Basic kernels and kernel types
There are two key properties that are required of a kernel function for an application. Firstly, it should capture the measure of similarity appropriate to the particular task and domain, and secondly, its evaluation should require significantly less computation than would be needed in an explicit evaluation of the corresponding feature mapping ϕ. Both of these issues will be addressed in the next four chapters but the current chapter begins the consideration of the efficiency question.
A number of computational methods can be deployed in order to shortcut the computation: some involve using closed-form analytic ...