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Key Buildings from Prehistory to the Present by Andrew Ballantyne

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Dome of the Rock

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Jerusalem, Israel; 687–91 CE

Tradition has it that the Ark of the Covenant, in which Moses’ Tablets of Law were carried during his 40 years of wandering, eventually found a home in the temple that Solomon built in Jerusalem. That temple was ransacked and destroyed in 568 BCE by Babylonians. It was replaced by a second temple, larger in size but less preciously ornamented, which was sacked by the Romans in 70 BCE.)

Some of the second temple’s substructure remains. It was located on a natural rocky outcrop, the Temple Mount, which was built up artificially to make a level platform for the building. The rock around which the Dome ...

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