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Key Buildings from Prehistory to the Present by Andrew Ballantyne

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Temple of Apollo epikourios

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Bassae, Greece; 450–425 BCE

Apollo Epikourios was Apollo the saviour, credited (on the hearsay evidence of an ancient traveller) with having helped the local population through a plague. It is unclear who the local people were, as the temple is not close to a city but in the remote mountainous region of Arcadia.

It seems amazing that the inhabitants were able to commission a building of such high quality – a structure that was unknown to the wider world until it was rediscovered in the early nineteenth century. Once it had been found, the finely carved marble parts were soon dispersed. The frieze went to the British ...

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