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Key Buildings from Prehistory to the Present by Andrew Ballantyne

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Mosque Cathedral of Córdoba

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Córdoba, Andalusia, Spain; mosque begun 786, cathedral begun 1523

Córdoba has been a provincial capital since Roman times, and for some stretches of its history the province it headed was an important one. In the tenth century Córdoba was the largest city in the world, and at that time it oversaw the independent Islamic state of al-Andalus, or Andalusia. The city’s mosque was built on a site formerly occupied by the principal Roman temple and, later, when the country was ruled by the Visigoths, by a church. The church was commandeered as a mosque after the Islamic conquest of 711, when the city was answerable to Damascus, ...

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