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JMP 11 Quality and Process Methods

Book Description

Quality and Process Methods describes tools for evaluating and improving processes. The book begins by discussing creating control charts, which let you visualize process measurements over time, quantify common cause variation, and identify special cause variation. Details about estimating your process capability based on measurement systems analysis studies are included. Lastly, the book discusses Pareto plots and cause-and-effect diagrams to identify root causes of variability.

Table of Contents

  1. Contents
  2. Learn about JMP
    1. Documentation and Additional Resources
    2. Book Conventions
    3. JMP Documentation
      1. JMP Documentation Suite
      2. JMP Help
      3. JMP Books by Users
      4. JMPer Cable
    4. Additional Resources for Learning JMP
      1. Tutorials
      2. The JMP Starter Window
      3. Sample Data Tables
      4. Learn about Statistical and JSL Terms
      5. Learn JMP Tips and Tricks
      6. Tooltips
      7. Access Resources on the Web
  3. Introduction to Quality and Process Methods
    1. Tools for Process and Product Improvement
  4. Control Chart Builder
    1. Create Control Charts Interactively
    2. Overview of Control Chart Builder
    3. Example of the Control Chart Builder
    4. Control Chart Types
      1. Shewhart Control Charts for Variables
        1. XBar-, R-, and S- Charts
        2. Individual Measurement Charts
        3. Presummarize Charts
        4. Levey-Jennings Charts
      2. Shewhart Control Charts for Attributes
      3. Rare Event Control Charts
      4. Control Chart Types Table
    5. Launch the Control Chart Builder
    6. Control Chart Builder Window
    7. Control Chart Builder Options
      1. Red Triangle Menu Options
      2. Options Panel and Right-Click Chart Options
        1. Statistic
        2. Sigma
        3. Tests
        4. Westgard Rules
      3. Right-Click Axis Options
    8. Saving and Retrieving Limits
    9. Excluded and Hidden Samples
    10. Additional Examples of the Control Chart Builder
      1. XBar and R Chart Phase Example
      2. p-chart Example
      3. np-chart Example
      4. c-chart Example
      5. u-chart Example
      6. g-chart Example
      7. t-chart Example
    11. Statistical Details for the Control Chart Platform
      1. Control Limits for - and R-charts
      2. Control Limits for - and S-charts
      3. Control Limits for Individual Measurement and Moving Range Charts
      4. Control Limits for p- and np-charts
      5. Control Limits for u-charts
      6. Control Limits for c-charts
      7. Levey-Jennings Charts
      8. Control Limits for g-charts
      9. Control Limits for t-charts
  5. Shewhart Control Charts
    1. Create Variable and Attribute Control Charts
    2. Overview of the Control Chart Platform
    3. Example of the Control Chart Platform
    4. Shewhart Control Chart Types
      1. Control Charts for Variables
        1. Run Charts
        2. XBar-, R-, and S- Charts
        3. Individual Measurement Charts
        4. Moving Average Charts
        5. Uniformly Weighted Moving Average Charts
        6. Exponentially Weighted Moving Average Charts
        7. Presummarize Charts
      2. Control Charts for Attributes
        1. Levey-Jennings Charts
    5. Launch the Control Chart Platform
      1. Process Information
        1. Process
        2. Sample Label
        3. Phase
        4. By
      2. Chart Type Information
      3. Limits Specifications
        1. KSigma
        2. Alpha
      4. Specified Statistics
    6. The Control Chart Report
    7. Control Chart Platform Options
      1. Window Options
      2. Single Chart Options
    8. Saving and Retrieving Limits
    9. Excluded, Hidden, and Deleted Samples
    10. Additional Examples of the Control Chart Platform
      1. Run Chart Example
      2. - and R-charts Example
      3. - and S-charts with Varying Subgroup Sizes Example
      4. Individual Measurement and Moving Range Charts Example
      5. p-chart Example
      6. np-chart Example
      7. c-chart Example
      8. u-chart Example
      9. UWMA Chart Example
      10. EWMA Chart Example
      11. Presummarize Chart Example
      12. Phase Example
    11. Statistical Details for the Control Chart Platform
      1. Control Limits for - and R-charts
      2. Control Limits for - and S-charts
      3. Control Limits for Individual Measurement, Moving Range, and Median Moving Range Charts
      4. Control Limits for UWMA Charts
      5. Control Limits for EWMA Charts
      6. Control Limits for p- and np-charts
      7. Control Limits on u-charts
      8. Control Limits on c-charts
      9. Levey-Jennings Charts
  6. Cumulative Sum Control Charts
    1. Detect Small Shifts in the Process Mean
    2. CUSUM Control Chart Overview
    3. Example of a CUSUM Chart
    4. Launch the CUSUM Control Chart Platform
    5. The CUSUM Control Chart
      1. Interpret a Two-Sided CUSUM Chart
      2. Interpret a One-Sided CUSUM Chart
    6. CUSUM Control Chart Platform Options
    7. Example of a One-Sided CUSUM Chart
    8. Statistical Details for CUSUM Control Charts
      1. One-Sided CUSUM Charts
        1. Positive Shifts
        2. Negative Shifts
        3. Constant Sample Sizes
      2. Two-Sided CUSUM Charts
  7. Multivariate Control Charts
    1. Monitor Multiple Process Characteristics Simultaneously
    2. Multivariate Control Chart Overview
    3. Example of a Multivariate Control Chart
      1. Step 1: Determine Whether the Process is Stable
      2. Step 2: Save Target Statistics
      3. Step 3: Monitor the Process
    4. Launch the Multivariate Control Chart Platform
    5. The Multivariate Control Chart
    6. Multivariate Control Chart Platform Options
      1. T Square Partitioned
      2. Change Point Detection
      3. Principal Components
    7. Additional Examples of Multivariate Control Charts
      1. Example of Monitoring a Process Using Sub-Grouped Data
        1. Step 1: Determine Whether the Process Is Stable
        2. Step 2: Save Target Statistics
        3. Step 3: Monitor the Process
      2. Example of T Square Partitioned
      3. Example of Change Point Detection
    8. Statistical Details for Multivariate Control Charts
      1. Statistical Details for Individual Data
      2. Statistical Details for Sub-Grouped Data
      3. Statistical Details for Additivity
      4. Statistical Details for Change Point Detection
  8. Measurement Systems Analysis
    1. Evaluate a Continuous Measurement Process Using the EMP Method
    2. Overview of Measurement Systems Analysis
    3. Example of Measurement Systems Analysis
    4. Launch the Measurement Systems Analysis Platform
    5. Measurement Systems Analysis Platform Options
      1. Average Chart
      2. Range Chart or Standard Deviation Chart
      3. EMP Results
        1. Classes of Process Monitors
      4. Effective Resolution
      5. Shift Detection Profiler
      6. Bias Comparison
      7. Test-Retest Error Comparison
    6. Additional Example of Measurement Systems Analysis
    7. Statistical Details for Measurement Systems Analysis
  9. Variability Gauge Charts
    1. Evaluate a Continuous Measurement Process Using Gauge R&R
    2. Overview of Variability Charts
    3. Example of a Variability Chart
    4. Launch the Variability/Attribute Gauge Chart Platform
    5. The Variability Gauge Chart
    6. Variability Gauge Platform Options
      1. Heterogeneity of Variance Tests
      2. Variance Components
        1. Analysis Settings
      3. About the Gauge R&R Method
      4. Gauge RR Option
        1. Enter/Verify Gauge R&R Specifications
        2. The Gauge R&R Report
      5. Discrimination Ratio
      6. Misclassification Probabilities
      7. Bias Report
      8. Linearity Study
    7. Additional Examples of Variability Charts
      1. Example of the Heterogeneity of Variance Test
      2. Example of the Bias Report Option
        1. Example of a Linearity Study
    8. Statistical Details for Variability Charts
      1. Statistical Details for Variance Components
      2. Statistical Details for the Discrimination Ratio
  10. Attribute Gauge Charts
    1. Evaluate a Categorical Measurement Process Using Agreement Measures
    2. Attribute Gauge Charts Overview
    3. Example of an Attribute Gauge Chart
    4. Launch the Variability/Attribute Gauge Chart Platform
    5. The Attribute Gauge Chart and Reports
      1. Agreement Reports
      2. Effectiveness Report
        1. Conformance Report
    6. Attribute Gauge Platform Options
    7. Statistical Details for Attribute Gauge Charts
      1. Statistical Details for the Agreement Report
  11. Capability Analysis
    1. Evaluate the Ability of a Process to Meet Specifications
    2. Overview of the Capability Platform
    3. Example of the Capability Platform
    4. Launch the Capability Platform
      1. Specification Limits
        1. Spec Limits Window
        2. Limits Data Table
        3. Spec Limits Property
        4. JSL Scripts
    5. The Capability Report
      1. Goal Plot
      2. Capability Box Plots
        1. Missing Spec Limits
    6. Capability Platform Options
      1. Normalized Box Plots
      2. Make Summary Table
      3. Capability Indices Report
      4. Individual Detail Reports
    7. Additional Example of the Capability Platform
  12. Pareto Plots
    1. Focus Improvement Efforts on the Vital Few
    2. Overview of the Pareto Plot Platform
    3. Example of the Pareto Plot Platform
    4. Launch the Pareto Plot Platform
    5. The Pareto Plot Report
    6. Pareto Plot Platform Options
      1. Causes Options
    7. Additional Examples of the Pareto Plot Platform
      1. Threshold of Combined Causes Example
      2. Using a Constant Size across Groups Example
      3. Using a Non-Constant Sample Size across Groups Example
      4. One-Way Comparative Pareto Plot Example
      5. Two-Way Comparative Pareto Plot Example
  13. Cause-and-Effect Diagrams
    1. Identify Root Causes
    2. Cause-and-Effect Diagram Overview
    3. Example of a Cause-and-Effect Diagram
    4. Prepare the Data
    5. Launch the Diagram Platform
    6. The Cause-and-Effect Diagram
      1. Right-Click Menus
        1. Text Menu
        2. Insert Menu
        3. Move Menu
        4. Other Menu Options
    7. Save the Diagram
      1. Save the Diagram as a Data Table
      2. Save the Diagram as a Journal
      3. Save the Diagram as a Script
  14. References
  15. Index
    1. Quality and Process Methods
    2. Symbols
    3. A
    4. B
    5. C
    6. D
    7. E
    8. F
    9. G
    10. I
    11. J
    12. K
    13. L
    14. M
    15. N
    16. O
    17. P
    18. R
    19. S
    20. T
    21. U
    22. V
    23. W-Z