You are previewing J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2013: For Preparing Your 2012 Tax Return.
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J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2013: For Preparing Your 2012 Tax Return

Book Description

America's number one bestselling tax guide offers the best balance of thoroughness, organization, and usability

For over half a century, more than 39 million Americans have turned to J.K. Lasser for easy-to-follow, expert advice and guidance on planning and filing their taxes. Written by a team of tax specialists, J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2013 includes all the outstanding features that have made this book the nation's all-time top-selling tax guide. It covers some of the most important topics associated with your taxes, from what must you report as income and strategies that will save you on taxes to how much tax do you actually owe and what deductions can you claim.

As an added value, you can gain direct access to bonus materials through jklasser.com, including links to the latest tax forms from the IRS, up-to-the-minute tax law changes, small business help, and much more. Filled with in-depth insights and timely advice, this is the guide of choice for today's serious taxpayer.

  • Contains over 2,500 easy-to-use tax planning tips and strategies and easy-to-understand coverage of the year's tax law changes

  • Packed with hundreds of updated examples, practical advice, and real-world examples

  • Includes filing tips and instructions to help you prepare your 2012 return

  • Comprised of a quick reference section that highlights what's new for 2012 as well as a topic index to help pinpoint the biggest money-saving deductions

  • Offers instruction for customers who use software or CPAs to file their taxes

Filled with practical tax guidance you can't find anywhere else, J.K. Lasser's Your Income Tax 2013 will help you plan and file your 2012 tax return in the most efficient way possible.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Contents: Chapter by Chapter
  3. Title
  4. Copyright
  5. What’s New for 2012
  6. Key Tax Numbers for 2012
  7. Looking Ahead to 2013
  8. Part 1: Filing Basics
    1. Do You Have to File a 2012 Tax Return?
    2. Filing Tests for Dependents: 2012 Returns
    3. Where to File
    4. Filing Deadlines (on or before)
    5. Choosing Which Tax Form to File
    6. Chapter 1: Filing Status
      1. 1.1 Which Filing Status Should You Use?
      2. 1.2 Tax Rates Based on Filing Status
      3. 1.3 Filing Separately Instead of Jointly
      4. 1.4 Filing a Joint Return
      5. 1.5 Nonresident Alien Spouse
      6. 1.6 Community Property Rules
      7. 1.7 Innocent Spouse Rules
      8. 1.8 Separate Liability Election for Former Spouses
      9. 1.9 Equitable Relief
      10. 1.10 Death of Your Spouse in 2012
      11. 1.11 Qualifying Widow(er) Status If Your Spouse Died in 2011 or 2010
      12. 1.12 Qualifying as Head of Household
      13. 1.13 Filing for Your Child
      14. 1.14 Return for Deceased
      15. 1.15 Return for an Incompetent Person
      16. 1.16 How a Nonresident Alien Is Taxed
      17. 1.17 How a Resident Alien Is Taxed
      18. 1.18 Who Is a Resident Alien?
      19. 1.19 When an Alien Leaves the United States
      20. 1.20 Expatriation Tax
  9. Part 2: Reporting Your Income
    1. Chapter 2: Wages, Salary, and Other Compensation
      1. 2.1 Salary and Wage Income
      2. 2.2 Constructive Receipt of Year-End Paychecks
      3. 2.3 Pay Received in Property Is Taxed
      4. 2.4 Commissions Taxable When Credited
      5. 2.5 Unemployment Benefits
      6. 2.6 Strike Pay Benefits and Penalties
      7. 2.7 Nonqualified Deferred Compensation
      8. 2.8 Did You Return Wages Received in a Prior Year?
      9. 2.9 Waiver of Executor’s and Trustee’s Commissions
      10. 2.10 Life Insurance Benefits
      11. 2.11 Educational Benefits for Employees’ Children
      12. 2.12 Sick Pay Is Taxable
      13. 2.13 Workers’ Compensation Is Tax Free
      14. 2.14 Disability Pensions
      15. 2.15 Stock Appreciation Rights (SARs)
      16. 2.16 Stock Options
      17. 2.17 Restricted Stock
    2. Chapter 3: Fringe Benefits
      1. 3.1 Tax-Free Health and Accident Coverage Under Employer Plans
      2. 3.2 Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) and Archer MSAs
      3. 3.3 Reimbursements and Other Tax-Free Payments From Employer Health and Accident Plans
      4. 3.4 Group-Term Life Insurance Premiums
      5. 3.5 Dependent Care Assistance
      6. 3.6 Adoption Benefits
      7. 3.7 Education Assistance Plans
      8. 3.8 Company Cars, Parking, and Transit Passes
      9. 3.9 Working Condition Fringe Benefits
      10. 3.10 De Minimis Fringe Benefits
      11. 3.11 Employer-Provided Retirement Advice
      12. 3.12 Employee Achievement Awards
      13. 3.13 Employer-Furnished Meals or Lodging
      14. 3.14 Minister’s Rental or Housing Allowance
      15. 3.15 Cafeteria Plans Provide Choice of Benefits
      16. 3.16 Flexible Spending Arrangements
      17. 3.17 Company Services Provided at No Additional Cost
      18. 3.18 Discounts on Company Products or Services
    3. Chapter 4: Dividend and Interest Income
      1. 4.1 Reporting Dividends and Mutual-Fund Distributions
      2. 4.2 Qualified Corporate Dividends Taxed at Favorable Capital Gain Rates
      3. 4.3 Dividends From a Partnership, S Corporation, Estate, or Trust
      4. 4.4 Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) Dividends
      5. 4.5 Taxable Dividends of Earnings and Profits
      6. 4.6 Stock Dividends on Common Stock
      7. 4.7 Dividends Paid in Property
      8. 4.8 Taxable Stock Dividends
      9. 4.9 Who Reports the Dividends
      10. 4.10 Year Dividends Are Reported
      11. 4.11 Distribution Not Out of Earnings: Return of Capital
      12. 4.12 Reporting Interest on Your Tax Return
      13. 4.13 Interest on Frozen Accounts Not Taxed
      14. 4.14 Interest Income on Debts Owed to You
      15. 4.15 Reporting Interest on Bonds Bought or Sold
      16. 4.16 Forfeiture of Interest on Premature Withdrawals
      17. 4.17 Amortization of Bond Premium
      18. 4.18 Discount on Bonds
      19. 4.19 Reporting Original Issue Discount on Your Return
      20. 4.20 Reporting Income on Market Discount Bonds
      21. 4.21 Discount on Short-Term Obligations
      22. 4.22 Stripped Coupon Bonds and Stock
      23. 4.23 Sale or Retirement of Bonds and Notes
      24. 4.24 State and City Interest Generally Tax Exempt
      25. 4.25 Taxable State and City Interest
      26. 4.26 Tax-Exempt Bonds Bought at a Discount
      27. 4.27 Treasury Bills, Notes, and Bonds
      28. 4.28 Interest on United States Savings Bonds
      29. 4.29 Deferring United States Savings Bond Interest
      30. 4.30 Minimum Interest Rules
      31. 4.31 Interest-Free or Below-Market-Interest Loans
      32. 4.32 Minimum Interest on Seller-Financed Sales
    4. Chapter 5: Reporting Property Sales
      1. 5.1 General Tax Rules for Property Sales
      2. 5.2 How Property Sales Are Classified and Taxed
      3. 5.3 Capital Gains Rates and Holding Periods
      4. 5.4 Capital Losses and Carryovers
      5. 5.5 Capital Losses of Married Couples
      6. 5.6 Losses May Be Disallowed on Sales to Related Persons
      7. 5.7 Deferring or Excluding Gain on Small Business Stock Investment
      8. 5.8 Sample Entries of Capital Asset Sales on Form 8949 and on Schedule D
      9. 5.9 Counting the Months in Your Holding Period
      10. 5.10 Holding Period for Securities
      11. 5.11 Holding Period for Real Estate
      12. 5.12 Holding Period: Gifts, Inheritances, and Other Property
      13. 5.13 Calculating Gain or Loss
      14. 5.14 Amount Realized Is the Total Selling Price
      15. 5.15 Finding Your Cost
      16. 5.16 Unadjusted Basis of Your Property
      17. 5.17 Basis of Property You Inherited or Received as a Gift
      18. 5.18 Joint Tenancy Basis Rules for Surviving Tenants
      19. 5.19 Allocating Cost Among Several Assets
      20. 5.20 How To Find Adjusted Basis
      21. 5.21 Tax Advantage of Installment Sales
      22. 5.22 Figuring the Taxable Part of Installment Payments
      23. 5.23 Electing Not To Report on the Installment Method
      24. 5.24 Restriction on Installment Sales to Relatives
      25. 5.25 Contingent Payment Sales
      26. 5.26 Using Escrow and Other Security Arrangements
      27. 5.27 Minimum Interest on Deferred Payment Sales
      28. 5.28 Dispositions of Installment Notes
      29. 5.29 Repossession of Personal Property Sold on Installment
      30. 5.30 Boot in Like-Kind Exchange Payable in Installments
      31. 5.31 “Interest” Tax on Sales Over $150,000 Plus $5 Million Debt
      32. 5.32 Worthless Securities
      33. 5.33 Tax Consequences of Bad Debts
      34. 5.34 Four Rules To Prove a Bad Debt Deduction
      35. 5.35 Family Bad Debts
    5. Chapter 6: Tax-Free Exchanges of Property
      1. 6.1 Trades of Like-Kind Property
      2. 6.2 Personal Property Held for Business or Investment
      3. 6.3 Receipt of Cash and Other Property—“Boot”
      4. 6.4 Time Limits and Security Arrangements for Deferred Exchanges
      5. 6.5 Qualified Exchange Accommodation Arrangements (QEAAs) for Reverse Exchanges
      6. 6.6 Exchanges Between Related Parties
      7. 6.7 Property Transfers Between Spouses and Ex-Spouses
      8. 6.8 Tax-Free Exchanges of Stock in Same Corporation
      9. 6.9 Joint Ownership Interests
      10. 6.10 Setting up Closely Held Corporations
      11. 6.11 Exchanges of Coins and Bullion
      12. 6.12 Tax-Free Exchanges of Insurance Policies
    6. Chapter 7: Retirement and Annuity Income
      1. 7.1 Retirement Distributions on Form 1099-R
      2. 7.2 Lump-Sum Distributions
      3. 7.3 Lump-Sum Options If You Were Born Before January 2, 1936
      4. 7.4 Averaging on Form 4972
      5. 7.5 Capital Gain Treatment for Pre-1974 Participation
      6. 7.6 Lump-Sum Payments Received by Beneficiary
      7. 7.7 Tax-Free Rollovers From Qualified Plans
      8. 7.8 Direct Rollover or Personal Rollover
      9. 7.9 Rollover of Proceeds From Sale of Property
      10. 7.10 Distribution of Employer Stock or Other Securities
      11. 7.11 Survivor Annuity for Spouse
      12. 7.12 Court Distributions to Former Spouse Under a QDRO
      13. 7.13 When Retirement Benefits Must Begin
      14. 7.14 Payouts to Beneficiaries
      15. 7.15 Penalty for Distributions Before Age 59½
      16. 7.16 Restrictions on Loans From Company Plans
      17. 7.17 Tax Benefits of 401(k) Plans
      18. 7.18 Limit on Salary-Reduction Deferrals
      19. 7.19 Withdrawals From 401(k) Plans Restricted
      20. 7.20 Designated Roth Contributions to 401(k) Plans
      21. 7.21 Annuities for Employees of Tax-Exempts and Schools (403(b) Plans)
      22. 7.22 Government and Exempt Organization Deferred Pay Plans
      23. 7.23 Figuring the Taxable Part of Your Annuity
      24. 7.24 Life Expectancy Tables
      25. 7.25 When You Convert Your Endowment Policy
      26. 7.26 Reporting Employee Annuities
      27. 7.27 Simplified Method for Calculating Taxable Employee Annuity
      28. 7.28 Employee’s Cost in Annuity
      29. 7.29 Withdrawals From Employer’s Qualified Retirement Plan Before Annuity Starting Date
    7. Chapter 8: IRAs
      1. 8.1 Starting a Traditional IRA
      2. 8.2 Traditional IRA Contributions Must Be Based on Earnings
      3. 8.3 Contributions to a Traditional IRA If You Are Married
      4. 8.4 IRA Deduction Restrictions for Active Participants in Employer Plan
      5. 8.5 Active Participation in Employer Plan
      6. 8.6 Nondeductible Contributions to Traditional IRAs
      7. 8.7 Penalty for Excess Contributions to Traditional IRAs
      8. 8.8 Taxable Distributions From Traditional IRAs
      9. 8.9 Partially Tax-Free Traditional IRA Distributions Allocable to Nondeductible Contributions
      10. 8.10 Tax-Free Rollovers and Direct Transfers to Traditional IRAs
      11. 8.11 Transfer of Traditional IRA to Spouse at Divorce
      12. 8.12 Penalty for Traditional IRA Withdrawals Before Age 59½
      13. 8.13 Mandatory Distributions From a Traditional IRA After Age 70½
      14. 8.14 Inherited Traditional IRAs
      15. 8.15 SEP Basics
      16. 8.16 Salary-Reduction SEP Set Up Before 1997
      17. 8.17 Who Is Eligible for a SIMPLE IRA?
      18. 8.18 SIMPLE IRA Contributions and Distributions
      19. 8.19 Roth IRA Advantages
      20. 8.20 Annual Contributions to a Roth IRA
      21. 8.21 Converting a Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA
      22. 8.22 Recharacterizations and Reconversions
      23. 8.23 Distributions From a Roth IRA
      24. 8.24 Distributions to Roth IRA Beneficiaries
    8. Chapter 9: Income From Real Estate Rentals and Royalties
      1. 9.1 Reporting Rental Real Estate Income and Expenses
      2. 9.2 Checklist of Rental Deductions
      3. 9.3 Distinguishing Between a Repair and an Improvement
      4. 9.4 Reporting Rents From a Multi-Unit Residence
      5. 9.5 Depreciation on Converting a Home to Rental Property
      6. 9.6 Renting a Residence to a Relative
      7. 9.7 Personal Use and Rental of a Residence During the Year
      8. 9.8 Counting Personal-Use Days and Rental Days for a Residence
      9. 9.9 Allocating Expenses of a Residence to Rental Days
      10. 9.10 Rentals Lacking Profit Motive
      11. 9.11 Reporting Royalty Income
      12. 9.12 Production Costs of Books and Creative Properties
      13. 9.13 Deducting the Cost of Patents or Copyrights
      14. 9.14 Intangible Drilling Costs
      15. 9.15 Depletion Deduction
      16. 9.16 Oil and Gas Percentage Depletion
    9. Chapter 10: Loss Restrictions: Passive Activities and At-Risk Limits
      1. 10.1 Rental Activities
      2. 10.2 Rental Real Estate Loss Allowance of up to $25,000
      3. 10.3 Real Estate Professionals
      4. 10.4 Participation May Avoid Passive Loss Restrictions
      5. 10.5 Classifying Business Activities as One or Several
      6. 10.6 Material Participation Tests for Business
      7. 10.7 Tax Credits of Passive Activities Limited
      8. 10.8 Determining Passive or Nonpassive Income and Loss
      9. 10.9 Passive Income Recharacterized as Nonpassive Income
      10. 10.10 Working Interests in Oil and Gas Wells
      11. 10.11 Partners and Members of LLCs and LLPs
      12. 10.12 Form 8582
      13. 10.13 Suspended Losses Allowed on Disposition of Your Interest
      14. 10.14 Suspended Tax Credits
      15. 10.15 Personal Service and Closely Held Corporations
      16. 10.16 Sales of Property and of Passive Activity Interests
      17. 10.17 At-Risk Limits
      18. 10.18 What Is At Risk?
      19. 10.19 Amounts Not At Risk
      20. 10.20 At-Risk Investment in Several Activities
      21. 10.21 Carryover of Disallowed Losses
      22. 10.22 Recapture of Losses Where At Risk Is Less Than Zero
    10. Chapter 11: Other Income
      1. 11.1 Prizes and Awards
      2. 11.2 Lottery and Sweepstake Winnings
      3. 11.3 Gambling Winnings and Losses
      4. 11.4 Gifts and Inheritances
      5. 11.5 Refunds of State and Local Income Tax Deductions
      6. 11.6 Other Recovered Deductions
      7. 11.7 How Legal Damages Are Taxed
      8. 11.8 Cancellation of Debts You Owe
      9. 11.9 Schedule K-1
      10. 11.10 How Partners Report Partnership Profit and Loss
      11. 11.11 When a Partner Reports Income or Loss
      12. 11.12 Partnership Loss Limitations
      13. 11.13 Unified Tax Audits of Partnerships
      14. 11.14 Stockholder Reporting of S Corporation Income and Loss
      15. 11.15 How Beneficiaries Report Estate or Trust Income
      16. 11.16 Reporting Income in Respect of a Decedent (IRD)
      17. 11.17 Deduction for Estate Tax Attributable to IRD
      18. 11.18 How Life Insurance Proceeds Are Taxed to a Beneficiary
      19. 11.19 A Policy With a Family Income Rider
      20. 11.20 Selling or Surrendering Life Insurance Policy
      21. 11.21 Jury Duty Fees
      22. 11.22 Foster Care Payments
  10. Part 3: Claiming Deductions
    1. Chapter 12: Deductions Allowed in Figuring Adjusted Gross Income
      1. 12.1 Figuring Adjusted Gross Income (AGI)
      2. 12.2 Claiming Deductions From Gross Income
      3. 12.3 What Moving Costs Are Deductible?
      4. 12.4 The Distance Test
      5. 12.5 The 39-Week Test for Employees
      6. 12.6 The 78-Week Test for the Self-Employed and Partners
      7. 12.7 Claiming Deductible Moving Expenses
      8. 12.8 Reimbursements of Moving Expenses
    2. Chapter 13: Claiming the Standard Deduction or Itemized Deductions
      1. 13.1 Claiming the Standard Deduction
      2. 13.2 Husbands and Wives Filing Separate Returns
      3. 13.3 Standard Deduction If 65 or Older or Blind
      4. 13.4 Standard Deduction for Dependents
      5. 13.5 Prepaying or Postponing Itemized Expenses
      6. 13.6 No Phaseout of Itemized Deductions
    3. Chapter 14: Charitable Contribution Deductions
      1. 14.1 Deductible Contributions
      2. 14.2 Nondeductible Contributions
      3. 14.3 Contributions That Provide You With Benefits
      4. 14.4 Unreimbursed Expenses of Volunteer Workers
      5. 14.5 Support of a Student in Your Home
      6. 14.6 What Kind of Property Are You Donating?
      7. 14.7 Cars, Clothing, and Other Property Valued Below Cost
      8. 14.8 Bargain Sales of Appreciated Property
      9. 14.9 Art Objects
      10. 14.10 Interests in Real Estate
      11. 14.11 Life Insurance
      12. 14.12 Business Inventory
      13. 14.13 Donations Through Trusts
      14. 14.14 Records Needed To Substantiate Your Contributions
      15. 14.15 Form 8283 and Written Appraisal Requirements for Property Donations
      16. 14.16 Penalty for Substantial Overvaluation of Property
      17. 14.17 Ceiling on Charitable Contributions
      18. 14.18 Carryover for Excess Donations
      19. 14.19 Election To Reduce Fair Market Value by Appreciation
    4. Chapter 15: Itemized Deduction for Interest Expenses
      1. 15.1 Home Mortgage Interest
      2. 15.2 Home Acquisition Loans
      3. 15.3 Home Equity Loans
      4. 15.4 Home Construction Loans
      5. 15.5 Home Improvement Loans
      6. 15.6 Mortgage Insurance Premiums and Other Payment Rules
      7. 15.7 Interest on Refinanced Loans
      8. 15.8 “Points”
      9. 15.9 Cooperative and Condominium Apartments
      10. 15.10 Investment Interest Limitations
      11. 15.11 Debts To Carry Tax-Exempt Obligations
      12. 15.12 Earmarking Use of Loan Proceeds For Investment or Business
      13. 15.13 Year To Claim an Interest Deduction
      14. 15.14 Prepaid Interest
    5. Chapter 16: Deductions for Taxes
      1. 16.1 Deductible Taxes
      2. 16.2 Nondeductible Taxes
      3. 16.3 State and Local Income Taxes or General Sales Taxes
      4. 16.4 Deducting Real Estate Taxes
      5. 16.5 Assessments
      6. 16.6 Tenants’ Payment of Taxes
      7. 16.7 Allocating Taxes When You Sell or Buy Realty
      8. 16.8 Automobile License Fees
      9. 16.9 Taxes Deductible as Business Expenses
      10. 16.10 Foreign Taxes
    6. Chapter 17: Medical and Dental Expense Deductions
      1. 17.1 Medical Expenses Must Exceed AGI Threshold
      2. 17.2 Allowable Medical Care Costs
      3. 17.3 Nondeductible Medical Expenses
      4. 17.4 Reimbursements Reduce Deductible Expenses
      5. 17.5 Premiums of Medical Care Policies
      6. 17.6 Expenses of Your Spouse
      7. 17.7 Expenses of Your Dependents
      8. 17.8 Decedent’s Medical Expenses
      9. 17.9 Travel Costs May Be Medical Deductions
      10. 17.10 Schooling for the Mentally or Physically Disabled
      11. 17.11 Nursing Homes
      12. 17.12 Nurses’ Wages
      13. 17.13 Home Improvements as Medical Expenses
      14. 17.14 Costs Deductible as Business Expenses
      15. 17.15 Long-Term Care Premiums and Services
      16. 17.16 Life Insurance Used by Chronically ill or Terminally ill Persons
    7. Chapter 18: Casualty and Theft Losses and Involuntary Conversions
      1. 18.1 Sudden Event Test for Casualty Losses
      2. 18.2 When To Deduct a Casualty Loss
      3. 18.3 Disaster Losses
      4. 18.4 Who May Deduct a Casualty Loss
      5. 18.5 Bank Deposit Losses
      6. 18.6 Damage to Trees and Shrubs
      7. 18.7 Deducting Damage to Your Car
      8. 18.8 Proving a Casualty Loss
      9. 18.9 Theft Losses
      10. 18.10 Proving a Theft Loss
      11. 18.11 Nondeductible Casualty and Theft Losses
      12. 18.12 Floors for Personal-Use Property Losses
      13. 18.13 Figuring Your Loss on Form 4684
      14. 18.14 Personal and Business Use of Property
      15. 18.15 Repairs May Be a “Measure of Loss”
      16. 18.16 Insurance Reimbursements
      17. 18.17 Excess Living Costs Paid by Insurance Are Not Taxable
      18. 18.18 Do Your Casualty or Theft Losses Exceed Your Income?
      19. 18.19 Defer Gain by Replacing Property
      20. 18.20 Involuntary Conversions Qualifying for Tax Deferral
      21. 18.21 How To Elect To Defer Tax
      22. 18.22 Time Period for Buying Replacement Property
      23. 18.23 Types of Qualifying Replacement Property
      24. 18.24 Cost of Replacement Property Determines Postponed Gain
      25. 18.25 Special Assessments and Severance Damages
      26. 18.26 Reporting Gains From Casualties
    8. Chapter 19: Deducting Job Costs and Other Miscellaneous Expenses
      1. 19.1 2% AGI Floor Reduces Most Miscellaneous Expenses
      2. 19.2 Effect of 2% AGI Floor on Deductions
      3. 19.3 Checklist of Job Expenses Subject to the 2% AGI Floor
      4. 19.4 Job Expenses Not Subject to the 2% AGI Floor
      5. 19.5 Dues and Subscriptions
      6. 19.6 Uniforms and Work Clothes
      7. 19.7 Expenses of Looking for a New Job
      8. 19.8 Local Transportation Costs
      9. 19.9 Unusual Job Expenses
      10. 19.10 Computers Bought for Work
      11. 19.11 Cell Phones, Calculators, Copiers and Fax Machines
      12. 19.12 Small Tools
      13. 19.13 Employee Home Office Deductions
      14. 19.14 Telephone Costs
      15. 19.15 Checklist of Deductible Investment Expenses
      16. 19.16 Costs of Tax Return Preparation and Audits
      17. 19.17 Deducting Legal Costs
      18. 19.18 Contingent Fees Paid Out of Taxable Awards
    9. Chapter 20: Travel and Entertainment Expense Deductions
      1. 20.1 Deduction Guide for Travel and Transportation Expenses
      2. 20.2 Commuting Expenses
      3. 20.3 Overnight-Sleep Test Limits Deduction of Meal Costs
      4. 20.4 IRS Meal Allowance
      5. 20.5 Business Trip Deductions
      6. 20.6 Local Lodging Costs
      7. 20.7 When Are You Away From Home?
      8. 20.8 Fixing a Tax Home If You Work in Different Locations
      9. 20.9 Tax Home of Married Couple Working in Different Cities
      10. 20.10 Deducting Living Costs on Temporary Assignment
      11. 20.11 Business-Vacation Trips Within the United States
      12. 20.12 Business-Vacation Trips Outside the United States
      13. 20.13 Deducting Expenses of Business Conventions
      14. 20.14 Travel Expenses of a Spouse or Dependents
      15. 20.15 Restrictions on Foreign Conventions and Cruises
      16. 20.16 50% Deduction Limit
      17. 20.17 The Restrictive Tests for Meals and Entertainment
      18. 20.18 Directly Related Dining and Entertainment
      19. 20.19 Goodwill Entertainment
      20. 20.20 Home Entertaining
      21. 20.21 Your Personal Share of Entertainment Costs
      22. 20.22 Entertainment Costs of Spouses
      23. 20.23 Entertainment Facilities and Club Dues
      24. 20.24 Restrictive Test Exception for Reimbursements
      25. 20.25 50% Cost Limitation on Meals and Entertainment
      26. 20.26 Business Gift Deductions Are Limited
      27. 20.27 Record-Keeping Requirements
      28. 20.28 Proving Travel and Entertainment Expenses
      29. 20.29 Reporting T&E Expenses If You Are Self-Employed
      30. 20.30 Employee Reporting of Unreimbursed T&E Expenses
      31. 20.31 Tax Treatment of Reimbursements
      32. 20.32 What Is an Accountable Plan?
      33. 20.33 Per Diem Travel Allowance Under Accountable Plans
      34. 20.34 Automobile Mileage Allowance
      35. 20.35 Reimbursements Under Non-Accountable Plans
    10. Chapter 21: Personal Exemptions
      1. 21.1 How Many Exemptions May You Claim?
      2. 21.2 Your Spouse as an Exemption
      3. 21.3 Qualifying Children
      4. 21.4 Qualifying Relatives
      5. 21.5 Meeting the Support Test for a Qualifying Relative
      6. 21.6 Multiple Support Agreements
      7. 21.7 Special Rule for Divorced or Separated Parents
      8. 21.8 The Dependent Must Meet a Citizen or Resident Test
      9. 21.9 The Dependent Does Not File a Joint Return
      10. 21.10 Spouses’ Names and Social Security Numbers on Joint Return
      11. 21.11 Reporting Social Security Numbers of Dependents
      12. 21.12 Personal Exemptions Not Subject to Phaseout for 2012
  11. Part 4: Personal Tax Computations
    1. Chapter 22: Figuring Your Regular Income Tax Liability
      1. 22.1 Taxable Income and Regular Income Tax Liability
      2. 22.2 Using the Tax Table
      3. 22.3 Tax Computation Worksheet
      4. 22.4 Tax Calculation If You Have Net Capital Gain or Qualified Dividends
      5. 22.5 Foreign Earned Income Tax Worksheet
      6. 22.6 Income Averaging for Farmers and Fishermen
      7. 22.7 Tax Credits
    2. Chapter 23: Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT)
      1. 23.1 Computing Alternative Minimum Tax on Form 6251
      2. 23.2 Adjustments and Preferences for AMT
      3. 23.3 Tax Credits Allowed Against AMT
      4. 23.4 AMT Tax Credit From Regular Tax
      5. 23.5 Avoiding AMT
    3. Chapter 24: Computing the “Kiddie Tax” on Your Child’s Investment Income
      1. 24.1 Filing Your Child’s Return
      2. 24.2 Children Subject to “Kiddie Tax” for 2012
      3. 24.3 Computing “Kiddie Tax” on Child’s Return
      4. 24.4 Parent’s Election To Report Child’s Dividends and Interest
    4. Chapter 25: Personal Tax Credits Reduce Your Tax Liability
      1. 25.1 Overview of Personal Tax Credits
      2. 25.2 Child Tax Credit for Children Under Age 17
      3. 25.3 Figuring the Child Tax Credit
      4. 25.4 Qualifying for Child and Dependent Care Credit
      5. 25.5 Limits on the Dependent Care Credit
      6. 25.6 Earned Income Test for Dependent Care Credit
      7. 25.7 Credit Allowed for Care of Qualifying Persons
      8. 25.8 Expenses Qualifying for the Dependent Care Credit
      9. 25.9 Dependent Care Credit Rules for Separated Couples
      10. 25.10 Qualifying Tests for EIC
      11. 25.11 Income Tests for Earned Income Credit (EIC)
      12. 25.12 Look up EIC in Government Tables
      13. 25.13 Qualifying for the Adoption Credit
      14. 25.14 Claiming the Adoption Credit on Form 8839
      15. 25.15 Eligibility for the Saver’s Credit
      16. 25.16 Figuring the Saver’s Credit
      17. 25.17 Health Coverage Credit
      18. 25.18 Mortgage Interest Credit
      19. 25.19 Residential Energy Credits
      20. 25.20 Credits for Fuel Cell Vehicles and Plug-in Electric Vehicles
      21. 25.21 Repayment of the First-Time Homebuyer Credit
    5. Chapter 26: Tax Withholdings
      1. 26.1 Withholdings Should Cover Estimated Tax
      2. 26.2 Income Taxes Withheld on Wages
      3. 26.3 Low Earners May Be Exempt From Withholding
      4. 26.4 Are You Withholding the Right Amount?
      5. 26.5 Voluntary Withholding on Government Payments
      6. 26.6 When Tips Are Subject to Withholding
      7. 26.7 Withholding on Gambling Winnings
      8. 26.8 FICA Withholdings
      9. 26.9 Withholding on Retirement Distributions
      10. 26.10 Backup Withholding
    6. Chapter 27: Estimated Tax Payments
      1. 27.1 Do You Owe an Estimated Tax Penalty for 2012?
      2. 27.2 Planning Estimated Tax Payments for 2013
      3. 27.3 Dates for Paying Estimated Tax Installments for 2013
      4. 27.4 Estimates by Husband and Wife
      5. 27.5 Adjusting Your Payments During the Year
  12. Part 5: Tax Planning
    1. Chapter 28: Tax Planning Overview
      1. 28.1 Tax-Saving Opportunities
      2. 28.2 When To Defer Income and Accelerate Deductions
      3. 28.3 Watch for Tax Law Changes
      4. 28.4 Additional Medicare Taxes Take Effect in 2013
    2. Chapter 29: Tax Savings for Residence Sales
      1. 29.1 Avoiding Tax on Sale of Principal Residence
      2. 29.2 Meeting the Ownership and Use Tests
      3. 29.3 Home Sales by Married Persons
      4. 29.4 Reduced Maximum Exclusion
      5. 29.5 Figuring Gain or Loss
      6. 29.6 Figuring Adjusted Basis
      7. 29.7 Personal and Business Use of a Home
      8. 29.8 No Loss Allowed on Personal Residence
      9. 29.9 Loss on Residence Converted to Rental Property
      10. 29.10 Loss on Residence Acquired by Gift or Inheritance
    3. Chapter 30: Tax Rules for Investors in Securities
      1. 30.1 Planning Year-End Securities Transactions
      2. 30.2 Earmarking Stock Lots
      3. 30.3 Sale of Stock Dividends
      4. 30.4 Stock Rights
      5. 30.5 Short Sales of Stock
      6. 30.6 Wash Sales
      7. 30.7 Convertible Stocks and Bonds
      8. 30.8 Constructive Sales of Appreciated Financial Positions
      9. 30.9 Straddle Losses
      10. 30.10 Capital Gain Restricted on Conversion Transactions
      11. 30.11 Puts and Calls and Index Options
      12. 30.12 Investing in Tax-Exempts
      13. 30.13 Ordinary Loss for Small Business Stock (Section 1244)
      14. 30.14 Series EE Bonds
      15. 30.15 I Bonds
      16. 30.16 Trader, Dealer, or Investor?
      17. 30.17 Mark-to-Market Election for Traders
    4. Chapter 31: Tax Savings for Investors in Real Estate
      1. 31.1 Real Estate Ventures
      2. 31.2 Sales of Subdivided Land—Dealer or Investor?
      3. 31.3 Exchanging Real Estate Without Tax
      4. 31.4 Timing Your Real Property Sales
      5. 31.5 Cancellation of a Lease
      6. 31.6 Sale of an Option
      7. 31.7 Granting of an Easement
      8. 31.8 Special Tax Credits for Real Estate Investments
      9. 31.9 Foreclosures, Repossessions, Short Sales, and Voluntary Conveyances to Creditors
      10. 31.10 Restructuring Mortgage Debt
      11. 31.11 Abandonments
      12. 31.12 Seller’s Repossession After Buyer’s Default on Mortgage
      13. 31.13 Foreclosure on Mortgages Other Than Purchase Money
      14. 31.14 Foreclosure Sale to Third Party
      15. 31.15 Transferring Mortgaged Realty
    5. Chapter 32: Tax Rules for Investors in Mutual Funds
      1. 32.1 Timing of Your Investment Can Affect Your Taxes
      2. 32.2 Reinvestment Plans
      3. 32.3 Mutual-Fund Distributions Reported on Form 1099-DIV
      4. 32.4 Tax-Exempt Bond Funds
      5. 32.5 Fund Expenses
      6. 32.6 Tax Credits From Mutual Funds
      7. 32.7 How To Report Mutual Fund Distributions
      8. 32.8 Redemptions and Exchanges of Fund Shares
      9. 32.9 Basis of Redeemed Shares
      10. 32.10 Comparison of Basis Methods
    6. Chapter 33: Educational Tax Benefits
      1. 33.1 Scholarships and Grants
      2. 33.2 Tuition Reductions for College Employees
      3. 33.3 How Fulbright Awards Are Taxed
      4. 33.4 United States Savings Bond Tuition Plans
      5. 33.5 Contributing to a Qualified Tuition Program (Section 529 Plan)
      6. 33.6 Distributions From Qualified Tuition Programs (Section 529 Plans)
      7. 33.7 Education Tax Credits
      8. 33.8 American Opportunity Credit
      9. 33.9 Lifetime Learning Credit
      10. 33.10 Contributing to a Coverdell Education Savings Account (ESA)
      11. 33.11 Distributions From Coverdell ESAs
      12. 33.12 Tuition and Fees Deduction
      13. 33.13 Student Loan Interest Deduction
      14. 33.14 Types of Deductible Work-Related Costs
      15. 33.15 Work-Related Tests for Education Costs
      16. 33.16 Local Transportation and Travel Away From Home To Take Courses
    7. Chapter 34: Special Tax Rules for Senior Citizens
      1. 34.1 Senior Citizens Get Certain Filing Breaks
      2. 34.2 Social Security Benefits Subject to Tax
      3. 34.3 Computing Taxable Social Security Benefits
      4. 34.4 Election for Lump-Sum Social Security Benefit Payment
      5. 34.5 Retiring on Social Security Benefits
      6. 34.6 How Tax on Social Security Reduces Your Earnings
      7. 34.7 Claiming the Credit for the Elderly and Disabled
      8. 34.8 Base Amount for the Elderly or Disabled Credit
      9. 34.9 Reduction of the Base Amount and Liability Limitation for the Credit
      10. 34.10 Tax Effects of Moving to a Continuing Care Facility
      11. 34.11 Medicare Part B and Part D Premiums for 2013
    8. Chapter 35: Members of the Armed Forces
      1. 35.1 Taxable Armed Forces Pay and Benefits
      2. 35.2 Tax-Free Armed Forces Benefits
      3. 35.3 Deductions for Armed Forces Personnel
      4. 35.4 Tax-Free Pay for Service in Combat Zone
      5. 35.5 Tax Deadlines Extended for Combat Zone or Contingency Operation Service
      6. 35.6 Tax Forgiveness for Combat Zone or Terrorist or Military Action Deaths
      7. 35.7 Extension To Pay Your Tax When Entering the Service
      8. 35.8 Tax Information for Reservists
    9. Chapter 36: How To Treat Foreign Earned Income
      1. 36.1 Claiming the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion
      2. 36.2 What Is Foreign Earned Income?
      3. 36.3 Qualifying for the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion
      4. 36.4 How To Treat Housing Costs
      5. 36.5 Meeting the Foreign Residence or Physical Presence Test
      6. 36.6 Claiming Deductions
      7. 36.7 Exclusion Not Established When Your Return Is Due
      8. 36.8 Tax-Free Meals and Lodging for Workers in Camps
      9. 36.9 Virgin Islands, Samoa, Guam, and Northern Marianas
      10. 36.10 Earnings in Puerto Rico
      11. 36.11 Tax Treaties With Foreign Countries
      12. 36.12 Exchange Rates and Blocked Currency
      13. 36.13 Foreign Tax Credit
    10. Chapter 37: Planning Alimony and Marital Settlements
      1. 37.1 Planning Alimony Agreements
      2. 37.2 Decree or Agreement Required
      3. 37.3 Cash Payments Required
      4. 37.4 Payments Must Stop at Death
      5. 37.5 Child Support Payments Are Not Alimony
      6. 37.6 No Minimum Payment Period for Alimony
      7. 37.7 3rd Year Recapture If Alimony Drops by More Than $15,000
      8. 37.8 Legal Fees of Marital Settlements
    11. Chapter 38: Household Employment Taxes (“Nanny Tax”)
      1. 38.1 Who Is a Household Employee?
      2. 38.2 Social Security and Medicare (FICA) Taxes for Household Employees
      3. 38.3 Filing Schedule H To Report Household Employment Taxes
      4. 38.4 Federal Unemployment Taxes (FUTA) for Household Employees
    12. Chapter 39: Gift and Estate Tax Planning Basics
      1. 39.1 Gifts of Appreciated Property
      2. 39.2 Gift Tax Basics
      3. 39.3 Filing a Gift Tax Return
      4. 39.4 Gift Tax Credit
      5. 39.5 Custodial Accounts for Minors
      6. 39.6 Trusts in Family Planning
      7. 39.7 What is the Estate Tax?
      8. 39.8 Take Inventory and Estimate the Value of Your Potential Estate
      9. 39.9 Estate Tax for 2012
      10. 39.10 Planning for a Potential Estate Tax
  13. Part 6: Business Tax Planning
    1. Chapter 40: Income or Loss From Your Business or Profession
      1. 40.1 Forms of Doing Business
      2. 40.2 Reporting Self-Employed Income
      3. 40.3 Accounting Methods for Reporting Business Income
      4. 40.4 Tax Reporting Year for Self-Employed
      5. 40.5 Reporting Certain Payments and Receipts to the IRS
      6. 40.6 Filing Schedule C
      7. 40.7 Deductions for Professionals
      8. 40.8 Nondeductible Expense Items
      9. 40.9 How Authors and Artists May Write Off Expenses
      10. 40.10 Deducting Expenses of a Sideline Business or Hobby
      11. 40.11 Deducting Expenses of Looking for a New Business
      12. 40.12 Home Office Deduction
      13. 40.13 What Home Office Expenses Are Deductible?
      14. 40.14 Allocating Expenses to Business Use
      15. 40.15 Business Income May Limit Home Office Deductions
      16. 40.16 Home Office for Sideline Business
      17. 40.17 Depreciation of Office in Cooperative Apartment
      18. 40.18 Net Operating Losses (NOLs)
      19. 40.19 Your Net Operating Loss
      20. 40.20 How To Report a Net Operating Loss
      21. 40.21 How To Carry Back Your Net Operating Loss
      22. 40.22 Election To Carry Forward Losses
      23. 40.23 Overview of the Domestic Production Activities Deduction
      24. 40.24 Qualified Production Activities
      25. 40.25 Figuring the Deduction
      26. 40.26 Business Credits
      27. 40.27 Filing Schedule F
      28. 40.28 Farming Expenses
    2. Chapter 41: Retirement and Medical Plans for Self-Employed
      1. 41.1 Overview of Retirement and Medical Plans
      2. 41.2 Choosing a Keogh Plan
      3. 41.3 Choosing a SEP
      4. 41.4 Deductible Keogh or SEP Contributions
      5. 41.5 How To Claim the Keogh or SEP Deduction
      6. 41.6 How To Qualify a Keogh Plan or SEP Plan
      7. 41.7 Annual Keogh Plan Return
      8. 41.8 How Keogh Plan Distributions Are Taxed
      9. 41.9 SIMPLE IRA Plans
      10. 41.10 Health Savings Account (HSA) Basics
      11. 41.11 Limits on Deductible HSA Contributions
      12. 41.12 Distributions From HSAs
      13. 41.13 Archer MSAs
      14. 41.14 Small Business Health Tax Credit
    3. Chapter 42: Claiming Depreciation Deductions
      1. 42.1 What Property May Be Depreciated?
      2. 42.2 Claiming Depreciation on Your Tax Return
      3. 42.3 First-Year Expensing Deduction
      4. 42.4 MACRS Recovery Periods
      5. 42.5 MACRS Rates
      6. 42.6 Half-Year Convention for MACRS
      7. 42.7 Last Quarter Placements—Mid-Quarter Convention
      8. 42.8 150% Rate Election
      9. 42.9 Straight-Line Depreciation
      10. 42.10 Computers and Other Listed Property
      11. 42.11 Assets in Service Before 1987
      12. 42.12 MACRS for Real Estate Placed in Service After 1986
      13. 42.13 Demolishing a Building
      14. 42.14 Leasehold Improvements
      15. 42.15 Depreciating Real Estate Placed in Service After 1980 and Before 1987
      16. 42.16 When MACRS Is Not Allowed
      17. 42.17 Amortizing Goodwill and Other Intangibles (Section 197)
      18. 42.18 Deducting the Cost of Computer Software
      19. 42.19 Amortizing Song Rights
      20. 42.20 Bonus Depreciation
    4. Chapter 43: Deducting Car and Truck Expenses
      1. 43.1 Standard Mileage Rate
      2. 43.2 Expense Allocations
      3. 43.3 Depreciation Restrictions on Cars, Trucks, and Vans
      4. 43.4 Annual Ceilings on Depreciation
      5. 43.5 MACRS Rates for Cars, Trucks, and Vans
      6. 43.6 Straight-Line Method
      7. 43.7 Depreciation for Year Vehicle Is Disposed Of
      8. 43.8 Depreciation After Recovery Period Ends
      9. 43.9 Trade-in of Business Vehicle
      10. 43.10 Recapture of Deductions on Business Car, Truck, or Van
      11. 43.11 Keeping Records of Business Use
      12. 43.12 Leased Business Vehicles: Deductions and Income
    5. Chapter 44: Sales of Business Property
      1. 44.1 Depreciation Recaptured as Ordinary Income on Sale of Personal Property
      2. 44.2 Depreciation Recaptured as Ordinary Income on Sale of Real Estate
      3. 44.3 Recapture of First-Year Expensing
      4. 44.4 Gifts and Inheritances of Depreciable Property
      5. 44.5 Involuntary Conversions and Tax-Free Exchanges
      6. 44.6 Installment Sale of Depreciable Property
      7. 44.7 Sale of a Proprietorship
      8. 44.8 Property Used in a Business (Section 1231 Assets)
      9. 44.9 Sale of Property Used for Business and Personal Purposes
      10. 44.10 Should You Trade in Business Equipment?
      11. 44.11 Corporate Liquidation
    6. Chapter 45: Figuring Self-Employment Tax
      1. 45.1 What Is Self-Employment Income?
      2. 45.2 Partners Pay Self-Employment Tax
      3. 45.3 Schedule SE
      4. 45.4 How Wages Affect Self-Employment Tax
      5. 45.5 Optional Method If 2012 Was a Low-Income or Loss Year
      6. 45.6 Self-Employment Tax Rules for Certain Positions
  14. Part 7: Filing Your Return and What Happens After You File
    1. Chapter 46: Filing Your Return
      1. 46.1 Keeping Tax Records
      2. 46.2 Getting Ready To File Your Return
      3. 46.3 Applying for an Extension
      4. 46.4 Getting Your Refund
      5. 46.5 Paying Taxes Due
      6. 46.6 Electronic Filing
      7. 46.7 Notify the IRS of Address Changes
      8. 46.8 Interest on Tax Underpayments
      9. 46.9 Tax Penalties for Late Filing and Late Payment
    2. Chapter 47: Filing Refund Claims, and Amended Returns
      1. 47.1 Filing An Amended Return
      2. 47.2 When To File a Refund Claim
      3. 47.3 Stating the Reasons for Refund Claim
      4. 47.4 Quick Refund Claims
      5. 47.5 Interest Paid on Refund Claims
      6. 47.6 Refunds Withheld To Cover Debts
      7. 47.7 Amended Returns Showing Additional Tax
      8. 47.8 Penalty for Filing Excessive Refund Claim
    3. Chapter 48: If the IRS Examines Your Return
      1. 48.1 Odds of Being Audited
      2. 48.2 When the IRS Can Assess Additional Taxes
      3. 48.3 Audit Overview
      4. 48.4 Preparing for the Audit
      5. 48.5 Handling the Audit
      6. 48.6 Tax Penalties for Inaccurate Returns
      7. 48.7 Penalties for Not Reporting Foreign Financial Accounts
      8. 48.8 Agreeing to the Audit Changes
      9. 48.9 Disputing the Audit Changes
      10. 48.10 Offer in Compromise
      11. 48.11 Recovering Costs of a Tax Dispute
      12. 48.12 Suing the IRS for Unauthorized Collection
  15. Glossary
  16. Index