEL TO AMAZONIA
      7. 6. PLANNING APPLICATIONS OF OTHER CONSERVATION PARADIGMS
      8. 7. TOWARDS A COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING TOOL
      9. 8. CONCLUSION
    6. Chapter 15: Land Degradation and Biodiversity Loss in Southeast Asia
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. LAND DEGRATION
      3. 2. BIODIVERSITY LOSS
      4. 3. ASSESSESSMENT OF LAND DEGRADATION AND BIODIVERSITY LOSS
      5. 4. CASE STUDY I: LAND DEGRADATION ASSESSMENT IN THE LOWER MEKONG BASIN
      6. 5. CASE STUDY II: LINKAGE OF PLANT DIVERSITY WITH BIOMASS AND SOIL EROISON IN AGRICULTURAL LANDSCAPE OF KHLONG YAI WATERSHED, THAILAND
    7. Chapter 16: Sustainable Land Use and Watershed Management in Response to Climate Change Impacts
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. DEFINITION AND BACKGROUND OF WATERSHED MANAGEMENT APPROACH
      4. 3. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM AND ITS APPLICATIONS
      5. 4. COMPUTER-BASED SYSTEM FOR SUPPORTING SPATIAL DECISION
      6. 5. AN EXAMPLE OF METHODOLOGY DEVELOPMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE LAND USE AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT IN RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN DONG NAI WATERSHED, VIETNAM
      7. 6. CONCLUSION
    8. Chapter 17: Modeling of current and future state of biodiversity in Central America using GLOBIO3 methodology
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BACKGROUND
      4. 3. APPLYING GLOBIO3 AT THE CENTRAL AMERICAN CONTEXT
      5. 4. RESULTS
      6. 5. DISCUSSION
      7. 6. FUTURE RESEARCH DIRECTIONS & MODEL TRANSFERRING
      8. 8. CONCLUSION
    9. Chapter 18: Spatial Model Approach for Deforestation
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. METHODOLOGY
      4. 3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
      5. 4. CONCLUSION
    10. Chapter 19: Embedding Biodiversity Modelling in the Policy Process
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. CAPCITY BUILDING
      4. 3. BIODIVERSITY ASSESSMENT AND POVERTY LINKAGES PROJECT IN VIETNAM
      5. 4. BIODIVERSITY MODELLING IN STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS
      6. 6. CONCLUSION
  12. Section 5: Conclusion
    1. Chapter 20: Conclusion and Recommendations
      1. ABSTRACT
      2. 1. INTRODUCTION
      3. 2. BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES
      4. 3. LAND USE, CLIMATE AND BIODIVERSITY MODELS
      5. 4. EFFECTS OF LAND USE AND CLIMATE CHANGE ON BIODIVERSITY
      6. 5. EMBEDDING THE MODEL RESULTS INTO LAND USE PLANNING
      7. 6. FUTURE DIRECTIONS AND RESEARCH
  13. Compilation of References
  14. About the Contributors
  15. Foreword