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Job Search Handbook for People with Disabilities, 3rd Edition
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Job Search Handbook for People with Disabilities, 3rd Edition
by Daniel J. Ryan Ph.D.
Publisher: JIST Publishing
Release Date: January 2011
Personal & Professional Development
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Table of contents
A complete career planning and job search guide for people with physical and mental disabilities.
Table of Contents
Employment and Income Statistics
How to Use This Book
The Job Search as a Sales Campaign
PART I Preparing for Your Job Search
CHAPTER 1 Assessing Your Skills, Abilities, and Goals
Exercises for Self-Assessment
Write Your Career Autobiography
Identify Your Skills and Traits
Know Your Weaknesses
Assess the Issues Relating to Your Disability
Determine Your Traits and Characteristics
Identify Your Values
Career Assessment Instruments
Aptitude and Achievement Assessment
Adult Basic Learning Examination
Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery
Differential Aptitude Test with Career Interest Inventory
Tests of Adult Basic Education
United States Employment Service General Aptitude Test Battery (GATB) and Interest Inventory (USES II)
World of Work Inventory
Career Directions Inventory
Career Occupational Preference System Interest Inventory
Harrington-O’Shea Career Decision-Making System
Strong Interest Inventory
Instruments for People with Disabilities
Computer-Based Guidance Systems
Choices Planner CT
Assessment Instruments on the Internet
The Campbell Interest and Skill Survey
The Career Interest Game
The Career Key
Keirsey Temperament Sorter
You Are Not Alone
Support for Continuing Your Education
HEATH Resource Center
CHAPTER 2 Exploring Careers
Targeting Specific Occupations to Research
Sources of Information
Hands-On Work with the O*NET
Occupational Outlook Handbook
Professional Associations and Trade Groups
How Do You Set Up an Informational Interview?
What Do You Ask About in an Informational Interview?
Starting Your Own Business
Evaluating the Possibilities
CHAPTER 3 Developing Your Skills
The Office of Apprenticeship
Workforce Recruitment Program
Cooperative Education (Co-op)
Possible Sources of Nonassertiveness
Tips for Becoming More Assertive
Be Willing to Take Risks
Be Happy About Your Successes
Keep Learning and Improving
Practice Speaking Assertively
Listen to Your Voice
Be Aware of Your Body Language
Be True to Yourself
Know Your Material
Speak to the Listener(s)
Keep It Brief
Create an Image in the Listener’s Mind
Mean What You Say
Join a Speaker’s Club
PART II Marketing Yourself to Potential Employers
CHAPTER 4 Creating Your Resume
Dissecting the Resume
Objective and Qualifications Summary
A self-serving tone:
Vague job title or career goal:
Honors and Awards
Hobbies, Interests, and Personal Information
Samples of Chronological Resumes
Sample Functional Resumes
What Shouldn’t Go on Your Resume?
What Color Paper Should I Use?
How Many Pages Should My Resume Be?
What Font Should I Use?
What Text Formatting Should I Use?
Should I Post My Resume on My Web Site?
Should I Adjust My Resume Formatting for E-mail or Online Submissions?
CHAPTER 5 Writing a Great Cover Letter
Getting Started with Contact Info
Answer Three Important Questions
Why Are You Writing?
What Do You Want to Say?
Some Sample Second Sections
What Do You Want the Person Reading the Letter to Do in Response to Having Read It?
An assertive approach:
A passive approach:
Finishing the Letter
Sample Cover Letters for Different Situations
In Response to an Ad with Contact Information
In Response to a Blind Ad
To a Personal Contact
Combination Cover Letter/Resume
For a Job for Which Your Disability Is an Asset
In Regard to a Lead from a Friend
Online Cover Letter Help
PART III Applying and Interviewing for Jobs
CHAPTER 6 Networking and Mentors
Networking—a Numbers Game
Establishing a Network
Focusing on the First Ring
Reaching Out to the Second Ring
Making Contact by Telephone
Sample Scripts for a First-Time Phone Contact
Getting Past the Gatekeepers
Brushing Up on Your Speaking Skills
Organizing, Prioritizing, and Following Up
Finding a Mentor
People Without Disabilities in a Similar Field
People with Similar Disabilities in a Similar Field
People with Similar Disabilities in a Different Field
A Long-Term Relationship
CHAPTER 7 Other Ways to Generate Job Leads
Using the Newspaper to Find Leads
National and Local News
Tax Liens, Mortgages, DBAs
U.S. Department of Labor
College Career Centers
State Vocational Rehabilitation Offices
Business Leadership Network
Careers and the DisABLED Magazine
National Business and Disability Council
United Cerebral Palsy Employment and Training
Office of Disability Employment Policy
CHAPTER 8 Managing Your Job Search
Goal Setting and Record Keeping
Time Management and the Job Search
Beating the Odds
Don’t Overlook the Smaller Companies
Don’t Forget the Not-for-Profits
Consider Government Jobs
CHAPTER 9 Applying for Jobs
Sending a Resume and Cover Letter
Filling Out a Written Application Form
Don’t Be Too Wordy
Beware of Traps
Improving Your Chances of Getting the Job
CHAPTER 10 Preparing for the Interview
Doing Your Research
Researching the Field
Researching the Company
Company Public Relations Literature
Public Relations Materials from Competing Organizations or Product Lines
On the Internet
Researching the Recruiter/Interviewer
Addressing Accessibility Issues
Rehearsing for the Interview
Disclosing Your Disability
Keep It Short and Simple
Have a Preplanned Message
Work Your Message into the Answer
Don’t Be Afraid to Pause!
Don’t Start Formulating Your Answers While the Interviewer Is Still Asking the Question
Answering Common Interview Questions
Sample Answers for the Most Commonly Asked Questions
Tell Me a Little About Yourself.
Why Should I Hire You?
What Kind of Leader Are You? What Kind of Team Player Are You?
What Is Your Greatest Strength?
What Is Your Biggest Weakness?
Tell Me About Your Most Recent Position. Why Did You Leave Your Last Job?
What Makes You Interested in This Position? What Do You Know About Our Organization?
Where Do You See Yourself in Five Years? What Would Your Dream Job Be Like?
What Kind of Salary Are You Looking For?
Sample Answers for Problem Questions
How Will You Be Able to Do the Job?
Why Are You Interested in (Qualified for) This Job at This Stage of Your Career?
Can You Explain This Gap on Your Resume When You Were Not Working?
Questions They Can’t Ask You
Reading the Interviewer
The Day of the Interview
Choosing What to Wear
Arriving at the Interview Site
Some Online Interviewing Resources
The College of William & Mary Career Center
CHAPTER 11 After the Interview
Writing Thank-You Letters
Sample Thank-You Letters
Following Up via the Phone
Send a Thank-You Note
Ask for Feedback
Ask if You Can Stay in Touch as a Networking Contact
The Uneven Playing Field
Employment Provisions of the ADA
Who Is Covered?
Prohibited Inquiries and Examinations
Types of Discrimination That Are Covered Under the ADA
What to Do If You Think You Have Been Discriminated Against
Who Can File a Charge of Discrimination?
How Is a Charge of Discrimination Filed?
What Information Must Be Provided to File a Charge?
What Are the Time Limits for Filing a Charge of Discrimination?
What Happens After a Charge Is Filed with the EEOC?
When Can an Individual File an Employment Discrimination Lawsuit in Court?
What Remedies Are Available When Discrimination Is Found?
More Questions and Answers About the ADA— From the Department of Justice Web Site
Negotiating the Offer
Taking Time to Consider an Offer
Turning Down an Offer
PART IV Succeeding at Work
CHAPTER 12 Keeping the Job
Having the Right Attitude
Succeeding at Office Politics
Looking for Projects
Fitting In and Succeeding with a Disability
Normalizing Your Disability for Your Peers and Coworkers
Being Ready for the Next Opportunity When It Presents Itself
Knowing How to Handle Changes in Insurance
CHAPTER 13 Accommodating Your Disability on the Job
Real-Life Sample Accommodations
Altering the Job Duties or Work Schedule
Modifying the Facility
Purchasing Adaptive Equipment
Developing Special Equipment
Modifying a Product
Designing an Entirely New Product
Accommodations Don’t Have to Be Expensive
Sample Disability-Specific Accommodations from the Job Accommodation Network
Accommodating People Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Communicating Over the Telephone
Communicating During Meetings
Responding to Fire or Emergency Alarms
Responding to Other Sounds in the Environment
Difficulty with Extraneous Noises
Communicating with Workers in the Field
Responding to Vehicles in the Workplace
Sample Accommodations for People Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Accommodating People with Epilepsy
Actual Accommodations for People with Epilepsy
APPENDIX Job Links from the U.S. Department of Labor Office of Disability Employment Policy