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Key Buildings from Prehistory to the Present by Andrew Ballantyne

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Agora of | Forum of Rome

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Athens, Greece | Rome, Italy

Ancient Athens was much less built-up than the modern city. Nevertheless it had a designated open space – the Agora – that was set apart as a sanctuary and had an important role in civic life. Indeed, it was the principal instrument in engendering civic life. It brought people together, sometimes casually by chance, sometimes in order to participate in events. In its early days, it was nothing more than an open space, with a temple presiding over it (the Hephaisteion – dedicated to Athena and her half-brother, Hephaistos, a blacksmith). The Athenians liked their activities to have architectural ...

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