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Key Buildings from Prehistory to the Present by Andrew Ballantyne

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Tomb of Mausolus

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Satyros and Pythis

Halicarnassus (Bodrum), Turkey; 353–350 BCE

Mausolus died in 353 BCE. His sister Artemisia had also been his wife, which was not an unusual arrangement among the ruling class of the Persian Empire. Such was her devotion to him that she drank his ashes, so that she could become his living tomb, and she did not stop there. She commissioned a funerary monument so extravagant that it became known as one of the world’s wonders: the Mausoleion (Latinized to Mausoleum), which began as the tomb of Mausolus and later became the general name for a monumental tomb.

Halicarnassus was part of the Persian Empire, and Mausolus’ ...

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